Wikipedia, die freie Enzyklopädie

Bitcoin en Français

Bitcoin est à la fois une devise monétaire et un système de paiement dans cette devise.
[link]

QuarkCoin Cryptocurrency

Quark is a decentralized digital monetary system. It facilitates sending Quarks to Friends, Family Members Online Payments free of charges and charge-backs. Military Grade Encryption. No Bank or Government Control. Quark coins are based on the original idea of Bitcoin but improved, more secure, faster transaction times and zero fees. With improvements to design and security. There is also a greater coin supply with higher block rewards for miners. Quark is fully Open Source.
[link]

03-03 17:27 - 'Знаки зодиака — Википедия' (ru.wikipedia.org) by /u/sergey_prach removed from /r/Bitcoin within 178-183min

Знаки зодиака — Википедия
Go1dfish undelete link
unreddit undelete link
Author: sergey_prach
submitted by removalbot to removalbot [link] [comments]

[WTS] World gold and silver - located in Hong Kong - Japanese Edo and modern money/Chinese dollars and ingots/Asian oddities/Hong Kong banknotes/Greece/UK/Cambodia/Indonesia/Straits/Laos/Maldives

All kinds of new stuff and some older stuff with lower prices for some!
Japan
Greece
Cambodia
Hong Kong
Indonesia
Laos
Vietnam
Straits Settlements
Maldives
China
British Isles
Shipping
Starting at $5.5 with tracking but free if you buy enough. Should take 7-14 working days if it takes longer contact me and I will initiate an investigation. If they conclude the package is lost I will do a full refund but it will take up to a month so you'll need patience. Faster courier services are available with starting ranges of $40-85 increasing by weight, and DHL can access some areas my local post administration cannot.
SEE HERE for where I am allowed to ship to by airmail. For instance, I can ship to all of the US now but I still can't ship to Russia, South Africa or South America. Please check first before purchasing to avoid disappointment.
Payment
Thanks for looking!
submitted by FeroxDraken to Coins4Sale [link] [comments]

Hydra onion шлюз

С ЧЕГО НАЧИНАЛ САЙТ HYDRA ONION

Hydra onion начала свою деятельность в далеком 2015 году и пришла на смену тогда еще популярной площадке RAMP. Ввиду большого количетсва Ddos атак RAMP не выдержал и окончательно упал. Тогда из тени и начала выходить Гидра. Пользователи были приятно удивлены новым и свежим дизайном, а также простотой оплаты покупок. Достаточно было нескольких минут и человек уже забирал свой товар. Также на площадке была введена система отзывов и рейтингов, благодаря которой на Hydra onion осталавались только качественные hydra магазины onion и продавцы. Со временем ситуация лишь улучшалась и о качестве товара можно было не беспокоится. Отлично работала система диспутов сайта, благодаря которой в случае ненахода пользователю возвращались средства, либо выдавалась замена. Огромная команда инженеров и программистов Hydra постоянно работала над тем, чтобы повысить анонимность и защищенность сайта, а также его пользователей. Но у площадки также имелись и свои проблемы. Многие люди пытались отхватить часть пирога, создавая фэйковые телеграмм каналы, а также избивая продавцов на складах. Будьте осторожны! Мы ни в коем случае не пропагандируем наркотические вещества и предостерегаем от их использования! На площадке постоянно работает служба поддержки наркозависимых людей!

Сайт Hydra зеркало onion Рабочие ссылки

Рады приветствовать Вас на сайте Hydra onion. Доступ теперь осуществляется не только из TOR, но и через обычный браузер. Анонимная система оплаты через bitcoin. Личный чат с системой PriveNote. Безопасная система кладов, авто-гарант. Площадка засеяна продавцами со всей России и СНГ. Успей сохранить рабочие ссылки на Гидру, чтобы не потерять.

О Hydra официальный onion

Гидра - площадка по продаже запрещенных товаров, собранных со всего DarkNet, подробнее. История сайта берет свое начало в 2015 году. С новой системой кладов, без сбоев в работе, hydra onion сумела быстро завоевать доверие пользователей со всего интернета. Также огромное количество продавцов перешедших с RAMP, стало развивать экономику Гидры. При переходе по ссылке перед Вами будут представлены самые авторитетные среди них. Нахождение в ТОПе обеспечивается благодаря отзывам покупателей и проведении тайных закупок со стороны модераторов. Можете доверять этим магазинам с полной уверенностью и совершать на них первые покупки.
submitted by Hydrashoponion to u/Hydrashoponion [link] [comments]

Гидра ссылка на сайт hydrarupzxnew4af com

Сайт Hydra onion Рабочие ссылки
Рады приветствовать Вас на сайте Hydra. Доступ теперь осуществляется не только из TOR, но и через обычный браузер. Анонимная система оплаты через bitcoin. Личный чат с системой PriveNote. Безопасная система кладов, авто-гарант. Площадка засеяна продавцами со всей России и СНГ. Успей сохранить рабочие ссылки на Гидру, чтобы не потерять.
О Hydra onion
Гидра - площадка по продаже запрещенных товаров, собранных со всего DarkNet, подробнее. История сайта берет свое начало в 2015 году. С новой системой кладов, без сбоев в работе, она сумела быстро завоевать доверие пользователей со всего интернета. Также огромное количество продавцов перешедших с RAMP, стало развивать экономику Гидры. При переходе по ссылке перед Вами будут представлены самые авторитетные среди них. Нахождение в ТОПе обеспечивается благодаря отзывам покупателей и проведении тайных закупок со стороны модераторов. Можете доверять этим магазинам с полной уверенностью и совершать на них первые покупки.
📷
Зеркала Гидры рабочие в ClearNet
Ввиду огромного наплыва правоохранительных органов на площадку зеркала Гидры часто блокируют. Успей добавить наш сайт в закладки, чтобы не потерять. Существует только два рабочих зеркала одновременно. На hydra постоянно представлены актуальный ссылки:
Сайт Гидра - экономикаМагазины на сайте
Благодаря системе отзывов и ранжирования магазинов на Hydra, множество продавцов начало вести ожесточенную борьбу между собой за новых клиентов. По итогу этих состязании оставались только магазины с высоким качеством и огромным разнообразием товаров. Таким образом открылись следующие возможности для покупателей и площадки:
  1. не осталось фальшивых магазинов с низкокачественным сортом товаров
  2. качество продукции на сайт Гидра онион растет с каждым днем
  3. удобство по выбору товара для пользователей
  4. честность в решении спорных вопросов
  5. безопасность данных клиентов
Валюта площадки
Прежде чем приступить к приобретению товаров, необходимо разобраться с пополнением баланса. На Hydra Onion работает полностью анонимная валюта - bitcoin. Ввиду того, что ее невозможно отследить, личные данные пользователей остаются в полной сохранности и безопасности. Существует два способа ее приобретения на площадке:
Прямое пополнение через мой счет
Для прямого пополнения счета на Гидре Вам уже необходимо иметь в наличии некоторую сумму Bitcoin. Ее можно приобрести на LocalBitcoins. Первым делом нужно перейти во вкладку «мой счет», которая находится справа сверху. Перед Вами откроется окно с балансом аккаунта, а также личным биткоин-кошельком, на который и необходимо переводить денежные суммы. Далее все просто, отправляем Bitcoin на указанный адрес и ждем пополнения баланса в течении 30 мин - 1 дня. После чего можем переходить к покупкам.
📷
Пополнение через обменник
Этот способ подойдет тем у кого - мало времени и много денег. На площадке Hydra Onion длительное время работает система обменников. Тут действия выполняются в несколько шагов:
  1. Переходим во вкладку «обмен».
  2. Выбираем удобный для нас способ оплаты: QIWI, Yandex, SIM, VISA.
  3. В сплывшем окне вводим сумму необходимую для пополнения.
  4. Соглашаемся с условиями обменника.
  5. Переводим указанную сумму на представленный кошелек и нажимаем я оплатил.
  6. Ожидаем поступления денежных средств.
  7. Приятных покупок на HYDRA.
Hydra Onion - как происходит покупка на сайте
  1. Выберете город, интересующий Вас район, необходимое количество товара и нажмите «Купить»
  2. Вы попадаете на страницу подтверждения товара, тут мы видим два варианта покупки, упомянутые ранее : 1) покупка за киви (помните об одноразовой ссылке) 2) покупка с Вашего баланса за биткоины
  3. Во всех случаях помните, что ссылка одноразовая, нужно скопировать отдельно содержимое ссылки
  4. Если у Вас возникли проблемы и нужны пояснения по кладу, то нажав на соответствующую кнопку вы свяжетесь с продавцом
  5. В случае если продавец не может ответить на интересующие Вас вопросы, смело вызывайте модератора в чат Hydra Onion
Гидра товары
Моментальные магазины Гидра - работают при помощи закладок и прикопов в любом городе, предлагающие огромный ассортимент товаров и услуг. Спам который вы так ждали: амфетамин, спайс, гашиш, чистейший кокаин, героин, лсд. Документы, удостоверяющие любую личность, услуги частного адвоката, пробив номера, программы для электронных устройств и многое другое. Все доступно на официальном сайте магазина hydra.
Как зайти на Гидра в DarkNet
Существует два основных способа попасть на Гидру через Tor. Первый способ подойдет любому пользователю и не потребует множество усилий. Второй же вариант, для более продвинутых пользователей сети DarkNet.
Гидра через тор
Итак для первого способа нам потребуется зайти на официальный сайт TOR Browser и скачать браузер оттуда. Далее просто его устанавливаем. В появившейся адресной строке вводим домен официальной Гидры - https://hydrarunewzxp4af-onion.info/ И все, мы оказались на официальном сайте, просто входим в свой аккаунт и приступаем к покупкам.
Hydra через SSH
Данный вариант подойдет пользователям, у которых имеется в наличии анонимный сервер поддерживающий соединения SOCKS5. Для этого нам необходимо открыть канал SSH с адресом Гидры и ввести специальный PGP ключ, который был изначально привязан к нашему аккаунту. Далее можно совершать любые покупки.
Любимые магазины
Гидра позволила множеству магазинов открыть собственные доменные адреса, на случай если основное зеркало закрыто. Данную информацию можно найти непосредственно на официальной странице магазина Hydra.
Остались вопросы о Гидре?Насколько безопасно пользоваться HYDRA?
Наши инженеры - лучшие специалисты по кибербезопасности, самые современные технологии обеспечивают 100% анонимность и безопасность.
Как войти на Hydra?
Для этого нужно просто перейти по
Что делать если сайт заблокируют?
Не секрет, что с недавних пор правительство активно взялось за интернет и анонимность в частности, поэтому для наибольшего удобства мы создали несколько зеркал нашего сайта, если какое-то зеркало не работает -пробуйте
Что делать если я не получил свой товар?
Действительно, из-за некоторых людей, которые занимаются поиском чужих товаров, такая ситуация возможна. После покупки вы имеете 24 часа на обжалование, в данном случае администрация HYDRA в срочном порядке рассмотрит вашу жалобу и справедливо разрешит возникшую ситуацию.
Итоги о Hydra зеркало - Гидра ссылка
Гидра - это Ваш выбор, если хотите быстро и удобно покупать товары по лучшим ценам, а также не переживать за сохранность своих данных. Более 4000 тысяч магазинов и 100000 товаров ждут Вас на официальном сайте Гидра онион. Переходи на сайт и убедись сам!
submitted by hydrashophydra to u/hydrashophydra [link] [comments]

