Bitcoin & Cryptocurrency Exchange Bitcoin ... - Kraken

NiceHash - buy & sell hashing power

NiceHash offers you to buy or sell hashing power directly, no contracts, no limitations, pay-as-you-go if you're a buyer and be-paid-as-you-go if you're a seller. Why bother renting rigs, when you can rent hashing power? NiceHash brings more to renters and rig owners. Visit https://www.nicehash.com today! Simply create order and you are already mining your favorite coin or point your rig to our stratum server and you are already earning bitcoins.
[link]

LitecoinMarkets

This is a subreddit devoted to long-term and short-term trading of Litecoins.
[link]

CryptoCurrencies

We're Crypto Reddit's Fiji water in a desert of censorship and agendas. Arguably Reddit's best source for uncensored cryptocurrency news, technicals, education, memes and so more!
[link]

Ultimate glossary of crypto currency terms, acronyms and abbreviations

I thought it would be really cool to have an ultimate guide for those new to crypto currencies and the terms used. I made this mostly for beginner’s and veterans alike. I’m not sure how much use you will get out of this. Stuff gets lost on Reddit quite easily so I hope this finds its way to you. Included in this list, I have included most of the terms used in crypto-communities. I have compiled this list from a multitude of sources. The list is in alphabetical order and may include some words/terms not exclusive to the crypto world but may be helpful regardless.
2FA
Two factor authentication. I highly advise that you use it.
51% Attack:
A situation where a single malicious individual or group gains control of more than half of a cryptocurrency network’s computing power. Theoretically, it could allow perpetrators to manipulate the system and spend the same coin multiple times, stop other users from completing blocks and make conflicting transactions to a chain that could harm the network.
Address (or Addy):
A unique string of numbers and letters (both upper and lower case) used to send, receive or store cryptocurrency on the network. It is also the public key in a pair of keys needed to sign a digital transaction. Addresses can be shared publicly as a text or in the form of a scannable QR code. They differ between cryptocurrencies. You can’t send Bitcoin to an Ethereum address, for example.
Altcoin (alternative coin): Any digital currency other than Bitcoin. These other currencies are alternatives to Bitcoin regarding features and functionalities (e.g. faster confirmation time, lower price, improved mining algorithm, higher total coin supply). There are hundreds of altcoins, including Ether, Ripple, Litecoin and many many others.
AIRDROP:
An event where the investors/participants are able to receive free tokens or coins into their digital wallet.
AML: Defines Anti-Money Laundering laws**.**
ARBITRAGE:
Getting risk-free profits by trading (simultaneous buying and selling of the cryptocurrency) on two different exchanges which have different prices for the same asset.
Ashdraked:
Being Ashdraked is essentially a more detailed version of being Zhoutonged. It is when you lose all of your invested capital, but you do so specifically by shorting Bitcoin. The expression “Ashdraked” comes from a story of a Romanian cryptocurrency investor who insisted upon shorting BTC, as he had done so successfully in the past. When the price of BTC rose from USD 300 to USD 500, the Romanian investor lost all of his money.
ATH (All Time High):
The highest price ever achieved by a cryptocurrency in its entire history. Alternatively, ATL is all time low
Bearish:
A tendency of prices to fall; a pessimistic expectation that the value of a coin is going to drop.
Bear trap:
A manipulation of a stock or commodity by investors.
Bitcoin:
The very first, and the highest ever valued, mass-market open source and decentralized cryptocurrency and digital payment system that runs on a worldwide peer to peer network. It operates independently of any centralized authorities
Bitconnect:
One of the biggest scams in the crypto world. it was made popular in the meme world by screaming idiot Carlos Matos, who infamously proclaimed," hey hey heeeey” and “what's a what's a what's up wasssssssssuuuuuuuuuuuuup, BitConneeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeect!”. He is now in the mentally ill meme hall of fame.
Block:
A package of permanently recorded data about transactions occurring every time period (typically about 10 minutes) on the blockchain network. Once a record has been completed and verified, it goes into a blockchain and gives way to the next block. Each block also contains a complex mathematical puzzle with a unique answer, without which new blocks can’t be added to the chain.
Blockchain:
An unchangeable digital record of all transactions ever made in a particular cryptocurrency and shared across thousands of computers worldwide. It has no central authority governing it. Records, or blocks, are chained to each other using a cryptographic signature. They are stored publicly and chronologically, from the genesis block to the latest block, hence the term blockchain. Anyone can have access to the database and yet it remains incredibly difficult to hack.
Bullish:
A tendency of prices to rise; an optimistic expectation that a specific cryptocurrency will do well and its value is going to increase.
BTFD:
Buy the fucking dip. This advise was bestowed upon us by the gods themselves. It is the iron code to crypto enthusiasts.
Bull market:
A market that Cryptos are going up.
Consensus:
An agreement among blockchain participants on the validity of data. Consensus is reached when the majority of nodes on the network verify that the transaction is 100% valid.
Crypto bubble:
The instability of cryptocurrencies in terms of price value
Cryptocurrency:
A type of digital currency, secured by strong computer code (cryptography), that operates independently of any middlemen or central authoritie
Cryptography:
The art of converting sensitive data into a format unreadable for unauthorized users, which when decoded would result in a meaningful statement.
Cryptojacking:
The use of someone else’s device and profiting from its computational power to mine cryptocurrency without their knowledge and consent.
Crypto-Valhalla:
When HODLers(holders) eventually cash out they go to a place called crypto-Valhalla. The strong will be separated from the weak and the strong will then be given lambos.
DAO:
Decentralized Autonomous Organizations. It defines A blockchain technology inspired organization or corporation that exists and operates without human intervention.
Dapp (decentralized application):
An open-source application that runs and stores its data on a blockchain network (instead of a central server) to prevent a single failure point. This software is not controlled by the single body – information comes from people providing other people with data or computing power.
Decentralized:
A system with no fundamental control authority that governs the network. Instead, it is jointly managed by all users to the system.
Desktop wallet:
A wallet that stores the private keys on your computer, which allow the spending and management of your bitcoins.
DILDO:
Long red or green candles. This is a crypto signal that tells you that it is not favorable to trade at the moment. Found on candlestick charts.
Digital Signature:
An encrypted digital code attached to an electronic document to prove that the sender is who they say they are and confirm that a transaction is valid and should be accepted by the network.
Double Spending:
An attack on the blockchain where a malicious user manipulates the network by sending digital money to two different recipients at exactly the same time.
DYOR:
Means do your own research.
Encryption:
Converting data into code to protect it from unauthorized access, so that only the intended recipient(s) can decode it.
Eskrow:
the practice of having a third party act as an intermediary in a transaction. This third party holds the funds on and sends them off when the transaction is completed.
Ethereum:
Ethereum is an open source, public, blockchain-based platform that runs smart contracts and allows you to build dapps on it. Ethereum is fueled by the cryptocurrency Ether.
Exchange:
A platform (centralized or decentralized) for exchanging (trading) different forms of cryptocurrencies. These exchanges allow you to exchange cryptos for local currency. Some popular exchanges are Coinbase, Bittrex, Kraken and more.
Faucet:
A website which gives away free cryptocurrencies.
Fiat money:
Fiat currency is legal tender whose value is backed by the government that issued it, such as the US dollar or UK pound.
Fork:
A split in the blockchain, resulting in two separate branches, an original and a new alternate version of the cryptocurrency. As a single blockchain forks into two, they will both run simultaneously on different parts of the network. For example, Bitcoin Cash is a Bitcoin fork.
FOMO:
Fear of missing out.
Frictionless:
A system is frictionless when there are zero transaction costs or trading retraints.
FUD:
Fear, Uncertainty and Doubt regarding the crypto market.
Gas:
A fee paid to run transactions, dapps and smart contracts on Ethereum.
Halving:
A 50% decrease in block reward after the mining of a pre-specified number of blocks. Every 4 years, the “reward” for successfully mining a block of bitcoin is reduced by half. This is referred to as “Halving”.
Hardware wallet:
Physical wallet devices that can securely store cryptocurrency maximally. Some examples are Ledger Nano S**,** Digital Bitbox and more**.**
Hash:
The process that takes input data of varying sizes, performs an operation on it and converts it into a fixed size output. It cannot be reversed.
Hashing:
The process by which you mine bitcoin or similar cryptocurrency, by trying to solve the mathematical problem within it, using cryptographic hash functions.
HODL:
A Bitcoin enthusiast once accidentally misspelled the word HOLD and it is now part of the bitcoin legend. It can also mean hold on for dear life.
ICO (Initial Coin Offering):
A blockchain-based fundraising mechanism, or a public crowd sale of a new digital coin, used to raise capital from supporters for an early stage crypto venture. Beware of these as there have been quite a few scams in the past.
John mcAfee:
A man who will one day eat his balls on live television for falsely predicting bitcoin going to 100k. He has also become a small meme within the crypto community for his outlandish claims.
JOMO:
Joy of missing out. For those who are so depressed about missing out their sadness becomes joy.
KYC:
Know your customer(alternatively consumer).
Lambo:
This stands for Lamborghini. A small meme within the investing community where the moment someone gets rich they spend their earnings on a lambo. One day we will all have lambos in crypto-valhalla.
Ledger:
Away from Blockchain, it is a book of financial transactions and balances. In the world of crypto, the blockchain functions as a ledger. A digital currency’s ledger records all transactions which took place on a certain block chain network.
Leverage:
Trading with borrowed capital (margin) in order to increase the potential return of an investment.
Liquidity:
The availability of an asset to be bought and sold easily, without affecting its market price.
of the coins.
Margin trading:
The trading of assets or securities bought with borrowed money.
Market cap/MCAP:
A short-term for Market Capitalization. Market Capitalization refers to the market value of a particular cryptocurrency. It is computed by multiplying the Price of an individual unit of coins by the total circulating supply.
Miner:
A computer participating in any cryptocurrency network performing proof of work. This is usually done to receive block rewards.
Mining:
The act of solving a complex math equation to validate a blockchain transaction using computer processing power and specialized hardware.
Mining contract:
A method of investing in bitcoin mining hardware, allowing anyone to rent out a pre-specified amount of hashing power, for an agreed amount of time. The mining service takes care of hardware maintenance, hosting and electricity costs, making it simpler for investors.
Mining rig:
A computer specially designed for mining cryptocurrencies.
Mooning:
A situation the price of a coin rapidly increases in value. Can also be used as: “I hope bitcoin goes to the moon”
Node:
Any computing device that connects to the blockchain network.
Open source:
The practice of sharing the source code for a piece of computer software, allowing it to be distributed and altered by anyone.
OTC:
Over the counter. Trading is done directly between parties.
P2P (Peer to Peer):
A type of network connection where participants interact directly with each other rather than through a centralized third party. The system allows the exchange of resources from A to B, without having to go through a separate server.
Paper wallet:
A form of “cold storage” where the private keys are printed onto a piece of paper and stored offline. Considered as one of the safest crypto wallets, the truth is that it majors in sweeping coins from your wallets.
Pre mining:
The mining of a cryptocurrency by its developers before it is released to the public.
Proof of stake (POS):
A consensus distribution algorithm which essentially rewards you based upon the amount of the coin that you own. In other words, more investment in the coin will leads to more gain when you mine with this protocol In Proof of Stake, the resource held by the “miner” is their stake in the currency.
PROOF OF WORK (POW) :
The competition of computers competing to solve a tough crypto math problem. The first computer that does this is allowed to create new blocks and record information.” The miner is then usually rewarded via transaction fees.
Protocol:
A standardized set of rules for formatting and processing data.
Public key / private key:
A cryptographic code that allows a user to receive cryptocurrencies into an account. The public key is made available to everyone via a publicly accessible directory, and the private key remains confidential to its respective owner. Because the key pair is mathematically related, whatever is encrypted with a public key may only be decrypted by its corresponding private key.
Pump and dump:
Massive buying and selling activity of cryptocurrencies (sometimes organized and to one’s benefit) which essentially result in a phenomenon where the significant surge in the value of coin followed by a huge crash take place in a short time frame.
Recovery phrase:
A set of phrases you are given whereby you can regain or access your wallet should you lose the private key to your wallets — paper, mobile, desktop, and hardware wallet. These phrases are some random 12–24 words. A recovery Phrase can also be called as Recovery seed, Seed Key, Recovery Key, or Seed Phrase.
REKT:
Referring to the word “wrecked”. It defines a situation whereby an investor or trader who has been ruined utterly following the massive losses suffered in crypto industry.
Ripple:
An alternative payment network to Bitcoin based on similar cryptography. The ripple network uses XRP as currency and is capable of sending any asset type.
ROI:
Return on investment.
Safu:
A crypto term for safe popularized by the Bizonnaci YouTube channel after the CEO of Binance tweeted
“Funds are safe."
“the exchage I use got hacked!”“Oh no, are your funds safu?”
“My coins better be safu!”