Гидра онион - официальный сайт

Сайт Hydra onion Рабочие ссылки

Рады приветствовать Вас на сайте Hydra. Доступ теперь осуществляется не только из TOR, но и через обычный браузер. Анонимная система оплаты через bitcoin. Личный чат с системой PriveNote. Безопасная система кладов, авто-гарант. Площадка засеяна продавцами со всей России и СНГ. Успей сохранить рабочие ссылки на Гидру, чтобы не потерять.

О Hydra onion

Гидра - площадка по продаже запрещенных товаров, собранных со всего DarkNet, подробнее. История сайта берет свое начало в 2015 году. С новой системой кладов, без сбоев в работе, она сумела быстро завоевать доверие пользователей со всего интернета. Также огромное количество продавцов перешедших с RAMP, стало развивать экономику Гидры. При переходе по ссылке перед Вами будут представлены самые авторитетные среди них. Нахождение в ТОПе обеспечивается благодаря отзывам покупателей и проведении тайных закупок со стороны модераторов. Можете доверять этим магазинам с полной уверенностью и совершать на них первые покупки.
📷

Зеркала Гидры рабочие в ClearNet

Ввиду огромного наплыва правоохранительных органов на площадку зеркала Гидры часто блокируют. Успей добавить наш сайт в закладки, чтобы не потерять. Существует только два рабочих зеркала одновременно. На hydra постоянно представлены актуальный ссылки:

Сайт Гидра - экономика

Магазины на сайте

Благодаря системе отзывов и ранжирования магазинов на Hydra, множество продавцов начало вести ожесточенную борьбу между собой за новых клиентов. По итогу этих состязании оставались только магазины с высоким качеством и огромным разнообразием товаров. Таким образом открылись следующие возможности для покупателей и площадки:
  1. не осталось фальшивых магазинов с низкокачественным сортом товаров
  2. качество продукции на сайт Гидра онион растет с каждым днем
  3. удобство по выбору товара для пользователей
  4. честность в решении спорных вопросов
  5. безопасность данных клиентов

Валюта площадки

Прежде чем приступить к приобретению товаров, необходимо разобраться с пополнением баланса. На Hydra Onion работает полностью анонимная валюта - bitcoin. Ввиду того, что ее невозможно отследить, личные данные пользователей остаются в полной сохранности и безопасности. Существует два способа ее приобретения на площадке:

Прямое пополнение через мой счет

Для прямого пополнения счета на Гидре Вам уже необходимо иметь в наличии некоторую сумму Bitcoin. Ее можно приобрести на LocalBitcoins. Первым делом нужно перейти во вкладку «мой счет», которая находится справа сверху. Перед Вами откроется окно с балансом аккаунта, а также личным биткоин-кошельком, на который и необходимо переводить денежные суммы. Далее все просто, отправляем Bitcoin на указанный адрес и ждем пополнения баланса в течении 30 мин - 1 дня. После чего можем переходить к покупкам.
📷

Пополнение через обменник

Этот способ подойдет тем у кого - мало времени и много денег. На площадке Hydra Onion длительное время работает система обменников. Тут действия выполняются в несколько шагов:
  1. Переходим во вкладку «обмен».
  2. Выбираем удобный для нас способ оплаты: QIWI, Yandex, SIM, VISA.
  3. В сплывшем окне вводим сумму необходимую для пополнения.
  4. Соглашаемся с условиями обменника.
  5. Переводим указанную сумму на представленный кошелек и нажимаем я оплатил.
  6. Ожидаем поступления денежных средств.
  7. Приятных покупок на HYDRA.

Hydra Onion - как происходит покупка на сайте

  1. Выберете город, интересующий Вас район, необходимое количество товара и нажмите «Купить»
  2. Вы попадаете на страницу подтверждения товара, тут мы видим два варианта покупки, упомянутые ранее : 1) покупка за киви (помните об одноразовой ссылке) 2) покупка с Вашего баланса за биткоины
  3. Во всех случаях помните, что ссылка одноразовая, нужно скопировать отдельно содержимое ссылки
  4. Если у Вас возникли проблемы и нужны пояснения по кладу, то нажав на соответствующую кнопку вы свяжетесь с продавцом
  5. В случае если продавец не может ответить на интересующие Вас вопросы, смело вызывайте модератора в чат Hydra Onion

Гидра товары

Моментальные магазины Гидра - работают при помощи закладок и прикопов в любом городе, предлагающие огромный ассортимент товаров и услуг. Спам который вы так ждали: амфетамин, спайс, гашиш, чистейший кокаин, героин, лсд. Документы, удостоверяющие любую личность, услуги частного адвоката, пробив номера, программы для электронных устройств и многое другое. Все доступно на официальном сайте магазина hydra.