Sats/Satoshi:
The smallest fraction of a bitcoin is called a “satoshi” or “sat”. It represents one hundred-millionth of a bitcoin and is named after Satoshi Nakamoto.
Satoshi Nakamoto:
This was the pseudonym for the mysterious creator of Bitcoin.
Scalability:
The ability of a cryptocurrency to contain the massive use of its Blockchain.
Sharding:
A scaling solution for the Blockchain. It is generally a method that allows nodes to have partial copies of the complete blockchain in order to increase overall network performance and consensus speeds.
Shitcoin:
Coin with little potential or future prospects.
Shill:
Spreading buzz by heavily promoting a particular coin in the community to create awareness.
Short position:
Selling of a specific cryptocurrency with an expectation that it will drop in value.
Silk road:
The online marketplace where drugs and other illicit items were traded for Bitcoin. This marketplace is using accessed through “TOR”, and VPNs. In October 2013, a Silk Road was shut down in by the FBI.
Smart Contract:
Certain computational benchmarks or barriers that have to be met in turn for money or data to be deposited or even be used to verify things such as land rights.
Software Wallet:
A crypto wallet that exists purely as software files on a computer. Usually, software wallets can be generated for free from a variety of sources.
Solidity:
A contract-oriented coding language for implementing smart contracts on Ethereum. Its syntax is similar to that of JavaScript.
Stable coin:
A cryptocoin with an extremely low volatility that can be used to trade against the overall market.
Staking:
Staking is the process of actively participating in transaction validation (similar to mining) on a proof-of-stake (PoS) blockchain. On these blockchains, anyone with a minimum-required balance of a specific cryptocurrency can validate transactions and earn Staking rewards.
Surge:
When a crypto currency appreciates or goes up in price.
Tank:
The opposite of mooning. When a coin tanks it can also be described as crashing.
Tendies
For traders , the chief prize is “tendies” (chicken tenders, the treat an overgrown man-child receives for being a “Good Boy”) .
Token:
A unit of value that represents a digital asset built on a blockchain system. A token is usually considered as a “coin” of a cryptocurrency, but it really has a wider functionality.
TOR: “The Onion Router” is a free web browser designed to protect users’ anonymity and resist censorship. Tor is usually used surfing the web anonymously and access sites on the “Darkweb”.
Transaction fee:
An amount of money users are charged from their transaction when sending cryptocurrencies.
Volatility:
A measure of fluctuations in the price of a financial instrument over time. High volatility in bitcoin is seen as risky since its shifting value discourages people from spending or accepting it.
Wallet:
A file that stores all your private keys and communicates with the blockchain to perform transactions. It allows you to send and receive bitcoins securely as well as view your balance and transaction history.
Whale:
An investor that holds a tremendous amount of cryptocurrency. Their extraordinary large holdings allow them to control prices and manipulate the market.
Whitepaper:

A comprehensive report or guide made to understand an issue or help decision making. It is also seen as a technical write up that most cryptocurrencies provide to take a deep look into the structure and plan of the cryptocurrency/Blockchain project. Satoshi Nakamoto was the first to release a whitepaper on Bitcoin, titled “Bitcoin: A Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System” in late 2008.
And with that I finally complete my odyssey. I sincerely hope that this helped you and if you are new, I welcome you to crypto. If you read all of that I hope it increased, you in knowledge.
my final definition:
Crypto-Family:
A collection of all the HODLers and crypto fanatics. A place where all people alike unite over a love for crypto.
We are all in this together as we pioneer the new world that is crypto currency. I wish you a great day and Happy HODLing.
-u/flacciduck
feel free to comment words or terms that you feel should be included or about any errors I made.
Edit1:some fixes were made and added words.
submitted by flacciduck to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Bitcoin Newcomers FAQ - Please read!

Welcome to the /Bitcoin Sticky FAQ

You've probably been hearing a lot about Bitcoin recently and are wondering what's the big deal? Most of your questions should be answered by the resources below but if you have additional questions feel free to ask them in the comments.
It all started with the release of the release of Satoshi Nakamoto's whitepaper however that will probably go over the head of most readers so we recommend the following videos for a good starting point for understanding how bitcoin works and a little about its long term potential:
Some other great resources include Lopp.net, the Princeton crypto series and James D'Angelo's Bitcoin 101 Blackboard series.
Some excellent writing on Bitcoin's value proposition and future can be found at the Satoshi Nakamoto Institute.
Some Bitcoin statistics can be found here and here. Developer resources can be found here. Peer-reviewed research papers can be found here.
Potential upcoming protocol improvements and scaling resources here and here.
The number of times Bitcoin was declared dead by the media can be found here (LOL!)

Key properties of Bitcoin

Where can I buy bitcoins?

Bitcoin.org and BuyBitcoinWorldwide.com are helpful sites for beginners. You can buy or sell any amount of bitcoin (even just a few dollars worth) and there are several easy methods to purchase bitcoin with cash, credit card or bank transfer. Some of the more popular resources are below, also check out the bitcoinity exchange resources for a larger list of options for purchases.
Here is a listing of local ATMs. If you would like your paycheck automatically converted to bitcoin use Bitwage.
Note: Bitcoins are valued at whatever market price people are willing to pay for them in balancing act of supply vs demand. Unlike traditional markets, bitcoin markets operate 24 hours per day, 365 days per year. Preev is a useful site that that shows how much various denominations of bitcoin are worth in different currencies. Alternatively you can just Google "1 bitcoin in (your local currency)".

Securing your bitcoins

With bitcoin you can "Be your own bank" and personally secure your bitcoins OR you can use third party companies aka "Bitcoin banks" which will hold the bitcoins for you.
Note: For increased security, use Two Factor Authentication (2FA) everywhere it is offered, including email!
2FA requires a second confirmation code to access your account making it much harder for thieves to gain access. Google Authenticator and Authy are the two most popular 2FA services, download links are below. Make sure you create backups of your 2FA codes.
Google Auth Authy OTP Auth
Android Android N/A
iOS iOS iOS

Watch out for scams

As mentioned above, Bitcoin is decentralized, which by definition means there is no official website or Twitter handle or spokesperson or CEO. However, all money attracts thieves. This combination unfortunately results in scammers running official sounding names or pretending to be an authority on YouTube or social media. Many scammers throughout the years have claimed to be the inventor of Bitcoin. Websites like bitcoin(dot)com and the btc subreddit are active scams. Almost all altcoins (shitcoins) are marketed heavily with big promises but are really just designed to separate you from your bitcoin. So be careful: any resource, including all linked in this document, may in the future turn evil. Don't trust, verify. Also as they say in our community "Not your keys, not your coins".

Where can I spend bitcoins?

Check out spendabit or bitcoin directory for millions of merchant options. Also you can spend bitcoin anywhere visa is accepted with bitcoin debit cards such as the CashApp card. Some other useful site are listed below.
Store Product
Gyft Gift cards for hundreds of retailers including Amazon, Target, Walmart, Starbucks, Whole Foods, CVS, Lowes, Home Depot, iTunes, Best Buy, Sears, Kohls, eBay, GameStop, etc.
Spendabit, Overstock and The Bitcoin Directory Retail shopping with millions of results
ShakePay Generate one time use Visa cards in seconds
NewEgg and Dell For all your electronics needs
Bitwa.la, Coinbills, Piixpay, Bitbill.eu, Bylls, Coins.ph, Bitrefill, LivingRoomofSatoshi, Coinsfer, and more Bill payment
Menufy, Takeaway and Thuisbezorgd NL Takeout delivered to your door
Expedia, Cheapair, Destinia, Abitsky, SkyTours, the Travel category on Gyft and 9flats For when you need to get away
Cryptostorm, Mullvad, and PIA VPN services
Namecheap, Porkbun Domain name registration
Stampnik Discounted USPS Priority, Express, First-Class mail postage
Coinmap and AirBitz are helpful to find local businesses accepting bitcoins. A good resource for UK residents is at wheretospendbitcoins.co.uk.
There are also lots of charities which accept bitcoin donations.

Merchant Resources

There are several benefits to accepting bitcoin as a payment option if you are a merchant;
If you are interested in accepting bitcoin as a payment method, there are several options available;

Can I mine bitcoin?

Mining bitcoins can be a fun learning experience, but be aware that you will most likely operate at a loss. Newcomers are often advised to stay away from mining unless they are only interested in it as a hobby similar to folding at home. If you want to learn more about mining you can read more here. Still have mining questions? The crew at /BitcoinMining would be happy to help you out.
If you want to contribute to the bitcoin network by hosting the blockchain and propagating transactions you can run a full node using this setup guide. If you would prefer to keep it simple there are several good options. You can view the global node distribution here.

Earning bitcoins

Just like any other form of money, you can also earn bitcoins by being paid to do a job.
Site Description
WorkingForBitcoins, Bitwage, Cryptogrind, Coinality, Bitgigs, /Jobs4Bitcoins, BitforTip, Rein Project Freelancing
Lolli Earn bitcoin when you shop online!
OpenBazaar, Purse.io, Bitify, /Bitmarket, 21 Market Marketplaces
/GirlsGoneBitcoin NSFW Adult services
A-ads, Coinzilla.io Advertising
You can also earn bitcoins by participating as a market maker on JoinMarket by allowing users to perform CoinJoin transactions with your bitcoins for a small fee (requires you to already have some bitcoins.