Как зайти на Гидра в DarkNet

Существует два основных способа попасть на Гидру через Tor. Первый способ подойдет любому пользователю и не потребует множество усилий. Второй же вариант, для более продвинутых пользователей сети DarkNet.

Гидра через тор

Итак для первого способа нам потребуется зайти на официальный сайт TOR Browser и скачать браузер оттуда. Далее просто его устанавливаем. В появившейся адресной строке вводим домен официальной Гидры - https://hydrarunewzxp4af-onion.info/ И все, мы оказались на официальном сайте, просто входим в свой аккаунт и приступаем к покупкам.

Hydra через SSH

Данный вариант подойдет пользователям, у которых имеется в наличии анонимный сервер поддерживающий соединения SOCKS5. Для этого нам необходимо открыть канал SSH с адресом Гидры и ввести специальный PGP ключ, который был изначально привязан к нашему аккаунту. Далее можно совершать любые покупки.

Любимые магазины

Гидра позволила множеству магазинов открыть собственные доменные адреса, на случай если основное зеркало закрыто. Данную информацию можно найти непосредственно на официальной странице магазина Hydra.

Остались вопросы о Гидре?

Насколько безопасно пользоваться HYDRA?

Наши инженеры - лучшие специалисты по кибербезопасности, самые современные технологии обеспечивают 100% анонимность и безопасность.

Как войти на Hydra?

Для этого нужно просто перейти по

Что делать если сайт заблокируют?

Не секрет, что с недавних пор правительство активно взялось за интернет и анонимность в частности, поэтому для наибольшего удобства мы создали несколько зеркал нашего сайта, если какое-то зеркало не работает -пробуйте

Что делать если я не получил свой товар?

Действительно, из-за некоторых людей, которые занимаются поиском чужих товаров, такая ситуация возможна. После покупки вы имеете 24 часа на обжалование, в данном случае администрация HYDRA в срочном порядке рассмотрит вашу жалобу и справедливо разрешит возникшую ситуацию.

Итоги о Hydra зеркало - Гидра ссылка

Гидра - это Ваш выбор, если хотите быстро и удобно покупать товары по лучшим ценам, а также не переживать за сохранность своих данных. Более 4000 тысяч магазинов и 100000 товаров ждут Вас на официальном сайте Гидра онион. Переходи на сайт и убедись сам!
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Hydra onion - hydrarupzxnew4af com

Сайт Hydra onion Рабочие ссылки

Рады приветствовать Вас на сайте Hydra. Доступ теперь осуществляется не только из TOR, но и через обычный браузер. Анонимная система оплаты через bitcoin. Личный чат с системой PriveNote. Безопасная система кладов, авто-гарант. Площадка засеяна продавцами со всей России и СНГ. Успей сохранить рабочие ссылки на Гидру, чтобы не потерять.
Вход на Гидру

О Hydra onion

Гидра - площадка по продаже запрещенных товаров, собранных со всего DarkNet, подробнее. История сайта берет свое начало в 2015 году. С новой системой кладов, без сбоев в работе, она сумела быстро завоевать доверие пользователей со всего интернета. Также огромное количество продавцов перешедших с RAMP, стало развивать экономику Гидры. При переходе по ссылке перед Вами будут представлены самые авторитетные среди них. Нахождение в ТОПе обеспечивается благодаря отзывам покупателей и проведении тайных закупок со стороны модераторов. Можете доверять этим магазинам с полной уверенностью и совершать на них первые покупки.
📷

Зеркала Гидры рабочие в ClearNet

Ввиду огромного наплыва правоохранительных органов на площадку зеркала Гидры часто блокируют. Успей добавить наш сайт в закладки, чтобы не потерять. Существует только два рабочих зеркала одновременно. На hydra постоянно представлены актуальный ссылки:

Сайт Гидра - экономика

Магазины на сайте

Благодаря системе отзывов и ранжирования магазинов на Hydra, множество продавцов начало вести ожесточенную борьбу между собой за новых клиентов. По итогу этих состязании оставались только магазины с высоким качеством и огромным разнообразием товаров. Таким образом открылись следующие возможности для покупателей и площадки:
  1. не осталось фальшивых магазинов с низкокачественным сортом товаров
  2. качество продукции на сайт Гидра онион растет с каждым днем
  3. удобство по выбору товара для пользователей
  4. честность в решении спорных вопросов
  5. безопасность данных клиентов

Валюта площадки

Прежде чем приступить к приобретению товаров, необходимо разобраться с пополнением баланса. На Hydra Onion работает полностью анонимная валюта - bitcoin. Ввиду того, что ее невозможно отследить, личные данные пользователей остаются в полной сохранности и безопасности. Существует два способа ее приобретения на площадке:

Прямое пополнение через мой счет

Для прямого пополнения счета на Гидре Вам уже необходимо иметь в наличии некоторую сумму Bitcoin. Ее можно приобрести на LocalBitcoins. Первым делом нужно перейти во вкладку «мой счет», которая находится справа сверху. Перед Вами откроется окно с балансом аккаунта, а также личным биткоин-кошельком, на который и необходимо переводить денежные суммы. Далее все просто, отправляем Bitcoin на указанный адрес и ждем пополнения баланса в течении 30 мин - 1 дня. После чего можем переходить к покупкам.
submitted by hydrashophydra to u/hydrashophydra [link] [comments]