Bitcoin-Related Projects

The following is a short list of ongoing projects that might be worth taking a look at if you are interested in current development in the bitcoin space.
Project Description
Lightning Network Second layer scaling
Blockstream, Rootstock and Drivechain Sidechains
Hivemind and Augur Prediction markets
Tierion and Factom Records & Titles on the blockchain
BitMarkets, DropZone, Beaver and Open Bazaar Decentralized markets
JoinMarket and Wasabi Wallet CoinJoin implementation
Coinffeine and Bisq Decentralized bitcoin exchanges
Keybase Identity & Reputation management
Abra Global P2P money transmitter network
Bitcore Open source Bitcoin javascript library

Bitcoin Units

One Bitcoin is quite large (hundreds of £/$/€) so people often deal in smaller units. The most common subunits are listed below:
Unit Symbol Value Info
bitcoin BTC 1 bitcoin one bitcoin is equal to 100 million satoshis
millibitcoin mBTC 1,000 per bitcoin used as default unit in recent Electrum wallet releases
bit bit 1,000,000 per bitcoin colloquial "slang" term for microbitcoin (μBTC)
satoshi sat 100,000,000 per bitcoin smallest unit in bitcoin, named after the inventor
For example, assuming an arbitrary exchange rate of $10000 for one Bitcoin, a $10 meal would equal:
For more information check out the Bitcoin units wiki.
Still have questions? Feel free to ask in the comments below or stick around for our weekly Mentor Monday thread. If you decide to post a question in /Bitcoin, please use the search bar to see if it has been answered before, and remember to follow the community rules outlined on the sidebar to receive a better response. The mods are busy helping manage our community so please do not message them unless you notice problems with the functionality of the subreddit.
Note: This is a community created FAQ. If you notice anything missing from the FAQ or that requires clarification you can edit it here and it will be included in the next revision pending approval.
Welcome to the Bitcoin community and the new decentralized economy!
submitted by BitcoinFan7 to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Bob The Magic Custodian



Summary: Everyone knows that when you give your assets to someone else, they always keep them safe. If this is true for individuals, it is certainly true for businesses.
Custodians always tell the truth and manage funds properly. They won't have any interest in taking the assets as an exchange operator would. Auditors tell the truth and can't be misled. That's because organizations that are regulated are incapable of lying and don't make mistakes.

First, some background. Here is a summary of how custodians make us more secure:

Previously, we might give Alice our crypto assets to hold. There were risks:

But "no worries", Alice has a custodian named Bob. Bob is dressed in a nice suit. He knows some politicians. And he drives a Porsche. "So you have nothing to worry about!". And look at all the benefits we get:
See - all problems are solved! All we have to worry about now is:
It's pretty simple. Before we had to trust Alice. Now we only have to trust Alice, Bob, and all the ways in which they communicate. Just think of how much more secure we are!

"On top of that", Bob assures us, "we're using a special wallet structure". Bob shows Alice a diagram. "We've broken the balance up and store it in lots of smaller wallets. That way", he assures her, "a thief can't take it all at once". And he points to a historic case where a large sum was taken "because it was stored in a single wallet... how stupid".
"Very early on, we used to have all the crypto in one wallet", he said, "and then one Christmas a hacker came and took it all. We call him the Grinch. Now we individually wrap each crypto and stick it under a binary search tree. The Grinch has never been back since."

"As well", Bob continues, "even if someone were to get in, we've got insurance. It covers all thefts and even coercion, collusion, and misplaced keys - only subject to the policy terms and conditions." And with that, he pulls out a phone-book sized contract and slams it on the desk with a thud. "Yep", he continues, "we're paying top dollar for one of the best policies in the country!"
"Can I read it?' Alice asks. "Sure," Bob says, "just as soon as our legal team is done with it. They're almost through the first chapter." He pauses, then continues. "And can you believe that sales guy Mike? He has the same year Porsche as me. I mean, what are the odds?"

"Do you use multi-sig?", Alice asks. "Absolutely!" Bob replies. "All our engineers are fully trained in multi-sig. Whenever we want to set up a new wallet, we generate 2 separate keys in an air-gapped process and store them in this proprietary system here. Look, it even requires the biometric signature from one of our team members to initiate any withdrawal." He demonstrates by pressing his thumb into the display. "We use a third-party cloud validation API to match the thumbprint and authorize each withdrawal. The keys are also backed up daily to an off-site third-party."
"Wow that's really impressive," Alice says, "but what if we need access for a withdrawal outside of office hours?" "Well that's no issue", Bob says, "just send us an email, call, or text message and we always have someone on staff to help out. Just another part of our strong commitment to all our customers!"

"What about Proof of Reserve?", Alice asks. "Of course", Bob replies, "though rather than publish any blockchain addresses or signed transaction, for privacy we just do a SHA256 refactoring of the inverse hash modulus for each UTXO nonce and combine the smart contract coefficient consensus in our hyperledger lightning node. But it's really simple to use." He pushes a button and a large green checkmark appears on a screen. "See - the algorithm ran through and reserves are proven."
"Wow", Alice says, "you really know your stuff! And that is easy to use! What about fiat balances?" "Yeah, we have an auditor too", Bob replies, "Been using him for a long time so we have quite a strong relationship going! We have special books we give him every year and he's very efficient! Checks the fiat, crypto, and everything all at once!"

"We used to have a nice offline multi-sig setup we've been using without issue for the past 5 years, but I think we'll move all our funds over to your facility," Alice says. "Awesome", Bob replies, "Thanks so much! This is perfect timing too - my Porsche got a dent on it this morning. We have the paperwork right over here." "Great!", Alice replies.
And with that, Alice gets out her pen and Bob gets the contract. "Don't worry", he says, "you can take your crypto-assets back anytime you like - just subject to our cancellation policy. Our annual management fees are also super low and we don't adjust them often".

How many holes have to exist for your funds to get stolen?
Just one.

Why are we taking a powerful offline multi-sig setup, widely used globally in hundreds of different/lacking regulatory environments with 0 breaches to date, and circumventing it by a demonstrably weak third party layer? And paying a great expense to do so?
If you go through the list of breaches in the past 2 years to highly credible organizations, you go through the list of major corporate frauds (only the ones we know about), you go through the list of all the times platforms have lost funds, you go through the list of times and ways that people have lost their crypto from identity theft, hot wallet exploits, extortion, etc... and then you go through this custodian with a fine-tooth comb and truly believe they have value to add far beyond what you could, sticking your funds in a wallet (or set of wallets) they control exclusively is the absolute worst possible way to take advantage of that security.

The best way to add security for crypto-assets is to make a stronger multi-sig. With one custodian, what you are doing is giving them your cryptocurrency and hoping they're honest, competent, and flawlessly secure. It's no different than storing it on a really secure exchange. Maybe the insurance will cover you. Didn't work for Bitpay in 2015. Didn't work for Yapizon in 2017. Insurance has never paid a claim in the entire history of cryptocurrency. But maybe you'll get lucky. Maybe your exact scenario will buck the trend and be what they're willing to cover. After the large deductible and hopefully without a long and expensive court battle.

And you want to advertise this increase in risk, the lapse of judgement, an accident waiting to happen, as though it's some kind of benefit to customers ("Free institutional-grade storage for your digital assets.")? And then some people are writing to the OSC that custodians should be mandatory for all funds on every exchange platform? That this somehow will make Canadians as a whole more secure or better protected compared with standard air-gapped multi-sig? On what planet?

Most of the problems in Canada stemmed from one thing - a lack of transparency. If Canadians had known what a joke Quadriga was - it wouldn't have grown to lose $400m from hard-working Canadians from coast to coast to coast. And Gerald Cotten would be in jail, not wherever he is now (at best, rotting peacefully). EZ-BTC and mister Dave Smilie would have been a tiny little scam to his friends, not a multi-million dollar fraud. Einstein would have got their act together or been shut down BEFORE losing millions and millions more in people's funds generously donated to criminals. MapleChange wouldn't have even been a thing. And maybe we'd know a little more about CoinTradeNewNote - like how much was lost in there. Almost all of the major losses with cryptocurrency exchanges involve deception with unbacked funds.
So it's great to see transparency reports from BitBuy and ShakePay where someone independently verified the backing. The only thing we don't have is:
It's not complicated to validate cryptocurrency assets. They need to exist, they need to be spendable, and they need to cover the total balances. There are plenty of credible people and firms across the country that have the capacity to reasonably perform this validation. Having more frequent checks by different, independent, parties who publish transparent reports is far more valuable than an annual check by a single "more credible/official" party who does the exact same basic checks and may or may not publish anything. Here's an example set of requirements that could be mandated:
There are ways to structure audits such that neither crypto assets nor customer information are ever put at risk, and both can still be properly validated and publicly verifiable. There are also ways to structure audits such that they are completely reasonable for small platforms and don't inhibit innovation in any way. By making the process as reasonable as possible, we can completely eliminate any reason/excuse that an honest platform would have for not being audited. That is arguable far more important than any incremental improvement we might get from mandating "the best of the best" accountants. Right now we have nothing mandated and tons of Canadians using offshore exchanges with no oversight whatsoever.

Transparency does not prove crypto assets are safe. CoinTradeNewNote, Flexcoin ($600k), and Canadian Bitcoins ($100k) are examples where crypto-assets were breached from platforms in Canada. All of them were online wallets and used no multi-sig as far as any records show. This is consistent with what we see globally - air-gapped multi-sig wallets have an impeccable record, while other schemes tend to suffer breach after breach. We don't actually know how much CoinTrader lost because there was no visibility. Rather than publishing details of what happened, the co-founder of CoinTrader silently moved on to found another platform - the "most trusted way to buy and sell crypto" - a site that has no information whatsoever (that I could find) on the storage practices and a FAQ advising that “[t]rading cryptocurrency is completely safe” and that having your own wallet is “entirely up to you! You can certainly keep cryptocurrency, or fiat, or both, on the app.” Doesn't sound like much was learned here, which is really sad to see.
It's not that complicated or unreasonable to set up a proper hardware wallet. Multi-sig can be learned in a single course. Something the equivalent complexity of a driver's license test could prevent all the cold storage exploits we've seen to date - even globally. Platform operators have a key advantage in detecting and preventing fraud - they know their customers far better than any custodian ever would. The best job that custodians can do is to find high integrity individuals and train them to form even better wallet signatories. Rather than mandating that all platforms expose themselves to arbitrary third party risks, regulations should center around ensuring that all signatories are background-checked, properly trained, and using proper procedures. We also need to make sure that signatories are empowered with rights and responsibilities to reject and report fraud. They need to know that they can safely challenge and delay a transaction - even if it turns out they made a mistake. We need to have an environment where mistakes are brought to the surface and dealt with. Not one where firms and people feel the need to hide what happened. In addition to a knowledge-based test, an auditor can privately interview each signatory to make sure they're not in coercive situations, and we should make sure they can freely and anonymously report any issues without threat of retaliation.
A proper multi-sig has each signature held by a separate person and is governed by policies and mutual decisions instead of a hierarchy. It includes at least one redundant signature. For best results, 3of4, 3of5, 3of6, 4of5, 4of6, 4of7, 5of6, or 5of7.