Why UMI is a Step toward a Free Financial World

Why UMI is a Step toward a Free Financial World

https://preview.redd.it/sk4qzvg2o5p51.jpg?width=1024&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=42c422967888ffb44288e1cf7b8e9b4ffd6e20a1
Quite recently, the world has seen a remarkable event — an anonymous bitcoin whale sent a total of $2.24 billion in a series of transactions. Large transactions are certainly not uncommon for the bitcoin network. Whale Alert — blockchain tracker and analytics system — regularly reports large and interesting transactions. Although $2.24 billion is the largest ever cryptocurrency transfer, the most remarkable thing about this event is not the transfer amount but the incredibly little fee the sender paid for the transaction — less than $1. With no checkups and intermediaries.
If such a transfer had happened a few years ago, it would have considered abnormal and unreal. Today it is a matter of fact. With each passing day, using cryptocurrency for making transfers is getting more attractive than bank transfers. The UMI network, which enables instant payments with no fees, fits in best with new realities. Let's explore this issue.
Freedom from Bank Charges
The BTC whale sent the above-mentioned amount in seven successive transactions within one hour. The total amount was 241,500 BTC, which was equivalent to $2.24 bln. Each transfer cost around 0.0001 BTC or just $0.93, giving a total of about $6.51 for the seven transfers.
Let's compare now how much you would be charged for an identical transfer in a bank.
In big banks, the international transfer fee is at least 1% of the amount, but it is often higher than that depending on the conditions. For instance, the VISA system charges 1 to 10% of the transaction amount for an international transfer (minimum of $10). Therefore, the more you transfer, the more you pay for it. To transfer the above-mentioned amount via a bank, a customer would have to part with as much as $22.4 mln (!!!), in the best-case scenario — that is if the fee is the minimum 1%. In other words, a bank would make a fortune — virtually at the drop of a hat, making no effort whatsoever — by simply taking someone's money. What makes it more absurd is that banks intend to further raise their fees amid coronavirus pandemic.
Cryptocurrencies are a completely different story. In most cryptocurrency networks, fees do not depend on the transaction amount — the same fee could be charged for transferring $1 or $1 bln. In the cryptocurrency world, it doesn't matter how much money you transfer. If you make a big transfer, no one makes you pay the “tithe”. With UMI, you don't have to pay anything to anyone — not a dime. But we'll get back to this a little later.
Freedom from Excessive Limits and Unneeded Checkups
First, let's consider another important factor — the very possibility to make unhindered transfers of large amounts via bank especially foreign transfers. The irony is that even if someone chooses to pay this multi-million dollar fee, the transfer would far from being 100% successful.
In most countries, including the Russian Federation, a $22 bln transaction would be virtually impossible to run in a state-owned bank, let alone private banks. Even going through a bunch of mandatory procedures as well as wasting lots of nerves and time wouldn't save the day. This is why a payment of this size is virtually impossible:
  1. The overwhelming majority of the world's banks just don't happen to have such large amounts on their correspondent accounts. Even if we assume they do have sufficient funds on the books, this money doesn't just sit idle — bankers use it in their own favor, for instance, to grant loans, make deposit payments, etc. No bank would agree to send all its reserve funds to another bank on your orders. Moreover, banks have no right to violate the law in terms of reserve requirements, including currency norms. And processing such a large amount contradicts the established rules and regulations. So, even if money is technically recorded on the customer's account, transferring it to another bank, especially in a foreign country, is still a virtually impossible task.
  2. In almost all states transactions of this scale are only allowed on the level of governments, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, or mega-tycoons with a declared multi-billion dollar income, such as Bill Gates, Warren Buffett, and the like. In other words, only customers with a special status can make especially large transfers without restrictions. Any “abnormal” transactions fall under suspicion and automatically frozen. If you have always run $500 transactions on a monthly basis, any incoming or outgoing $10,000 transfer would most probably be frozen. Let alone billions of dollars. An average owner of a large business will only be allowed to transfer billions of dollars after they get approval from FATF on an individual basis. Obviously, they must also be verified using KYC (Know Your Customer) and AML (Anti-money laundering) procedures and must establish the provenance of each dime they transfer. They have to do all this to transfer THEIR money, with a huge fee of billions of dollars.
  3. The situation is even worse because it is equally true for receiving monetary transfers. In other words, if you have a large amount successfully transferred to you, there is no guarantee that you can use this money. Sadly, even if the money leaves the sender's bank, the recipient's bank can instantly freeze it. On the very same day, you could get a visit from bank or government officials along with the state security service and a special interrogation. If you cannot provide provenance data for the funds, the transfer could easily remain frozen for good. Naturally, this system opens the doors for various types of abuse of power and manipulation by bankers, governments, and state services.
For the existing banking system, any big transaction makes you a suspect of some manipulations resulting in a frozen transfer. More importantly, it isn't only true for multi-billion or multi-million transfers. Any transaction involving hundreds of thousands, dozens of thousands, or simply thousands of dollars may be deemed suspicious and sanctioned. It means that anyone who runs relatively big transactions runs the risk of encountering certain problems at any time.
Cryptocurrencies are a step toward free transfers
The above-described situation proves that digital money helps people get rid of many problems related to bank transfers: high fees, payment amount limits, specification of personal data, verification procedures. With digital money, you don't have to prove or explain anything. This is a real revolution that makes people free from fees and manipulation. Cryptocurrencies allow people to be a master of their funds and no one has the power to change this. No one charges you crazy fees and no one can steal your coins.
With each passing minute, cryptocurrencies are becoming part of our life, and rather than profit from trading, investment, mining, or staking, they are regarded as a convenient way of sending funds. Only cryptocurrencies make people feel completely safe and allow them to transfer whatever amount wherever they want. This is a huge step towards changing the existing financial system, and it has already been made.
But UMI Goes Even Further
It may appear that problem with bank fees concerns only large businessmen. In real fact, regular people living live paycheck to paycheck are more sensitive to this issue. Being on a tight budget, most people have to pay for any bank transaction.
You always pay fees charged by banks — when you pay utility bills, buy online, deposit money to your bank card, receive money, transfer money between your accounts or withdraw cash from an ATM. Overall, bank fees cost people a lot of money. It's curious to know how much your pay banks every year for mediation.
Now let's see how you can make transactions using UMI.
In terms of fees, UMI is more profitable than banks and even more profitable than most of the other cryptocurrencies, including bitcoin. There are no fees in the UMI network at all, even hidden ones. All transactions are instant. That is, if you sent $2.24 billion through the UMI network, it would be instant and completely free. There are no limits, verifications, and other nervous procedures. Instant, free, and secure — here and now.
This is the key advantage of UMI as a payment instrument. Our cryptocurrency empowers all people — from large businessmen to factory workers — with profitable and absolutely safe funds transfers. UMI gives all people around the globe equal opportunities. This is the next step toward a free financial world. We are the first to make it.
Sincerely yours, UMI team
submitted by UMITop to u/UMITop [link] [comments]

Why UMI Will Not Fall Victim to Inflation: Dispelling Myths of “Deadly Issue”

Why UMI Will Not Fall Victim to Inflation: Dispelling Myths of “Deadly Issue”
https://preview.redd.it/lr1w0ukh2ik51.jpg?width=1024&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=b413e6e6b2e94d2e9522571040151826b7874e77
With UMI staking, anyone anywhere in the world can generate new coins at the rate of up to 40 % a month, or up to 5,669 % a year, with no risk of falling victim to fraudsters. It means new opportunities for humanity which never existed before. However, many people who are used to miserable interests on bank deposits and financial pyramids that last a few months at most cannot understand what makes this possible. How can you safely earn up to 40 % a month with no risk of losing it all?
Sceptics cannot wrap their minds around this which makes them suspect there’s a catch to it. Therefore, it should come as no surprise that you can find various myths about UMI's “deadly issue” on forums and social networks. The most popular among them say that you simply cannot ensure long-term operation with this kind of “super-high income” and no one has any idea what will happen to this cryptocurrency in 10 or more years. Here's a forecast from sceptics, briefly: “deposits” with this percentage are simply impossible, it will inevitably cause hyperinflation, UMI cryptocurrency will devalue, and will share the fate of currencies in some of the less fortunate countries, such as Zimbabwe or Venezuela.
To counter these allegations, we've prepared a detailed article with arguments dispelling all these myths, nullifying all “forecasts” and putting the lid on this issue. Here we go!
What's the value behind the forecasts?
First of all, 10 or more years is too much of a long term, and forecasting so far in advance is simply impossible. Don't take us wrong here: it's not just about cryptocurrencies; it's about anything in the world. There was a time when people thought pagers, faxes, and landline phones had cheerful prospects, but look at what happened to them. They have been replaced by smartphones and the Internet accessible to all which no one believed was possible in the first place. New technologies emerge out of the blue and transform the world beyond recognition. The old — something everyone is used to — is replaced with something new and more
convenient. Something better.
10 years ago people believed in developing bank technologies, but then, all of a sudden, Bitcoin was created and transformed people's understanding of financial payments. It turned out anyone in the world can make payments with no intermediaries and generate new digital money. It's true that Bitcoin is not perfect, but millions use it all over the world. This number is also growing fast with each passing day.
Do you remember forecasts made for Bitcoin when it first appeared? Both ordinary people and respected world-class experts predicted it would soon die. No one believed it could last for even 10 years.

https://preview.redd.it/q1kzcxfw2ik51.png?width=800&format=png&auto=webp&s=17a12d73b9046a357cf6ecd77253472215c8bb24
Typical article predicting the end of Bitcoin from respected mass media. Source.

Here're some graphic examples from the leading world-class mass media:
“That's the End of Bitcoin.” Forbes, 2011, BTC price — $15.
“Bitcoin is headed to the ash heap.” USA Today, 2015, BTC price — $208.
“R.I.P., Bitcoin. It’s time to move on.” The Washington Post, 2016, BTC price — $382.
“Stay away from bitcoin and ethereum — they are complete garbage.” This is garbage." MarketWatch, 2017, BTC price — $2,345.
“Is Bitcoin Going To Zero?” Forbes, 2018, BTC price — $3,432.
In 2020, the BTC price is almost $12,000. The respected mass media have “declared Bitcoin dead” over 400 times (!!!) referring to its lack of backing, high issue rate, super-high price growth, and the like — just like the skeptics “declaring UMI dead” right now. However, despite all the discouraging forecasts, Bitcoin continues to successfully grow and rapidly gain in popularity.

https://preview.redd.it/6z60xwd13ik51.png?width=791&format=png&auto=webp&s=25a6799fe551c6e7f91aa016907e95ce032d7e5e
Over 12 years, Bitcoin has been declared dead 381 times, but it only grows stronger with each passing year. Source.