History has demonstrated over and over again the risk of hot wallets even to highly credible organizations. Nonetheless, many platforms have hot wallets for convenience. While such losses are generally compensated by platforms without issue (for example Poloniex, Bitstamp, Bitfinex, Gatecoin, Coincheck, Bithumb, Zaif, CoinBene, Binance, Bitrue, Bitpoint, Upbit, VinDAX, and now KuCoin), the public tends to focus more on cases that didn't end well. Regardless of what systems are employed, there is always some level of risk. For that reason, most members of the public would prefer to see third party insurance.
Rather than trying to convince third party profit-seekers to provide comprehensive insurance and then relying on an expensive and slow legal system to enforce against whatever legal loopholes they manage to find each and every time something goes wrong, insurance could be run through multiple exchange operators and regulators, with the shared interest of having a reputable industry, keeping costs down, and taking care of Canadians. For example, a 4 of 7 multi-sig insurance fund held between 5 independent exchange operators and 2 regulatory bodies. All Canadian exchanges could pay premiums at a set rate based on their needed coverage, with a higher price paid for hot wallet coverage (anything not an air-gapped multi-sig cold wallet). Such a model would be much cheaper to manage, offer better coverage, and be much more reliable to payout when needed. The kind of coverage you could have under this model is unheard of. You could even create something like the CDIC to protect Canadians who get their trading accounts hacked if they can sufficiently prove the loss is legitimate. In cases of fraud, gross negligence, or insolvency, the fund can be used to pay affected users directly (utilizing the last transparent balance report in the worst case), something which private insurance would never touch. While it's recommended to have official policies for coverage, a model where members vote would fully cover edge cases. (Could be similar to the Supreme Court where justices vote based on case law.)
Such a model could fully protect all Canadians across all platforms. You can have a fiat coverage governed by legal agreements, and crypto-asset coverage governed by both multi-sig and legal agreements. It could be practical, affordable, and inclusive.

Now, we are at a crossroads. We can happily give up our freedom, our innovation, and our money. We can pay hefty expenses to auditors, lawyers, and regulators year after year (and make no mistake - this cost will grow to many millions or even billions as the industry grows - and it will be borne by all Canadians on every platform because platforms are not going to eat up these costs at a loss). We can make it nearly impossible for any new platform to enter the marketplace, forcing Canadians to use the same stagnant platforms year after year. We can centralize and consolidate the entire industry into 2 or 3 big players and have everyone else fail (possibly to heavy losses of users of those platforms). And when a flawed security model doesn't work and gets breached, we can make it even more complicated with even more people in suits making big money doing the job that blockchain was supposed to do in the first place. We can build a system which is so intertwined and dependent on big government, traditional finance, and central bankers that it's future depends entirely on that of the fiat system, of fractional banking, and of government bail-outs. If we choose this path, as history has shown us over and over again, we can not go back, save for revolution. Our children and grandchildren will still be paying the consequences of what we decided today.
Or, we can find solutions that work. We can maintain an open and innovative environment while making the adjustments we need to make to fully protect Canadian investors and cryptocurrency users, giving easy and affordable access to cryptocurrency for all Canadians on the platform of their choice, and creating an environment in which entrepreneurs and problem solvers can bring those solutions forward easily. None of the above precludes innovation in any way, or adds any unreasonable cost - and these three policies would demonstrably eliminate or resolve all 109 historic cases as studied here - that's every single case researched so far going back to 2011. It includes every loss that was studied so far not just in Canada but globally as well.
Unfortunately, finding answers is the least challenging part. Far more challenging is to get platform operators and regulators to agree on anything. My last post got no response whatsoever, and while the OSC has told me they're happy for industry feedback, I believe my opinion alone is fairly meaningless. This takes the whole community working together to solve. So please let me know your thoughts. Please take the time to upvote and share this with people. Please - let's get this solved and not leave it up to other people to do.

Facts/background/sources (skip if you like):



Thoughts?
submitted by azoundria2 to QuadrigaInitiative [link] [comments]

ETHE & GBTC (Grayscale) Frequently Asked Questions

It is no doubt Grayscale’s booming popularity as a mainstream investment has caused a lot of community hullabaloo lately. As such, I felt it was worth making a FAQ regarding the topic. I’m looking to update this as needed and of course am open to suggestions / adding any questions.
The goal is simply to have a thread we can link to anyone with questions on Grayscale and its products. Instead of explaining the same thing 3 times a day, shoot those posters over to this thread. My hope is that these questions are answered in a fairly simple and easy to understand manner. I think as the sub grows it will be a nice reference point for newcomers.
Disclaimer: I do NOT work for Grayscale and as such am basing all these answers on information that can be found on their website / reports. (Grayscale’s official FAQ can be found here). I also do NOT have a finance degree, I do NOT have a Series 6 / 7 / 140-whatever, and I do NOT work with investment products for my day job. I have an accounting background and work within the finance world so I have the general ‘business’ knowledge to put it all together, but this is all info determined in my best faith effort as a layman. The point being is this --- it is possible I may explain something wrong or missed the technical terms, and if that occurs I am more than happy to update anything that can be proven incorrect
Everything below will be in reference to ETHE but will apply to GBTC as well. If those two segregate in any way, I will note that accordingly.
What is Grayscale? 
Grayscale is the company that created the ETHE product. Their website is https://grayscale.co/
What is ETHE? 
ETHE is essentially a stock that intends to loosely track the price of ETH. It does so by having each ETHE be backed by a specific amount of ETH that is held on chain. Initially, the newly minted ETHE can only be purchased by institutions and accredited investors directly from Grayscale. Once a year has passed (6 months for GBTC) it can then be listed on the OTCQX Best Market exchange for secondary trading. Once listed on OTCQX, anyone investor can purchase at this point. Additional information on ETHE can be found here.
So ETHE is an ETF? 
No. For technical reasons beyond my personal understandings it is not labeled an ETF. I know it all flows back to the “Securities Act Rule 144”, but due to my limited knowledge on SEC regulations I don’t want to misspeak past that. If anyone is more knowledgeable on the subject I am happy to input their answer here.
How long has ETHE existed? 
ETHE was formed 12/14/2017. GBTC was formed 9/25/2013.
How is ETHE created? 
The trust will issue shares to “Authorized Participants” in groups of 100 shares (called baskets). Authorized Participants are the only persons that may place orders to create these baskets and they do it on behalf of the investor.
Source: Creation and Redemption of Shares section on page 39 of the “Grayscale Ethereum Trust Annual Report (2019)” – Located Here
Note – The way their reports word this makes it sound like there is an army of authorizers doing the dirty work, but in reality there is only one Authorized Participant. At this moment the “Genesis” company is the sole Authorized Participant. Genesis is owned by the “Digital Currency Group, Inc.” which is the parent company of Grayscale as well. (And to really go down the rabbit hole it looks like DCG is the parent company of CoinDesk and is “backing 150+ companies across 30 countries, including Coinbase, Ripple, and Chainalysis.”)
Source: Digital Currency Group, Inc. informational section on page 77 of the “Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (BTC) Form 10-K (2019)” – Located Here
Source: Barry E. Silbert informational section on page 75 of the “Grayscale Bitcoin Trust (BTC) Form 10-K (2019)” – Located Here
How does Grayscale acquire the ETH to collateralize the ETHE product? 
An Investor may acquire ETHE by paying in cash or exchanging ETH already owned.
Source: Creation and Redemption of Shares section on page 40 of the “Grayscale Ethereum Trust Annual Report (2019)” – Located Here
Where does Grayscale store their ETH? Does it have a specific wallet address we can follow? 
ETH is stored with Coinbase Custody Trust Company, LLC. I am unaware of any specific address or set of addresses that can be used to verify the ETH is actually there.
As an aside - I would actually love to see if anyone knows more about this as it’s something that’s sort of peaked my interest after being asked about it… I find it doubtful we can find that however.
Source: Part C. Business Information, Item 8, subsection A. on page 16 of the “Grayscale Ethereum Trust Annual Report (2019)” – Located Here
Can ETHE be redeemed for ETH? 
No, currently there is no way to give your shares of ETHE back to Grayscale to receive ETH back. The only method of getting back into ETH would be to sell your ETHE to someone else and then use those proceeds to buy ETH yourself.
Source: Redemption Procedures on page 41 of the “Grayscale Ethereum Trust Annual Report (2019)” – Located Here
Why are they not redeeming shares? 
I think the report summarizes it best:
Redemptions of Shares are currently not permitted and the Trust is unable to redeem Shares. Subject to receipt of regulatory approval from the SEC and approval by the Sponsor in its sole discretion, the Trust may in the future operate a redemption program. Because the Trust does not believe that the SEC would, at this time, entertain an application for the waiver of rules needed in order to operate an ongoing redemption program, the Trust currently has no intention of seeking regulatory approval from the SEC to operate an ongoing redemption program.
Source: Redemption Procedures on page 41 of the “Grayscale Ethereum Trust Annual Report (2019)” – Located Here
What is the fee structure? 
ETHE has an annual fee of 2.5%. GBTC has an annual fee of 2.0%. Fees are paid by selling the underlying ETH / BTC collateralizing the asset.
Source: ETHE’s informational page on Grayscale’s website - Located Here
Source: Description of Trust on page 31 & 32 of the “Grayscale Ethereum Trust Annual Report (2019)” – Located Here
What is the ratio of ETH to ETHE? 
At the time of posting (6/19/2020) each ETHE share is backed by .09391605 ETH. Each share of GBTC is backed by .00096038 BTC.
ETHE & GBTC’s specific information page on Grayscale’s website updates the ratio daily – Located Here
For a full historical look at this ratio, it can be found on the Grayscale home page on the upper right side if you go to Tax Documents > 2019 Tax Documents > Grayscale Ethereum Trust 2019 Tax Letter.
Why is the ratio not 1:1? Why is it always decreasing? 
While I cannot say for certain why the initial distribution was not a 1:1 backing, it is more than likely to keep the price down and allow more investors a chance to purchase ETHE / GBTC.
As noted above, fees are paid by selling off the ETH collateralizing ETHE. So this number will always be trending downward as time goes on.
Source: Description of Trust on page 32 of the “Grayscale Ethereum Trust Annual Report (2019)” – Located Here
I keep hearing about how this is locked supply… explain? 
As noted above, there is currently no redemption program for converting your ETHE back into ETH. This means that once an ETHE is issued, it will remain in circulation until a redemption program is formed --- something that doesn’t seem to be too urgent for the SEC or Grayscale at the moment. Tiny amounts will naturally be removed due to fees, but the bulk of the asset is in there for good.
Knowing that ETHE cannot be taken back and destroyed at this time, the ETH collateralizing it will not be removed from the wallet for the foreseeable future. While it is not fully locked in the sense of say a totally lost key, it is not coming out any time soon.
Per their annual statement:
The Trust’s ETH will be transferred out of the ETH Account only in the following circumstances: (i) transferred to pay the Sponsor’s Fee or any Additional Trust Expenses, (ii) distributed in connection with the redemption of Baskets (subject to the Trust’s obtaining regulatory approval from the SEC to operate an ongoing redemption program and the consent of the Sponsor), (iii) sold on an as-needed basis to pay Additional Trust Expenses or (iv) sold on behalf of the Trust in the event the Trust terminates and liquidates its assets or as otherwise required by law or regulation.
Source: Description of Trust on page 31 of the “Grayscale Ethereum Trust Annual Report (2019)” – Located Here
Grayscale now owns a huge chunk of both ETH and BTC’s supply… should we be worried about manipulation, a sell off to crash the market crash, a staking cartel? 
First, it’s important to remember Grayscale is a lot more akin to an exchange then say an investment firm. Grayscale is working on behalf of its investors to create this product for investor control. Grayscale doesn’t ‘control’ the ETH it holds any more then Coinbase ‘controls’ the ETH in its hot wallet. (Note: There are likely some varying levels of control, but specific to this topic Grayscale cannot simply sell [legally, at least] the ETH by their own decision in the same manner Coinbase wouldn't be able to either.)
That said, there shouldn’t be any worry in the short to medium time-frame. As noted above, Grayscale can’t really remove ETH other than for fees or termination of the product. At 2.5% a year, fees are noise in terms of volume. Grayscale seems to be the fastest growing product in the crypto space at the moment and termination of the product seems unlikely.
IF redemptions were to happen tomorrow, it’s extremely unlikely we would see a mass exodus out of the product to redeem for ETH. And even if there was incentive to get back to ETH, the premium makes it so that it would be much more cost effective to just sell your ETHE on the secondary market and buy ETH yourself. Remember, any redemption is up to the investors and NOT something Grayscale has direct control over.
Yes, but what about [insert criminal act here]… 
Alright, yes. Technically nothing is stopping Grayscale from selling all the ETH / BTC and running off to the Bahamas (Hawaii?). BUT there is no real reason for them to do so. Barry is an extremely public figure and it won’t be easy for him to get away with that. Grayscale’s Bitcoin Trust creates SEC reports weekly / bi-weekly and I’m sure given the sentiment towards crypto is being watched carefully. Plus, Grayscale is making tons of consistent revenue and thus has little to no incentive to give that up for a quick buck.
That’s a lot of ‘happy little feels’ Bob, is there even an independent audit or is this Tether 2.0? 
Actually yes, an independent auditor report can be found in their annual reports. It is clearly aimed more towards the financial side and I doubt the auditors are crypto savants, but it is at least one extra set of eyes. Auditors are Friedman LLP – Auditor since 2015.
Source: Independent Auditor Report starting on page 116 (of the PDF itself) of the “Grayscale Ethereum Trust Annual Report (2019)” – Located Here
As mentioned by user TheCrpytosAndBloods (In Comments Below), a fun fact:
The company’s auditors Friedman LLP were also coincidentally TetheBitfinex’s auditors until They controversially parted ways in 2018 when the Tether controversy was at its height. I am not suggesting for one moment that there is anything shady about DCG - I just find it interesting it’s the same auditor.
“Grayscale sounds kind of lame” / “Not your keys not your crypto!” / “Why is anyone buying this, it sounds like a scam?” 
Welp, for starters this honestly is not really a product aimed at the people likely to be reading this post. To each their own, but do remember just because something provides no value to you doesn’t mean it can’t provide value to someone else. That said some of the advertised benefits are as follows:
So for example, I can set up an IRA at a brokerage account that has $0 trading fees. Then I can trade GBTC and ETHE all day without having to worry about tracking my taxes. All with the relative safety something like E-Trade provides over Binance.
As for how it benefits the everyday ETH holder? I think the supply lock is a positive. I also think this product exposes the Ethereum ecosystem to people who otherwise wouldn’t know about it.
Why is there a premium? Why is ETHE’s premium so insanely high compared to GBTC’s premium? 
There are a handful of theories of why a premium exists at all, some even mentioned in the annual report. The short list is as follows:
Why is ETHE’s so much higher the GBTC’s? Again, a few thoughts:

Are there any other differences between ETHE and GBTC? 
I touched on a few of the smaller differences, but one of the more interesting changes is GBTC is now a “SEC reporting company” as of January 2020. Which again goes beyond my scope of knowledge so I won’t comment on it too much… but the net result is GBTC is now putting out weekly / bi-weekly 8-K’s and annual 10-K’s. This means you can track GBTC that much easier at the moment as well as there is an extra layer of validity to the product IMO.
I’m looking for some statistics on ETHE… such as who is buying, how much is bought, etc? 
There is a great Q1 2020 report I recommend you give a read that has a lot of cool graphs and data on the product. It’s a little GBTC centric, but there is some ETHE data as well. It can be found here hidden within the 8-K filings.Q1 2020 is the 4/16/2020 8-K filing.
For those more into a GAAP style report see the 2019 annual 10-K of the same location.
Is Grayscale only just for BTC and ETH? 
No, there are other products as well. In terms of a secondary market product, ETCG is the Ethereum Classic version of ETHE. Fun Fact – ETCG was actually put out to the secondary market first. It also has a 3% fee tied to it where 1% of it goes to some type of ETC development fund.
In terms of institutional and accredited investors, there are a few ‘fan favorites’ such as Bitcoin Cash, Litcoin, Stellar, XRP, and Zcash. Something called Horizion (Backed by ZEN I guess? Idk to be honest what that is…). And a diversified Mutual Fund type fund that has a little bit of all of those. None of these products are available on the secondary market.
Are there alternatives to Grayscale? 
I know they exist, but I don’t follow them. I’ll leave this as a “to be edited” section and will add as others comment on what they know.
Per user Over-analyser (in comments below):
Coinshares (Formerly XBT provider) are the only similar product I know of. BTC, ETH, XRP and LTC as Exchange Traded Notes (ETN).
It looks like they are fully backed with the underlying crypto (no premium).
https://coinshares.com/etps/xbt-provideinvestor-resources/daily-hedging-position
Denominated in SEK and EUR. Certainly available in some UK pensions (SIPP).
As asked by pegcity - Okay so I was under the impression you can just give them your own ETH and get ETHE, but do you get 11 ETHE per ETH or do you get the market value of ETH in USD worth of ETHE? 
I have always understood that the ETHE issued directly through Grayscale is issued without the premium. As in, if I were to trade 1 ETH for ETHE I would get 11, not say only 2 or 3 because the secondary market premium is so high. And if I were paying cash only I would be paying the price to buy 1 ETH to get my 11 ETHE. Per page 39 of their annual statement, it reads as follows:
The Trust will issue Shares to Authorized Participants from time to time, but only in one or more Baskets (with a Basket being a block of 100 Shares). The Trust will not issue fractions of a Basket. The creation (and, should the Trust commence a redemption program, redemption) of Baskets will be made only in exchange for the delivery to the Trust, or the distribution by the Trust, of the number of whole and fractional ETH represented by each Basket being created (or, should the Trust commence a redemption program, redeemed), which is determined by dividing (x) the number of ETH owned by the Trust at 4:00 p.m., New York time, on the trade date of a creation or redemption order, after deducting the number of ETH representing the U.S. dollar value of accrued but unpaid fees and expenses of the Trust (converted using the ETH Index Price at such time, and carried to the eighth decimal place), by (y) the number of Shares outstanding at such time (with the quotient so obtained calculated to one one-hundred-millionth of one ETH (i.e., carried to the eighth decimal place)), and multiplying such quotient by 100 (the “Basket ETH Amount”). All questions as to the calculation of the Basket ETH Amount will be conclusively determined by the Sponsor and will be final and binding on all persons interested in the Trust. The Basket ETH Amount multiplied by the number of Baskets being created or redeemed is the “Total Basket ETH Amount.” The number of ETH represented by a Share will gradually decrease over time as the Trust’s ETH are used to pay the Trust’s expenses. Each Share represented approximately 0.0950 ETH and 0.0974 ETH as of December 31, 2019 and 2018, respectively.

submitted by Bob-Rossi to ethfinance [link] [comments]

ExtStock exchange is doing a live exit scam right now

ExtStock exchange is doing a live exit scam right now
Hello,
I got contacted by a friend that deposited money to the unknown exchange "ExtStock" He saw that exchange on Coinmarketcap and others website, pretending having best volume and liquidity.
ExtStock is announing fake volume, and Bitcoin price is 500-600$ higher than others platform.
The situation is that since some weeks, every users has theirs funds locked in the exchange. The support is talking about a "suspect activity", then no answer. They are just buying time.
https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5238319.0 https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=3049906.msg54360039#msg54360039
I suspect them running a fractional reserve, probably because of a hack, an exit scam, or a bad investment with their customers funds?
But the fact is that they have locked funds and are still tweeting like if everything is normal.
I twitted about the situation to warm users about the exchange: https://twitter.com/anth0mk/status/1255923160643403776 but ExtStock blocked me.

I contacted some projects and platform to stop them supporting Extstock, like the LISK project.

https://preview.redd.it/60icjv4vmrw41.png?width=597&format=png&auto=webp&s=4f6b3fd09341cc0e267782711aed2f8d596a305d

The compagny behind Extstock is "EXCHANGE CLOUD LIMITED" a dormant UK compagny with 1$ as assets
https://preview.redd.it/cmqvo5zbnrw41.png?width=727&format=png&auto=webp&s=23fac0bf66a85acf23260cc218469baef149014f


Please, beware of platforms listed on Coinmarketcap, and others website: a lot of website are paid to list ExtStock between Kraken, coinbase and binance...
submitted by spartanz51 to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

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☎️𝟭,𝟴𝟰𝟰-𝟵𝟬𝟯+𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱♗ [email protected]#@#@||Coinbase Technical Phone Number
☎️𝟭,𝟴𝟰𝟰-𝟵𝟬𝟯+𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱♗ [email protected]#@#@||Coinbase Technical Phone Number
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Coinbase also offers FDIC and digital asset insurance on baggage cash. In addition, Coinbase relies heavily on cold storage to protect most crypto assets. This means capitalizing more money on the coin base and Coinbase exchanges is much safer than capitalizing more on other accounts.
Extensive security measures implemented by Coinbase and Coinbase help maintain a high reputation for security. Even if these exchanges are hacked, if the user is stolen, most of the inventory will be refunded. This creates great confidence in these exchanges. That's what you need for a good cryptocurrency exchange.
Both Coinbase and Coinbase offer excellent clientfacility and have excessivepublic trust. Both features are vital for a successful cryptocurrency exchange. Coinbase and Coinbase are also two of the largest exchanges in the world and will help build a high quality reputation in the crypto exchange industry. Coinbase is the major cryptocurrency exchange in the United States. And it has a trading volume of over $ 20 billion.
submitted by semit_charu31 to u/semit_charu31 [link] [comments]

☎️𝟭,𝟴𝟰𝟰-𝟵𝟬𝟯+𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱♗ [email protected]#@#@||Coinbase Pro Customer Toll Free Number