All of the above is proof that you shouldn't put blind trust in various forecasts, even coming from respected sources. Forecasts are mere opinions and arguments, but no one can know for
sure what will happen in 10, 100, or 1,000 years. No expert can know that. Similarly, no one knows what will happen to UMI many years from now.
UMI can solve any issues on the fly
We cannot know the future, but we did all we could to make our coin last forever. Most existing cryptocurrencies have a very important problem — they cannot support high-quality growth and rapidly become obsolete.
To explain this, we'd like to quote our Whitepaper:
"Despite the apparition of new technology solutions, the Bitcoin blockchain still holds only about 2,000 transactions, and it takes about 10 minutes to create a block. In 11 years, developers still did not manage to come to an agreement and implement a solution that would allow scaling the system and upgrade performance.
Most other cryptocurrencies face a similar problem. They are launched and keep operating in an almost initial state even after numerous innovative solutions become available. For example, the Ethereum network has been attempting to switch to the PoS algorithm for over two years now, but due to code complexity, security threats, and issues of reaching consensus, this causes great inconvenience."
https://preview.redd.it/ezxzrpx43ik51.png?width=800&format=png&auto=webp&s=207f8a27a59fac760fc541dae6abd30d148296f5
Screenshot of a page in the UMI Whitepaper. Have you read it? It answers a lot of questions. Link.

Bitcoin itself is technically obsolete. This is besides the fact that it has a load of other problems. For instance, BTC is supposed to completely stop coin mining in 2140, meaning miners will lose motivation to support the network. What happens then? The hope is that the main source of income for miners will be transfer fees, but will they want to maintain powerful equipment for a reward in the form of small fees? If fees are big, will people want to pay those? Will they find a different solution? Will users just leave the Bitcoin ecosystem and join more high-tech cryptocurrencies like UMI?
When we designed UMI, we accounted for all these issues and launched a promising project with a conveniently scalable ecosystem. Even if UMI faces some challenges in the future, we will make amendments as the network grows. We will act as appropriate judging from the project's current status. They will be based on the situation and the current state of the project.
It's true that upgrade decisions have been and are being made by all leading crypto projects, including Bitcoin and Ethereum, but UMI supports really safe and rapid innovation. The network can be easily modified and scaled with cutting edge technology solutions. While other cryptocurrencies simply become obsolete, we can handle all kinds of challenges on the fly. The UMI network will grow and improve to be always up to date, keep up with the times, and prevent problems in 10, 100, or 1,000 years.
At this point, the UMI network is in excellent shape, and the smart contract offers you relevant and actionable staking opportunities. We've thought out every detail, and the brisk growth of our community proves it best of all.
There is no "deadly inflation"
And, lastly, let's bring an issue with supposedly too-high emission to a close. UMI is typically accused of paying a too high reward for staking — as much as 40% a month, or 5,669% a year — which no one and nothing else in this world can pay. Eventually, it might end up with inflation as it happened in Zimbabwe and Venezuela, etc.,
Let us look at real facts. Those who consider a 40% monthly growth impossible should look at bitcoin again as the most outstanding example which has proven that nothing is impossible. Imagine how many times your deposit would have grown if 10 years ago you had bought bitcoins or inexpensive mining equipment producing a reward of 50 BTC several times a day.
Please consider the following:
In March 2010, BitcoinMarket.com started operating as the first bitcoin exchange, and 1 BTC cost a lot less than a cent — $0.003.
At the time of writing this article, the price for 1BTC was about $12,000.
It means those who bought bitcoins 10 years ago have increased their "deposit" by nearly 400,000,000% (!!!). Four hundred million percent in ten years! This is a real fact.
Those who bought bitcoins when the price was a few cents or dollars also achieved the perfect result by increasing their "deposit" by thousand or million times.
Well, now the percentage in UMI staking doesn't seem so crazy, does it? The only difference
is that BTC "deposit" grows in line with the BTC price while UMI deposit growth is ensured the growth of the number of UMI coins, which in turn doesn't prevent the price from surging. In fact, both cases demonstrate a multiple growth of the "deposit".
All of the above is proof that the reason for inflation in Zimbabwe, Venezuela, etc is a bad economy, not a high emission. In late March. roughly speaking, in one day, the FED (U.S. Federal Reserve System) released 2.2 trillion dollars to support the economy during the coronavirus pandemic. Similar financial injections are regular in the USA, the country which is the most advanced world's economy.
These facts indicate that UMI has no "deadly issue" at all and, unlike the USA, it doesn't "print" anything.
Here is bare statistics form the UMI blockchain:
The UMI cryptocurrency was launched on June 1. Since the launch, it's been 3 months.
18,000,000 UMI coins were initially issued.
In total, there are now about 18,800,000 UMI coins.
In other words, in three months, the total number of UMI coins increased by only 4.4%. Does it look like "deadly inflation"?

https://preview.redd.it/gsdjbwp83ik51.png?width=800&format=png&auto=webp&s=8d4591a24b3ddc63f8501f1b7fe7a4c02b7da89c
In 3 months, the number of UMI coins has shown a few percent increase. Source.

Let's move on:
We'd like to reiterate that the total number of UMI coins is almost 18,800,000.
There are about 14,500,000 coins on the genesis address today.
Almost 4,000,000 coins are involved in staking.
Thus, only 300,000 UMI (!)are freely circulated on the market. The remaining 18,500,000 coins are either used in staking or have not yet been released to the market.
https://preview.redd.it/f7b28jid3ik51.png?width=800&format=png&auto=webp&s=5ff8338121ebfe398cfb498a0cfcc00446ea6225
The number of coins stored on the genesis address at the time of writing the article. Source.

In real fact, UMI has no super-high emission. This fact has been proven. For a three-month period, which is a quarter of a year, the number of UMI has hardly changed and equals about 1.5% of the total number of coins on the market.
The truth is that UMI economy depends on a lot of factors. For example, burning 50,000 coins to create a structure. However, from a more general point of view, the UMI economic model itself is designed to encourage people to "save" rather than sell UMI coins. This is a crucial point that allows us to make progress, even with a high emission.
Moreover, it will take a billion-dollar staking structure that will be able to provide the highest possible emission on the UMI network a lot of years to appear. While it doesn't happen, all these forecasts can be regarded as irrelevant for today. Keep in mind that a 40% monthly profit will be available to the most successful structures and only after many years of development. To have your coins increased by 40% per month, your structure must have over 50 (!) times more coins than the number of coins initially generated by the network. And since this structure will do everything possible for the benefit of the UMI cryptocurrency, even 40% per month will not pose a risk to UMI's sustainable development.
Conclusions are as follows:
UMI offers no kind of "killing sky-high returns". Please don't take this myth seriously. UMI is growing. The current smart contract offers reasonable and up-to-date opportunities for UMI staking and poses no problem. If, however, a problem arises — we have all the tools to find an immediate solution. All these negative forecasts are not worth a brass farthing. They always have been and always will be. At all times and in all places. But they are highly unlikely to come true. Bitcoin outsmarted the most reputable and shrewd financial analysts. Why don't UMI, which is a lot more advanced than bitcoin, try to do the same?
UMI is a decentralized, strong, and high-tech network. It can exist the way it is now forever. But as it grows, it will improve to be always up to date, keep up with the times and prevent any problems. We are contributing to a great thing — we're creating a free economic system that will profitable for the entire human family. This is an opportunity to overcome social inequality and make regular people financially independent. So let's make every effort to make things go well. Ignore all evil-wishers and their predictions. Just join other users and go towards your dream. Then we will certainly succeed in it all.
Sincerely yours, UMI team
submitted by UMITop to u/UMITop [link] [comments]

Why Ethereum Problems Make UMI the Flagship Among the New Generation Cryptocurrencies

Why Ethereum Problems Make UMI the Flagship Among the New Generation Cryptocurrencies

https://preview.redd.it/8skuypxp9lj51.jpg?width=1023&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=ba5a38ba592428f92dc7c1943a780ff127132875
Ethereum cryptocurrency that comes second in terms of capitalization on the crypto market is traditionally seen as fast and profitable. However, over the last few weeks it's had a rough patch. Since early August, the network has had huge queues of transactions pending processing while fees have skyrocketed and surpassed the historical high.
The main issue though is that even fees of a few dollars per transfer don't help get rid of the“traffic jams”. The cause of this is numerous DeFi projects and a huge number of financial pyramids based on the Ethereum platform. Both generate excessive load on the network.
The situation is downright unpleasant, and our users might question whether the UMI network could face a similar challenge? We'd like to assure you it could not. The UMI network is by default protected against these problems — it cannot have “traffic jams”, fees or financial pyramids. But first things first.
How has the Ethereum network ground to a halt?
In its report dated August 4, Arcane Research that provides analysis within the field of cryptocurrency stated that over the previous week the daily size of transaction fees in the Ethereum network has surged up to a record high for over two and a half years. On August 3, the median value #%D0%9F%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%BC%D0%B5%D1%80_%D0%B8%D1%81%D0%BF%D0%BE%D0%BB%D1%8C%D0%B7%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B8%D1%8F)of the fee amounted to $0.82, with the overall amount of transaction fees totaling $2 mln. However, it only signaled the start of real problems.
Over the next week, fees continued to grow and by August 11 the median fee value almost doubled equaling $1.57. Larry Cermak, an expert at a big analytical and news-making crypto portal The Block, wrote in his August 15 tweet that over a week the total amount of transaction fees in the Ethereum network totaled $34.5 mln, having surpassed its historical high. Meanwhile, in the Bitcoin network that is seen as too expensive the fees were almost four times lower at $9 mln.
The total fee amount paid by cryptocurrency users over a week:
  • Ethereum — $34.5 mln;
  • Bitcoin — $9 mln;
  • Monero — $2,240;
  • Tezos — $1,876;
  • Cardano — $1,615;
  • XRP — $1,138;
  • BSV — $1,102;
  • Stellar — $1,059;
  • Bitcoin Cash — $1,027;
  • UMI — $0. Let's talk about it a little later.

https://preview.redd.it/z9azd9v6alj51.png?width=1600&format=png&auto=webp&s=25c365d6e14665ecda4a2b8d19b2fc57dd5cde1e
Historical Growth Chart for Ethereum Fees. Source
The existing situation shows that Ethereum is actually not as fast and profitable as commonly cited. Additionally, this could happen to almost any cryptocurrency except UMI that charges no fees whatsoever. We will tell you why.
Why have these problems emerged?
There is nothing unoriginal: the Ethereum network simply can't handle an increased load. Arcane Research analysts consider that a principal cause of this situation is the constantly increasing number of the DeFi ecosystem projects built on the Ethereum blockchain. Their number is growing all the time which causes the overload of the network. As of August 12, the total amount of funds in DeFi applications reached $4.3 billion which is 19.5% higher than that in the past week. At the time of writing this article, the amount surged to $6.21 billion. You can see the current data here. What is the most unpleasant about DeFi protocols is that a lot of them are scam projects.
Which is not the worst part though. There is also another factor that significantly slows down the Ethereum network. There are a lot of pyramid-like projects that are built on the EOS platform and use smart contracts. One of them is SmartWay Forsage, which regularly overloads the network with a large number of transactions, causes traffic jams, and, consequently, leads to increased fees (keep in mind that Ethereum miners choose transactions with a higher commission). Vitalik Buterin, the co-founder of Ethereum, revealed his disapproval of the SmartWay Forsage methodology and asked them to "leave and not pollute Ethereum ecology in the future". However, the project is slow to do this — it continues to deceive users.
This is only the tip of the iceberg of scam projects which abounds on the EOS network –– they continually emerge, work for a while, then go down as scams and are replaced with new ones. This never-ending stream of "investment projects" based on the Ponzi scheme overloads the system. This is the reason why Adam Back, a pioneer of the crypto industry and founder of the technology company Blockstream, equated Ethereum with such infamous projects as Onecoin and Bitconnect. Adam Back's solid dig at Ethereum became the subject of much debate among crypto enthusiasts.
Of course, it all doesn't mean that Ethereum is a bad cryptocurrency. On the contrary, it has a lot of advantages over other coins. But all that has happened exposes Ethereum's faults which must be eliminated. The problem is that they may not be fixable. It is far from certain that the developers will be able to get rid of all the defects as the system has huge scalability problems.
The crypto community has to admit that Ethereum, like other first-generation cryptocurrencies, has issues with capacity, fees, and scalability and is gradually becoming obsolete.
2020 is the time for young innovative cryptocurrencies such as UMI.
UMI is the flagship of new-generation cryptocurrencies.
In real fact, any cryptocurrency could face it. Each cryptocurrency charges fees which typically surge when the network is overloaded or the price is going up. Everyone will remember 2017 when in line with price growth and the network's overload Bitcoin transaction fee reached a high of around $40.
But when it comes to UMI, it works the other way round. The UMI network's advantages are high capacity, no fees, and scaling possibilities. It uses the best and fastest crypto industry solutions and excludes all inefficient methods by default. Smart optimization in combination with the Proof-of-Authority technology operating on the master node basis enables almost instant payments.
At the stage of network testing, an incredibly high capacity was achieved:
  • up to 4,369 transactions per second;
  • up to 262,140 transactions per minute;
  • up to 15,728,400 transactions per hour;
  • up to 377,481,600 transactions per day.
Ethereum processes about 20 transactions per second. It means that the UMI network can process transactions that Ethereum processes over a year in 1 to 5 days — and with no fees.
https://preview.redd.it/rwohnov3alj51.png?width=1125&format=png&auto=webp&s=4329b75c0bd8b7a22276b529f5ca433d17a0874f
The UMI network can process transactions that Ethereum processes over a year in a few days and with no fees. More details
What is more important is that less than 0.001% of the network's overall potential is used now. The UMI network has a lot of reserve capacity and can handle hundreds of thousands of times heavier load. Moreover, with scaling possibilities, UMI can keep up with the times. The UMI code ensures the safe introduction of any upgrades — the network can be easily modified and scaled with cutting edge technology solutions. In other words, traffic jams will never pose a problem for us. UMI will instantly process all transactions, with no fees. Always.
https://preview.redd.it/t0068th0alj51.png?width=544&format=png&auto=webp&s=019f46ec8c093480c4638cf098312a5a146134a8
A real-time speedometer displays the number of transactions processed by the UMI network per second. Link
Additionally, unlike Ethereum and other cryptocurrencies, the UMI's staking smart contract prevents possibilities of any pyramid schemes, meaning eliminates their negative influence. Our staking is completely safe and secured against scammers. Read more about this in our article. Any UMI staking structure could work forever. In other words, you can multiply your coins at a rate of up to 40% per month for an indefinitely long period of time.
UMI doesn't inherit the disadvantages of the first-generation cryptocurrencies. This is an innovative, carefully designed network based on state-of-the-art technologies. UMI is an ambitious step toward the future. And we're making it together right now!
Sincerely yours, UMI team
submitted by UMITop to u/UMITop [link] [comments]