☎️𝟭,𝟴𝟰𝟰-𝟵𝟬𝟯+𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱♗ [email protected]#@#@||Coinbase Pro Customer Toll Free Number
☎️𝟭,𝟴𝟰𝟰-𝟵𝟬𝟯+𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱♗ [email protected]#@#@||Coinbase Pro Customer Toll Free Number
Coinbase is a privately owned digital asset exchange and also provides a digital holding service. Coinbase is a cryptocurrency exchange platform that allows you to buy Bitcoin (BTC) and Ether (ETH) in US dollars and trade between BTC and ETH. It is a robust tool for more advanced operators, but has a clean and easy-to-use interface that even novice users can quickly learn.
Since then, bitcoin reserves have skyrocketed and the value of digital currencies has increased by thousands of percent. In fact, the twins are said to have become the first "Bitcoin billionaire" in December 2017, when Bitcoin broke through $ 11,000.
Coinbase competes directly with other major cryptocurrency exchanges such as Kraken and Coinbase, allowing users to buy, sell, store, trade and exchange major cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin and Ether. The Latin word "Coinbase" means twin and indicates duality. The Coinbase platform is conceptualized to integrate money in the form of a new era cryptocurrency and an old existing fiat currency, and is expected to be used interchangeably in the future with the increasing adoption of virtual currencies.
What collections Coinbase apart from other exchanges is the receipt of rules and agreement. This is the primary exchange in the United States. Get an authorized license to trade American Ether and Bitcoin. It is an exchange that workings with genuinemonetaryorganizations, and its legalityproposals certain benefits over other platforms.
Coinbase is under the supervision of the New York State Financial Services Authority (NYSDFS) and treats him as a trust company. That means you can handle not only average crypto traders like you or me, but also the following institutional investors: Great span. The platform was constructed with a very clean, contemporary and efficient design that reproduces Wall Street's outstanding weapon brand.
Many traders respond not only to the attractive exchange image, but also to the price. Commissions (per transaction sender and recipient) vary from 0.00% to 0.25%, depending on the volume of the 30-day transaction. If you are just starting to invest in bitcoin or ether, you pay at the high end of the price range, but 0.25% is not a bad price compared to other available exchanges. Coinbase support number also help you in registration process and a user-friendly business interface that newbie’s can master.
If you face any issue in use of this platform you can call at support number, where you can get complete help related to your problems.
Coinbase platform is properly designed and easy to use. The boundaryremainderscomparatively simple, providing a plane and effectiveemployer experience. Key price, order, and balance data is updated instantly, making the platform extremely responsive and keeping users informed about transactions.
Safety: Coinbase endures to completely obey with all digital asset rules and customerdefence laws, and thus functions with a high level of safety and knowledge. US dollar accounts are guaranteed by the FDIC with funds from a bank established in New York. All digital assets are cold-stored while Amazon Web Services hosts assets online. Amazon Web Services also uses some additional security measures.
Client Support: Coinbase proposals a comprehensive FAQ that asks for answers to the mutual questions, and a blog that gives consumers how to purchase and sell Bitcoin. User-specific investigations are treated via email, and Coinbase aims to answer client questions rapidly.
International: Exchanges are currently available in about 45 US states like USA Canada, Hong Kong, Puerto Rico, Singapore, Korea, and UK.
One of the utmostsignificantbenefits of Coinbase is that, like regular banks, both are guaranteed by the FDIC. This is a very important point since many crypto exchanges do not have FDIC insurance. Coinbase offers up to $ 250,000 FDIC Legal Book Insurance per account.
Coinbase places ninety eight of its cryptocurrency possessions in cold storage to enhancesafety and defend it from online hackers. The remaining two percent of cryptocurrency assets kept online are also enclosed by inclusive insurance agreements.
Coinbase also offers FDIC and digital asset insurance on baggage cash. In addition, Coinbase relies heavily on cold storage to protect most crypto assets. This means capitalizing more money on the coin base and Coinbase exchanges is much safer than capitalizing more on other accounts.
Extensive security measures implemented by Coinbase and Coinbase help maintain a high reputation for security. Even if these exchanges are hacked, if the user is stolen, most of the inventory will be refunded. This creates great confidence in these exchanges. That's what you need for a good cryptocurrency exchange.
Both Coinbase and Coinbase offer excellent clientfacility and have excessivepublic trust. Both features are vital for a successful cryptocurrency exchange. Coinbase and Coinbase are also two of the largest exchanges in the world and will help build a high quality reputation in the crypto exchange industry. Coinbase is the major cryptocurrency exchange in the United States. And it has a trading volume of over $ 20 billion.
submitted by semit_charu31 to u/semit_charu31 [link] [comments]

☎️𝟭,𝟴𝟰𝟰-𝟵𝟬𝟯+𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱♗ [email protected]#@#@||Coinbase Pro Support Phone Number

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☎️𝟭,𝟴𝟰𝟰-𝟵𝟬𝟯+𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱♗ [email protected]#@#@||Coinbase Pro Support Phone Number
Coinbase is a privately owned digital asset exchange and also provides a digital holding service. Coinbase is a cryptocurrency exchange platform that allows you to buy Bitcoin (BTC) and Ether (ETH) in US dollars and trade between BTC and ETH. It is a robust tool for more advanced operators, but has a clean and easy-to-use interface that even novice users can quickly learn.
Since then, bitcoin reserves have skyrocketed and the value of digital currencies has increased by thousands of percent. In fact, the twins are said to have become the first "Bitcoin billionaire" in December 2017, when Bitcoin broke through $ 11,000.
Coinbase competes directly with other major cryptocurrency exchanges such as Kraken and Coinbase, allowing users to buy, sell, store, trade and exchange major cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin and Ether. The Latin word "Coinbase" means twin and indicates duality. The Coinbase platform is conceptualized to integrate money in the form of a new era cryptocurrency and an old existing fiat currency, and is expected to be used interchangeably in the future with the increasing adoption of virtual currencies.
What collections Coinbase apart from other exchanges is the receipt of rules and agreement. This is the primary exchange in the United States. Get an authorized license to trade American Ether and Bitcoin. It is an exchange that workings with genuinemonetaryorganizations, and its legalityproposals certain benefits over other platforms.
Coinbase is under the supervision of the New York State Financial Services Authority (NYSDFS) and treats him as a trust company. That means you can handle not only average crypto traders like you or me, but also the following institutional investors: Great span. The platform was constructed with a very clean, contemporary and efficient design that reproduces Wall Street's outstanding weapon brand.
Many traders respond not only to the attractive exchange image, but also to the price. Commissions (per transaction sender and recipient) vary from 0.00% to 0.25%, depending on the volume of the 30-day transaction. If you are just starting to invest in bitcoin or ether, you pay at the high end of the price range, but 0.25% is not a bad price compared to other available exchanges. Coinbase support number also help you in registration process and a user-friendly business interface that newbie’s can master.
If you face any issue in use of this platform you can call at support number, where you can get complete help related to your problems.
Coinbase platform is properly designed and easy to use. The boundaryremainderscomparatively simple, providing a plane and effectiveemployer experience. Key price, order, and balance data is updated instantly, making the platform extremely responsive and keeping users informed about transactions.
Safety: Coinbase endures to completely obey with all digital asset rules and customerdefence laws, and thus functions with a high level of safety and knowledge. US dollar accounts are guaranteed by the FDIC with funds from a bank established in New York. All digital assets are cold-stored while Amazon Web Services hosts assets online. Amazon Web Services also uses some additional security measures.
Client Support: Coinbase proposals a comprehensive FAQ that asks for answers to the mutual questions, and a blog that gives consumers how to purchase and sell Bitcoin. User-specific investigations are treated via email, and Coinbase aims to answer client questions rapidly.
International: Exchanges are currently available in about 45 US states like USA Canada, Hong Kong, Puerto Rico, Singapore, Korea, and UK.
One of the utmostsignificantbenefits of Coinbase is that, like regular banks, both are guaranteed by the FDIC. This is a very important point since many crypto exchanges do not have FDIC insurance. Coinbase offers up to $ 250,000 FDIC Legal Book Insurance per account.
Coinbase places ninety eight of its cryptocurrency possessions in cold storage to enhancesafety and defend it from online hackers. The remaining two percent of cryptocurrency assets kept online are also enclosed by inclusive insurance agreements.
Coinbase also offers FDIC and digital asset insurance on baggage cash. In addition, Coinbase relies heavily on cold storage to protect most crypto assets. This means capitalizing more money on the coin base and Coinbase exchanges is much safer than capitalizing more on other accounts.
Extensive security measures implemented by Coinbase and Coinbase help maintain a high reputation for security. Even if these exchanges are hacked, if the user is stolen, most of the inventory will be refunded. This creates great confidence in these exchanges. That's what you need for a good cryptocurrency exchange.
Both Coinbase and Coinbase offer excellent clientfacility and have excessivepublic trust. Both features are vital for a successful cryptocurrency exchange. Coinbase and Coinbase are also two of the largest exchanges in the world and will help build a high quality reputation in the crypto exchange industry. Coinbase is the major cryptocurrency exchange in the United States. And it has a trading volume of over $ 20 billion.
submitted by semit_charu31 to u/semit_charu31 [link] [comments]

☎️𝟭,𝟴𝟰𝟰-𝟵𝟬𝟯+𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱♗ [email protected]#@#@||Coinbase Pro Complaint Support Phone Number

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☎️𝟭,𝟴𝟰𝟰-𝟵𝟬𝟯+𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱♗ [email protected]#@#@||Coinbase Pro Complaint Support Phone Number
Coinbase is a privately owned digital asset exchange and also provides a digital holding service. Coinbase is a cryptocurrency exchange platform that allows you to buy Bitcoin (BTC) and Ether (ETH) in US dollars and trade between BTC and ETH. It is a robust tool for more advanced operators, but has a clean and easy-to-use interface that even novice users can quickly learn.
Since then, bitcoin reserves have skyrocketed and the value of digital currencies has increased by thousands of percent. In fact, the twins are said to have become the first "Bitcoin billionaire" in December 2017, when Bitcoin broke through $ 11,000.
Coinbase competes directly with other major cryptocurrency exchanges such as Kraken and Coinbase, allowing users to buy, sell, store, trade and exchange major cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin and Ether. The Latin word "Coinbase" means twin and indicates duality. The Coinbase platform is conceptualized to integrate money in the form of a new era cryptocurrency and an old existing fiat currency, and is expected to be used interchangeably in the future with the increasing adoption of virtual currencies.
What collections Coinbase apart from other exchanges is the receipt of rules and agreement. This is the primary exchange in the United States. Get an authorized license to trade American Ether and Bitcoin. It is an exchange that workings with genuinemonetaryorganizations, and its legalityproposals certain benefits over other platforms.
Coinbase is under the supervision of the New York State Financial Services Authority (NYSDFS) and treats him as a trust company. That means you can handle not only average crypto traders like you or me, but also the following institutional investors: Great span. The platform was constructed with a very clean, contemporary and efficient design that reproduces Wall Street's outstanding weapon brand.
Many traders respond not only to the attractive exchange image, but also to the price. Commissions (per transaction sender and recipient) vary from 0.00% to 0.25%, depending on the volume of the 30-day transaction. If you are just starting to invest in bitcoin or ether, you pay at the high end of the price range, but 0.25% is not a bad price compared to other available exchanges. Coinbase support number also help you in registration process and a user-friendly business interface that newbie’s can master.
If you face any issue in use of this platform you can call at support number, where you can get complete help related to your problems.
Coinbase platform is properly designed and easy to use. The boundaryremainderscomparatively simple, providing a plane and effectiveemployer experience. Key price, order, and balance data is updated instantly, making the platform extremely responsive and keeping users informed about transactions.
Safety: Coinbase endures to completely obey with all digital asset rules and customerdefence laws, and thus functions with a high level of safety and knowledge. US dollar accounts are guaranteed by the FDIC with funds from a bank established in New York. All digital assets are cold-stored while Amazon Web Services hosts assets online. Amazon Web Services also uses some additional security measures.
Client Support: Coinbase proposals a comprehensive FAQ that asks for answers to the mutual questions, and a blog that gives consumers how to purchase and sell Bitcoin. User-specific investigations are treated via email, and Coinbase aims to answer client questions rapidly.
International: Exchanges are currently available in about 45 US states like USA Canada, Hong Kong, Puerto Rico, Singapore, Korea, and UK.
One of the utmostsignificantbenefits of Coinbase is that, like regular banks, both are guaranteed by the FDIC. This is a very important point since many crypto exchanges do not have FDIC insurance. Coinbase offers up to $ 250,000 FDIC Legal Book Insurance per account.
Coinbase places ninety eight of its cryptocurrency possessions in cold storage to enhancesafety and defend it from online hackers. The remaining two percent of cryptocurrency assets kept online are also enclosed by inclusive insurance agreements.
Coinbase also offers FDIC and digital asset insurance on baggage cash. In addition, Coinbase relies heavily on cold storage to protect most crypto assets. This means capitalizing more money on the coin base and Coinbase exchanges is much safer than capitalizing more on other accounts.
Extensive security measures implemented by Coinbase and Coinbase help maintain a high reputation for security. Even if these exchanges are hacked, if the user is stolen, most of the inventory will be refunded. This creates great confidence in these exchanges. That's what you need for a good cryptocurrency exchange.
Both Coinbase and Coinbase offer excellent clientfacility and have excessivepublic trust. Both features are vital for a successful cryptocurrency exchange. Coinbase and Coinbase are also two of the largest exchanges in the world and will help build a high quality reputation in the crypto exchange industry. Coinbase is the major cryptocurrency exchange in the United States. And it has a trading volume of over $ 20 billion.
submitted by semit_charu31 to u/semit_charu31 [link] [comments]