A Glance at the Heart: Proof-of-Authority Technology in the UMI Network

A Glance at the Heart: Proof-of-Authority Technology in the UMI Network

https://preview.redd.it/vhvj6v093df51.jpg?width=1024&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=00c0c223d9758edec8ed49a8cb9024f96d3ee343
Greetings from the UMI Team! Our Whitepaper describes in detail the key pros and cons of the two mechanisms which the great majority of other cryptocurrencies are based on:
Proof-of-Work (PoW) — mining technology. Used in Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, Monero, etc.
Proof-of-Stake (PoS) and its derivatives — forging technology. Used in Nxt, PeerCoin, NEO, PRIZM, etc.
As a result of a careful analysis of PoW and PoS, which are designed to fight against centralization, there came a conclusion that they both fail to perform their main mission and, in the long run, they lead to the network centralization and poor performance. For this reason, we took a different approach. We use Proof-of-Authority (PoA) algorithm coupled with master nodes, which can ensure the UMI network with decentralization and maximum speed.
The Whitepaper allows you to understand the obvious things. This article will give you a clear and detailed explanation of the technology implemented in the UMI network. Let's glance at the heart of the network right now.
Proof-of-Authority: How and Why It Emerged
It's been over a decade since the first transaction in the Bitcoin network. Over this time, the blockchain technology has undergone some qualitative changes. It's down to the fact that the cryptocurrency world seeing the emerging Proof-of-Work defects in the Bitcoin network year after year has actively searched for ways to eliminate them.
PoW decentralization and reliability has an underside of low capacity and scalability problem that prevents the network from rectifying this shortcoming. Moreover, with the growing popularity of Bitcoin, greed of miners who benefit from high fees resulting from the low network throughput has become a serious problem. Miners have also started to create pools making the network more and more centralized. The “human factor” that purposefully slowed down the network and undermined its security could never be eliminated. All this essentially limits the potential for using PoW-based cryptocurrencies on a bigger scale.
Since PoW upgrade ideas came to nothing, crypto community activists have suggested cardinally new solutions and started to develop other protocols. This is how the Proof-of-Stake technology emerged. However, it proved to be excellent in theory rather than in practice. Overall, PoS-based cryptocurrencies do demonstrate a higher capacity, but the difference is not as striking. Moreover, PoS could not fully solve the scalability issue.
In the hope that it could cope with the disaster plaguing all cryptocurrencies, the community came up with brand new algorithms based on alternative operating principles. One of them is the Proof-of-Authority technology. It was meant to be an effective alternative with a high capacity and a solution to the scalability problem. The idea of using PoA in cryptocurrencies was offered by Gavin Wood — a high-profile blockchain programmer and Ethereum co-founder.
Proof-of-Authority Major Features
PoA's major difference from PoW and PoS lies in the elimination of miner or forger races. Network users do not fight for the right to be the first to create a block and receive an award, as it happens with cryptocurrencies based on other technologies. In this case blockchain's operating principle is substantially different — Proof-of-Authority uses the “reputation system” and only allows trusted nodes to create blocks.
It solves the scalability problem allowing to considerably increase capacity and handle transactions almost instantly without wasting time on unnecessary calculations made by miners and forgers. Moreover, trusted nodes must meet the strict capacity requirements. This is one the main reasons why we have selected PoA since this is the only technology allowing to fully use super-fast nodes.
Due to these features, the Proof-of-Authority algorithm is seen as one of the most effective and promising options for bringing blockchain to various business sectors. For instance, its model perfectly fits the logistics and supply chain management sectors. As an outstanding example, PoA is effectively used by the Microsoft Azure cloud platform to offer various tools for bringing blockchain solutions to businesses.
How the UMI Network Gets Rid of the Defects and Incorporates the Benefits of Proof-of-Authority Method
Any system has both drawbacks and advantages — so does PoA. According to the original PoA model, each trusted node can create a block, while it is technically impossible for ordinary users to interfere with the system operation. This makes PoA-based cryptocurrencies a lot more centralized than those based on PoW or PoS. This has always been the main reason for criticizing the PoA technology.
We understood that only a completely decentralized product could translate our vision of a "hard-to-hit", secure and transparent monetary instrument into reality. Therefore, we started with upgrading its basic operating principle in order to create a product that will incorporate all the best features while eliminating the defects. What we’ve got is a decentralized PoA method. We will try to explain at the elementary level:
- We've divided the nodes in the UMI network into two types: master nodes and validator nodes.
- Only master nodes have the right to create blocks and confirm transactions. Among master node holders there's the UMI team and their trusted partners from across the world. Moreover, we deliberately keep some of our partners — those who hold master nodes — in secret in order to secure ourselves against potential negative influence, manipulation, and threats from third parties. This way we ensure maximum coherent and reliable system operation.
- However, since the core idea behind a decentralized cryptocurrency rules out any kind of trust, the blockchain is secured to prevent master nodes from harming the network in the event of sabotage or collusion. It might happen to Bitcoin or other PoW- or PoS-based cryptocurrencies if, for example, several large mining pools unite and perform a 51% attack. But it can’t happen to UMI. First, the worst that bad faith master node holders can do is to negligibly slow down the network. But the UMI network will automatically respond to it by banning such nodes. Thus, master nodes will prevent any partner from doing intentional harm to the network. Moreover, it will not be able to do this, even if most other partners support it. Nothing — not even quantum computers — will help hackers. Read our post "UMI Blockchain Six-Level Security" for more details.
- A validator node can be launched by any participant. Validator nodes maintain the network by verifying the correctness of blocks and excluding the possibility of fakes. In doing so they increase the overall network security and help master nodes carry out their functions. More importantly, those who hold validator nodes control those who hold master nodes and confirm that the latter don't violate anything and comply with the rules. You can find more details about validator nodes in the article we mentioned above.
- Finally, the network allows all interested users to launch light nodes (SPV), which enables viewing and sending transactions without having to download the blockchain and maintain the network. With light nodes, any network user can make sure if the system is operating properly and doesn't have to download the blockchain to do this.
- In addition, we are developing the ability to protect the network in case 100% of the master nodes (10,000 master nodes in total) are "disabled" for some reason. Even this is virtually impossible, we've thought ahead and in the worst-case scenario, the system will automatically move to PoS. By doing so, it will be able to continue processing transactions. We're going to tell you about this in our next publications.
Thus, the UMI network uses an upgraded version of this technology which possesses all its advantages with drawbacks eliminated. This model is truly decentralized and maximum secured.
Another major drawback of PoA-based cryptos is no possibility to grant incentives to users. PoA doesn't imply forging or mining which allow users to earn cryptocurrency while generating new coins. No reward for maintaining the network is the main reason why the crypto community is not interested in PoA. This is, of course, unfair. With this in mind, the UMI team has found the best solution — the unique staking smart-contract. It allows you to increase the number of your coins up to 40% per month even with no mining or forging meaning the human factor cannot have a negative impact on the decentralization and network performance.
New-Generation Proof-of-Authority
The UMI network uses an upgraded version of PoA technology which possesses all its advantages with drawbacks virtually eliminated. This makes UMI a decentralized, easily scalable, and yet the most secure, productive, profitable and fair cryptocurrency, working for the sake of all people.
The widespread use of UMI can change most aspects of society in different areas, including production, commerce, logistics, and all financial arrangements. We are just beginning this journey and thrilled to have you with us. Let's change the world together!
Best regards, UMI Team!
submitted by UMITop to u/UMITop [link] [comments]

XMR.RU-report (APRIL)

Hello community!
Here is report from XMR.RU-team.
The following articles/manuals were translated into Russian and posted not only on XMR.RU but also on Bitcointalk, Bits.Media, different crypto-chats, etc.
If you would like to read the original article in English, then, open the article you are interested in, and at the end of each article you will find a link to the source.
Articles that are currently under review and will be published shortly:
Monero Video News (I expect a couple of likes from you to make Youtube algorithms offer our videos to a wide range of people):
---
I don't know you. Who are you?
We are the biggest local Monero community from Russia, Ukraine, Belarus etc.
You can support our enthusiasm in spreading information about Monero among the CIS countries!
XMR: 42CxJrG1Q8HT9XiXJ1Cim4Sz18rM95UucEBeZ3x6YuLQUwTn6UWo9ozeA7jv13v8H1FvQn9dgw1Gw2VMUqdvVN1T9izzGEt
If you' re using the CLI:
transfer donate.xmr.ru
Here you can find the viewkey from our wallet, and see how donations are spent.
---
P.S. I would like to remind you that we are a non-profit community and we do not advertise on our forum, Telegram Chat / News Channel, etc. We have been asked to place ads more than once, but we always refuse.
submitted by TheFuzzStone to Monero [link] [comments]

Traditional Mining vs Green Staking: How UMI Cares for the Planet

Traditional Mining vs Green Staking: How UMI Cares for the Planet

https://preview.redd.it/fcymiab2fed51.jpg?width=1024&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=a32e38290d6f8048ba7cc982bc2963369642eb7a
Cryptocurrencies are about a major contribution to the transformation of the existing financial system. They can dramatically change the world and be of great benefit to humankind. But looking for benefits mustn't do harm to the environment.
We've taken up this theme for a reason. It is indeed possible to do harm. In fact, harm is already being done. Do you want to know in what way? By traditional mining, which is necessary to maintain the Bitcoin network, and thousands of other Proof-of-Work-based cryptocurrencies.
Negative impact of traditional mining
In order to maintain the Bitcoin network or other PoW-based cryptocurrencies, miners have to solve complex computational math problems — by doing so they verify the authenticity of transactions and add valid ones to the blockchain. This process is dubbed mining and requires extensive computing resources.
The need to compete to solve a mathematical puzzle and receive a reward makes people use more and more powerful equipment. This is how new bitcoins are generated. With the cryptocurrency boom, harmless mining on computers turned into an endless race among miners. Today miners not only buy high-performance computers. Some miners create farms consisting of energy-consuming ASIC devices while others use huge plants to mine bitcoins.