☎️𝟭,𝟴𝟰𝟰-𝟵𝟬𝟯+𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱♗ [email protected]#@#@||Coinbase Support Helpline Number

☎️𝟭,𝟴𝟰𝟰-𝟵𝟬𝟯+𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱♗ [email protected]#@#@||Coinbase Support Helpline Number
☎️𝟭,𝟴𝟰𝟰-𝟵𝟬𝟯+𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱♗ [email protected]#@#@||Coinbase Support Helpline Number
Coinbase is a privately owned digital asset exchange and also provides a digital holding service. Coinbase is a cryptocurrency exchange platform that allows you to buy Bitcoin (BTC) and Ether (ETH) in US dollars and trade between BTC and ETH. It is a robust tool for more advanced operators, but has a clean and easy-to-use interface that even novice users can quickly learn.
Since then, bitcoin reserves have skyrocketed and the value of digital currencies has increased by thousands of percent. In fact, the twins are said to have become the first "Bitcoin billionaire" in December 2017, when Bitcoin broke through $ 11,000.
Coinbase competes directly with other major cryptocurrency exchanges such as Kraken and Coinbase, allowing users to buy, sell, store, trade and exchange major cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin and Ether. The Latin word "Coinbase" means twin and indicates duality. The Coinbase platform is conceptualized to integrate money in the form of a new era cryptocurrency and an old existing fiat currency, and is expected to be used interchangeably in the future with the increasing adoption of virtual currencies.
What collections Coinbase apart from other exchanges is the receipt of rules and agreement. This is the primary exchange in the United States. Get an authorized license to trade American Ether and Bitcoin. It is an exchange that workings with genuinemonetaryorganizations, and its legalityproposals certain benefits over other platforms.
Coinbase is under the supervision of the New York State Financial Services Authority (NYSDFS) and treats him as a trust company. That means you can handle not only average crypto traders like you or me, but also the following institutional investors: Great span. The platform was constructed with a very clean, contemporary and efficient design that reproduces Wall Street's outstanding weapon brand.
Many traders respond not only to the attractive exchange image, but also to the price. Commissions (per transaction sender and recipient) vary from 0.00% to 0.25%, depending on the volume of the 30-day transaction. If you are just starting to invest in bitcoin or ether, you pay at the high end of the price range, but 0.25% is not a bad price compared to other available exchanges. Coinbase support number also help you in registration process and a user-friendly business interface that newbie’s can master.
If you face any issue in use of this platform you can call at support number, where you can get complete help related to your problems.
Coinbase platform is properly designed and easy to use. The boundaryremainderscomparatively simple, providing a plane and effectiveemployer experience. Key price, order, and balance data is updated instantly, making the platform extremely responsive and keeping users informed about transactions.
Safety: Coinbase endures to completely obey with all digital asset rules and customerdefence laws, and thus functions with a high level of safety and knowledge. US dollar accounts are guaranteed by the FDIC with funds from a bank established in New York. All digital assets are cold-stored while Amazon Web Services hosts assets online. Amazon Web Services also uses some additional security measures.
Client Support: Coinbase proposals a comprehensive FAQ that asks for answers to the mutual questions, and a blog that gives consumers how to purchase and sell Bitcoin. User-specific investigations are treated via email, and Coinbase aims to answer client questions rapidly.
International: Exchanges are currently available in about 45 US states like USA Canada, Hong Kong, Puerto Rico, Singapore, Korea, and UK.
One of the utmostsignificantbenefits of Coinbase is that, like regular banks, both are guaranteed by the FDIC. This is a very important point since many crypto exchanges do not have FDIC insurance. Coinbase offers up to $ 250,000 FDIC Legal Book Insurance per account.
Coinbase places ninety eight of its cryptocurrency possessions in cold storage to enhancesafety and defend it from online hackers. The remaining two percent of cryptocurrency assets kept online are also enclosed by inclusive insurance agreements.
Coinbase also offers FDIC and digital asset insurance on baggage cash. In addition, Coinbase relies heavily on cold storage to protect most crypto assets. This means capitalizing more money on the coin base and Coinbase exchanges is much safer than capitalizing more on other accounts.
Extensive security measures implemented by Coinbase and Coinbase help maintain a high reputation for security. Even if these exchanges are hacked, if the user is stolen, most of the inventory will be refunded. This creates great confidence in these exchanges. That's what you need for a good cryptocurrency exchange.
Both Coinbase and Coinbase offer excellent clientfacility and have excessivepublic trust. Both features are vital for a successful cryptocurrency exchange. Coinbase and Coinbase are also two of the largest exchanges in the world and will help build a high quality reputation in the crypto exchange industry. Coinbase is the major cryptocurrency exchange in the United States. And it has a trading volume of over $ 20 billion.
submitted by semit_charu31 to u/semit_charu31 [link] [comments]

☎️𝟭,𝟴𝟰𝟰-𝟵𝟬𝟯+𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱♗ [email protected]#@#@||Coinbase Pro Help Desk Toll Free Number

☎️𝟭,𝟴𝟰𝟰-𝟵𝟬𝟯+𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱♗ [email protected]#@#@||Coinbase Pro Help Desk Toll Free Number
☎️𝟭,𝟴𝟰𝟰-𝟵𝟬𝟯+𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱♗ [email protected]#@#@||Coinbase Pro Help Desk Toll Free Number
Coinbase is a privately owned digital asset exchange and also provides a digital holding service. Coinbase is a cryptocurrency exchange platform that allows you to buy Bitcoin (BTC) and Ether (ETH) in US dollars and trade between BTC and ETH. It is a robust tool for more advanced operators, but has a clean and easy-to-use interface that even novice users can quickly learn.
Since then, bitcoin reserves have skyrocketed and the value of digital currencies has increased by thousands of percent. In fact, the twins are said to have become the first "Bitcoin billionaire" in December 2017, when Bitcoin broke through $ 11,000.
Coinbase competes directly with other major cryptocurrency exchanges such as Kraken and Coinbase, allowing users to buy, sell, store, trade and exchange major cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin and Ether. The Latin word "Coinbase" means twin and indicates duality. The Coinbase platform is conceptualized to integrate money in the form of a new era cryptocurrency and an old existing fiat currency, and is expected to be used interchangeably in the future with the increasing adoption of virtual currencies.
What collections Coinbase apart from other exchanges is the receipt of rules and agreement. This is the primary exchange in the United States. Get an authorized license to trade American Ether and Bitcoin. It is an exchange that workings with genuinemonetaryorganizations, and its legalityproposals certain benefits over other platforms.
Coinbase is under the supervision of the New York State Financial Services Authority (NYSDFS) and treats him as a trust company. That means you can handle not only average crypto traders like you or me, but also the following institutional investors: Great span. The platform was constructed with a very clean, contemporary and efficient design that reproduces Wall Street's outstanding weapon brand.
Many traders respond not only to the attractive exchange image, but also to the price. Commissions (per transaction sender and recipient) vary from 0.00% to 0.25%, depending on the volume of the 30-day transaction. If you are just starting to invest in bitcoin or ether, you pay at the high end of the price range, but 0.25% is not a bad price compared to other available exchanges. Coinbase support number also help you in registration process and a user-friendly business interface that newbie’s can master.
If you face any issue in use of this platform you can call at support number, where you can get complete help related to your problems.
Coinbase platform is properly designed and easy to use. The boundaryremainderscomparatively simple, providing a plane and effectiveemployer experience. Key price, order, and balance data is updated instantly, making the platform extremely responsive and keeping users informed about transactions.
Safety: Coinbase endures to completely obey with all digital asset rules and customerdefence laws, and thus functions with a high level of safety and knowledge. US dollar accounts are guaranteed by the FDIC with funds from a bank established in New York. All digital assets are cold-stored while Amazon Web Services hosts assets online. Amazon Web Services also uses some additional security measures.
Client Support: Coinbase proposals a comprehensive FAQ that asks for answers to the mutual questions, and a blog that gives consumers how to purchase and sell Bitcoin. User-specific investigations are treated via email, and Coinbase aims to answer client questions rapidly.
International: Exchanges are currently available in about 45 US states like USA Canada, Hong Kong, Puerto Rico, Singapore, Korea, and UK.
One of the utmostsignificantbenefits of Coinbase is that, like regular banks, both are guaranteed by the FDIC. This is a very important point since many crypto exchanges do not have FDIC insurance. Coinbase offers up to $ 250,000 FDIC Legal Book Insurance per account.
Coinbase places ninety eight of its cryptocurrency possessions in cold storage to enhancesafety and defend it from online hackers. The remaining two percent of cryptocurrency assets kept online are also enclosed by inclusive insurance agreements.
Coinbase also offers FDIC and digital asset insurance on baggage cash. In addition, Coinbase relies heavily on cold storage to protect most crypto assets. This means capitalizing more money on the coin base and Coinbase exchanges is much safer than capitalizing more on other accounts.
Extensive security measures implemented by Coinbase and Coinbase help maintain a high reputation for security. Even if these exchanges are hacked, if the user is stolen, most of the inventory will be refunded. This creates great confidence in these exchanges. That's what you need for a good cryptocurrency exchange.
Both Coinbase and Coinbase offer excellent clientfacility and have excessivepublic trust. Both features are vital for a successful cryptocurrency exchange. Coinbase and Coinbase are also two of the largest exchanges in the world and will help build a high quality reputation in the crypto exchange industry. Coinbase is the major cryptocurrency exchange in the United States. And it has a trading volume of over $ 20 billion.
submitted by semit_charu31 to u/semit_charu31 [link] [comments]

☎️𝟭,𝟴𝟰𝟰-𝟵𝟬𝟯+𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱♗ [email protected]#@#@||Coinbase Pro Wallet Phone Number

☎️𝟭,𝟴𝟰𝟰-𝟵𝟬𝟯+𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱♗ [email protected]#@#@||Coinbase Pro Wallet Phone Number
☎️𝟭,𝟴𝟰𝟰-𝟵𝟬𝟯+𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱♗ [email protected]#@#@||Coinbase Pro Wallet Phone Number
Coinbase is a privately owned digital asset exchange and also provides a digital holding service. Coinbase is a cryptocurrency exchange platform that allows you to buy Bitcoin (BTC) and Ether (ETH) in US dollars and trade between BTC and ETH. It is a robust tool for more advanced operators, but has a clean and easy-to-use interface that even novice users can quickly learn.
Since then, bitcoin reserves have skyrocketed and the value of digital currencies has increased by thousands of percent. In fact, the twins are said to have become the first "Bitcoin billionaire" in December 2017, when Bitcoin broke through $ 11,000.
Coinbase competes directly with other major cryptocurrency exchanges such as Kraken and Coinbase, allowing users to buy, sell, store, trade and exchange major cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin and Ether. The Latin word "Coinbase" means twin and indicates duality. The Coinbase platform is conceptualized to integrate money in the form of a new era cryptocurrency and an old existing fiat currency, and is expected to be used interchangeably in the future with the increasing adoption of virtual currencies.
What collections Coinbase apart from other exchanges is the receipt of rules and agreement. This is the primary exchange in the United States. Get an authorized license to trade American Ether and Bitcoin. It is an exchange that workings with genuinemonetaryorganizations, and its legalityproposals certain benefits over other platforms.
Coinbase is under the supervision of the New York State Financial Services Authority (NYSDFS) and treats him as a trust company. That means you can handle not only average crypto traders like you or me, but also the following institutional investors: Great span. The platform was constructed with a very clean, contemporary and efficient design that reproduces Wall Street's outstanding weapon brand.
Many traders respond not only to the attractive exchange image, but also to the price. Commissions (per transaction sender and recipient) vary from 0.00% to 0.25%, depending on the volume of the 30-day transaction. If you are just starting to invest in bitcoin or ether, you pay at the high end of the price range, but 0.25% is not a bad price compared to other available exchanges. Coinbase support number also help you in registration process and a user-friendly business interface that newbie’s can master.
If you face any issue in use of this platform you can call at support number, where you can get complete help related to your problems.
Coinbase platform is properly designed and easy to use. The boundaryremainderscomparatively simple, providing a plane and effectiveemployer experience. Key price, order, and balance data is updated instantly, making the platform extremely responsive and keeping users informed about transactions.
Safety: Coinbase endures to completely obey with all digital asset rules and customerdefence laws, and thus functions with a high level of safety and knowledge. US dollar accounts are guaranteed by the FDIC with funds from a bank established in New York. All digital assets are cold-stored while Amazon Web Services hosts assets online. Amazon Web Services also uses some additional security measures.
Client Support: Coinbase proposals a comprehensive FAQ that asks for answers to the mutual questions, and a blog that gives consumers how to purchase and sell Bitcoin. User-specific investigations are treated via email, and Coinbase aims to answer client questions rapidly.
International: Exchanges are currently available in about 45 US states like USA Canada, Hong Kong, Puerto Rico, Singapore, Korea, and UK.
One of the utmostsignificantbenefits of Coinbase is that, like regular banks, both are guaranteed by the FDIC. This is a very important point since many crypto exchanges do not have FDIC insurance. Coinbase offers up to $ 250,000 FDIC Legal Book Insurance per account.
Coinbase places ninety eight of its cryptocurrency possessions in cold storage to enhancesafety and defend it from online hackers. The remaining two percent of cryptocurrency assets kept online are also enclosed by inclusive insurance agreements.
Coinbase also offers FDIC and digital asset insurance on baggage cash. In addition, Coinbase relies heavily on cold storage to protect most crypto assets. This means capitalizing more money on the coin base and Coinbase exchanges is much safer than capitalizing more on other accounts.
Extensive security measures implemented by Coinbase and Coinbase help maintain a high reputation for security. Even if these exchanges are hacked, if the user is stolen, most of the inventory will be refunded. This creates great confidence in these exchanges. That's what you need for a good cryptocurrency exchange.
Both Coinbase and Coinbase offer excellent clientfacility and have excessivepublic trust. Both features are vital for a successful cryptocurrency exchange. Coinbase and Coinbase are also two of the largest exchanges in the world and will help build a high quality reputation in the crypto exchange industry. Coinbase is the major cryptocurrency exchange in the United States. And it has a trading volume of over $ 20 billion.
submitted by semit_charu31 to u/semit_charu31 [link] [comments]

☎️𝟭,𝟴𝟰𝟰-𝟵𝟬𝟯+𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱♗ [email protected]#@#@||Coinbase Pro Technical Suppot Phone Number

☎️𝟭,𝟴𝟰𝟰-𝟵𝟬𝟯+𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱♗ [email protected]#@#@||Coinbase Pro Technical Suppot Phone Number
☎️𝟭,𝟴𝟰𝟰-𝟵𝟬𝟯+𝟮𝟵𝟰𝟱♗ [email protected]#@#@||Coinbase Pro Technical Suppot Phone Number
Coinbase is a privately owned digital asset exchange and also provides a digital holding service. Coinbase is a cryptocurrency exchange platform that allows you to buy Bitcoin (BTC) and Ether (ETH) in US dollars and trade between BTC and ETH. It is a robust tool for more advanced operators, but has a clean and easy-to-use interface that even novice users can quickly learn.
Since then, bitcoin reserves have skyrocketed and the value of digital currencies has increased by thousands of percent. In fact, the twins are said to have become the first "Bitcoin billionaire" in December 2017, when Bitcoin broke through $ 11,000.
Coinbase competes directly with other major cryptocurrency exchanges such as Kraken and Coinbase, allowing users to buy, sell, store, trade and exchange major cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin and Ether. The Latin word "Coinbase" means twin and indicates duality. The Coinbase platform is conceptualized to integrate money in the form of a new era cryptocurrency and an old existing fiat currency, and is expected to be used interchangeably in the future with the increasing adoption of virtual currencies.
What collections Coinbase apart from other exchanges is the receipt of rules and agreement. This is the primary exchange in the United States. Get an authorized license to trade American Ether and Bitcoin. It is an exchange that workings with genuinemonetaryorganizations, and its legalityproposals certain benefits over other platforms.
Coinbase is under the supervision of the New York State Financial Services Authority (NYSDFS) and treats him as a trust company. That means you can handle not only average crypto traders like you or me, but also the following institutional investors: Great span. The platform was constructed with a very clean, contemporary and efficient design that reproduces Wall Street's outstanding weapon brand.
Many traders respond not only to the attractive exchange image, but also to the price. Commissions (per transaction sender and recipient) vary from 0.00% to 0.25%, depending on the volume of the 30-day transaction. If you are just starting to invest in bitcoin or ether, you pay at the high end of the price range, but 0.25% is not a bad price compared to other available exchanges. Coinbase support number also help you in registration process and a user-friendly business interface that newbie’s can master.
If you face any issue in use of this platform you can call at support number, where you can get complete help related to your problems.
Coinbase platform is properly designed and easy to use. The boundaryremainderscomparatively simple, providing a plane and effectiveemployer experience. Key price, order, and balance data is updated instantly, making the platform extremely responsive and keeping users informed about transactions.
Safety: Coinbase endures to completely obey with all digital asset rules and customerdefence laws, and thus functions with a high level of safety and knowledge. US dollar accounts are guaranteed by the FDIC with funds from a bank established in New York. All digital assets are cold-stored while Amazon Web Services hosts assets online. Amazon Web Services also uses some additional security measures.
Client Support: Coinbase proposals a comprehensive FAQ that asks for answers to the mutual questions, and a blog that gives consumers how to purchase and sell Bitcoin. User-specific investigations are treated via email, and Coinbase aims to answer client questions rapidly.
International: Exchanges are currently available in about 45 US states like USA Canada, Hong Kong, Puerto Rico, Singapore, Korea, and UK.
One of the utmostsignificantbenefits of Coinbase is that, like regular banks, both are guaranteed by the FDIC. This is a very important point since many crypto exchanges do not have FDIC insurance. Coinbase offers up to $ 250,000 FDIC Legal Book Insurance per account.
Coinbase places ninety eight of its cryptocurrency possessions in cold storage to enhancesafety and defend it from online hackers. The remaining two percent of cryptocurrency assets kept online are also enclosed by inclusive insurance agreements.
Coinbase also offers FDIC and digital asset insurance on baggage cash. In addition, Coinbase relies heavily on cold storage to protect most crypto assets. This means capitalizing more money on the coin base and Coinbase exchanges is much safer than capitalizing more on other accounts.
Extensive security measures implemented by Coinbase and Coinbase help maintain a high reputation for security. Even if these exchanges are hacked, if the user is stolen, most of the inventory will be refunded. This creates great confidence in these exchanges. That's what you need for a good cryptocurrency exchange.
Both Coinbase and Coinbase offer excellent clientfacility and have excessivepublic trust. Both features are vital for a successful cryptocurrency exchange. Coinbase and Coinbase are also two of the largest exchanges in the world and will help build a high quality reputation in the crypto exchange industry. Coinbase is the major cryptocurrency exchange in the United States. And it has a trading volume of over $ 20 billion.
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Kraken CEO Says Bitcoin (BTC) and Crypto Interest Surging Behind the Scenes The Price of Bitcoin - YouTube 12 Things those Kraken Reviews Didn't Tell You KRAKEN REPORT: Most Traders Expect New All-Time High Bitcoin Price in 2020  BTC Drops to $6.1K

kraken bank, kraken bank charter, kraken banking services, kraken bitcoin, kraken crypto, kraken cryptocurrency, kraken exchange, kraken stock, kraken stock price, kraken us bank, payward inc In order to buy Bitcoin (BTC) on Kraken, you first need to open an account.. 1. Create an account on Kraken. Kraken is a San Francisco-based exchange that has been around since 2011. The exchange has proven popular with traders thanks to a relatively large selection of listed crypto assets, fiat trading with multiple currencies, and a strong track record when it comes to security. Find bold designs, as well as quick links to account creation, Kraken features, markets and other extras on the Kraken home page. 2. 24/7/365 customer service Kraken customer support is available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year, even on major holidays. US-based crypto exchange Kraken has released its August 2020 volatility report which predicts that Bitcoin’s price will likely crash and perform negatively in September. According to Kraken’s August 2020 volatility report , Bitcoin is due for a very negative performance in September that could see the pioneer crypto’s price crash before returning to a state of extreme volatility. Bitcoin to GBP price and historical price chart (BTC/GBP). We provide 2 types of Bitcoin Price Chart on this page, the first is a full candle-stick plotter, whilst the second is a simple daily Bitcoin price line chart. Use this link for a Bitcoin Price Ticker. Bitcoin Price Chart (BTC/GBP) Bitcoin candle chart giving BTC prices in GBP. Click ...

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Kraken CEO Says Bitcoin (BTC) and Crypto Interest Surging Behind the Scenes

WATCH LIVE DAILY: https://ivanontech.com/live 🚀 SIGN UP FOR ACADEMY: https://academy.ivanontech.com ️ BEST DEALS: https://ivanontech.com/deals SIGN UP F... Kraken CEO Says Bitcoin (BTC) and Crypto Interest Surging Behind the Scenes ... Anthony Pompliano says get ready for the bitcoin halving and price escalation to $100k - Duration: 13:28. Kitco NEWS ... Time-lapse of Bitcoin's price from 2012 -5/10/2020 on Bitstamp. Song: "Marl1 - Tsewer Beta" After trading in the $6,450 to $6,850 range for the past eight days, Bitcoin (BTC) price finally made a larger move, this time to the downside, as the digital asset dropped 8.72% to a daily low at ... ⚠️ Absolutely READ THE CHECKLIST BELOW before using Kraken.com: ⚠️ - Kraken has the best fees among the leading exchanges. - Perfect for Euro SEPA deposits and withdraws (super fast) - At ...

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