A mining farm consisting of thousands of ASIC devices. Source.
As you know, intensive computing power requires elevated power expenses and leads to air pollution and a waste of natural resources. This poses a serious problem. Nowadays electric power stations, which are thermal power plants (TPP), burn fossil fuel, such as coal or natural gas, to produce electricity.
This process causes CO2 (carbon dioxide) emissions which adversely affect the biosphere — mining contributes to the greenhouse effect which heats the planet up. This consequently causes a global warming effect with its associated impacts on the environment and may pose threats to life on the planet. What is more, every minute we are breathing the same polluted air, thereby being at risk of a bunch of diseases and complications. All these factors shorten life expectancy for us and our children. Air pollution cause a great deal of premature deaths
The more carbon dioxide gets into the environment, the more harm it does. Carbon dioxide is a harmful by-product of industrial activity. The biting irony is that we use natural resources to generate these emissions, and these resources have limits too. Traditional mining significantly exacerbates the global problem and the situation has been deteriorating in recent years.
The effects of carbon footprint are already being felt
There are, undoubtedly, a lot of other factors that cause global environmental degradation, but the impact of mining should never be ignored. Bitcoin mining is estimated to produce as much carbon dioxide as that produced by industries of Estonia, Switzerland, the Czech Republic, Jordan, or Sri Lanka.
The entire bitcoin network is responsible for 22-22.9 million tons of CO2 per year — just think and try to imagine how much it is. Chinese miners represent about half (47%) of emissions. In China energy is cheap as it's produced by coal-fired thermal power plants. Once we add emissions produced by mining other cryptos, the numbers will double!

Powerful mining equipment. Source.
Two years ago, Nature Research journal published an article regarding Bitcoin emissions. It said: "We cannot predict the future of Bitcoin, but projected Bitcoin usage, should it follow the rate of adoption of other broadly adopted technologies, could alone produce enough CO2 emissions to push warming above 2 °C within less than three decades." Two years later, we can see the researchers' concerns had the ground — digital gold keeps to be mined with the same enthusiasm as well as the planet keeps to be polluted. "It [Bitcoin] alone could produce enough emissions to raise global temperatures as soon as 2033, " warn a group of researchers.
As an alternate solution, miners are encouraged to use renewable energy (wind, solar, etc.) — which can make bitcoin mining more environmentally friendly. Unfortunately, renewable energy sources account for just a small share of global energy which makes them impossible to be used widely. Moreover, in the pursuit of profit, miners don't seem particularly eager to get rid of profitable equipment which cost them a fortune.
Nonetheless, the fact that modern cryptocurrencies disapprove environment-damaging mining lets us hope for the early improvement of the situation. UMI is one of these cryptocurrencies.
UMI is a green cryptocurrency based on smart contract
Not all cryptocurrencies use computing power to generate new coins. For example, there are cryptocurrencies based on Proof-of-Stake (PoS) and Proof-of-Authority (PoA) technology. UMI is just like that.
As a substitute for mining and to incite users, UMI uses Staking Smart Contract which allows generating new coins with no energy expenses and powerful equipment. No waste of natural resources. Staking technology is perfectly safe for the planet. This is the latest technological development loop of crypto industry.

https://preview.redd.it/wpgh5cmoged51.jpg?width=1024&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=761dd09821e16924dfeeb7db8e65b6a66e50c5d5
UMI can be definitely called an environmentally friendly cryptocurrency as it has no negative impact on the environment. Today this is of greatest importance for all of us. UMI staking neither endangers human health nor harms the environment. In other words, we are protecting the planet and all the people that inhabit it. This is something we can be really proud of. Because the environment influences our health, and good health is the most important thing in life.
As a final note, we would like to say that adhering closely to their ideology, the UMI team collaborates only with environmentally conscious partners who are concerned with the protection of the natural world. This was the main reason for choosing the ROY Club as our partner. We are certain this will be productive cooperation which will make this world a better place.
Join in and invite all your friends — together we can create new UMI coins using eco-friendly staking and care for our planet!
Best regards, UMI Team!
submitted by UMITop to u/UMITop [link] [comments]

The Best Cryptocurrency Mining Pools in 2020

This review is not sponsored! Neither it is an ad.
How to choose a mining pool? How to avoid stale shares? The pros and cons of different services.

What is a cryptocurrency mining pool?

A “mining pool" is a server that distributes the task of calculating the block signature between all connected participants. The contribution of each of them is evaluated using the so-called “shares”, which are potential candidates for receiving a signature. As soon as one of the “shares” hits the target, the pool announces the readiness of the block and distributes the reward.
However, if you participate in the pool, then you will have to share the profit with all the participants in the pool, but for the majority, this usually is the most profitable option.

Which pool is better for mining?

The best mining pools should meet the following criteria:

Key selection criteria

To select a good pool for each specific cryptocurrency, you need to carefully study all the information available about it on its website and on the forums.
To reduce the number of stale shares, it is better to mine on the pool closest to the miner. You can choose the fastest mining pool by studying the information about the processing speed of the share in the mining program or by pinging the time it takes for the signal to pass from the miner's computer to the servers of the pool.

10 most popular and powerful pools: Description

ViaBTC

Coins: BTC, BCH, BSV, LTC, ETH, ETC, ZEC, DASH, XMR, CKB
Commission: 3%, lifetime discount: 1%

EMCD

Coins: BTC, BSV, BCH, LTC, ETC, ETH, DASH
Commission: 0%. There is a donation option: 0.5% of the income

Ethermine

Coins: ETH, ETC, ZEC
Commission: 1%

F2pool

Coins: BTC, LTC, and many other coins
Commission: 3-5%

NanoPool

Coins: XMR, ETH, ETC, SiaCoin, ZEC, PASC, ETN
Commission:1%

Mining Pool Hub

Coins: BTC, BSV, BCH, LTC
Commission: 0.9%

NiceHash

Coins: BTC, ETH, XRP, BCH, LTC, ZEC, DASH, XLM, EOS, USDT, LINK, BAT, ZRX, HOT, OMG, REP, BTG, NEXO, MATIC, ENJ, SNT, ELF, BNT, KNC, POLY, MTL + 20 more.
Commission: 2-5%

Coinotron

Coins: ETH, ETC, PASC, LTC, Zcash, BTG, DASH, FTC, VTC
Commission: 1-1.5%

Monero Mining Pool

Coins: XMR
Commission: 2%

Baikalmine

Coins: ETH, ETC, MOAC, CLO
Commission: 0.5-1%

Independent Pool Statistics

To make sure that the pools work and really exist, check independent sources. These are:
Keep up with the news of the crypto world at CoinJoy.io Follow us on Twitter and Medium. Subscribe to our YouTube channel. Join our Telegram channel. For any inquiries mail us at [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]).
submitted by CoinjoyAssistant to dogemining [link] [comments]

Биткоин или Биткойн? Как правильно писать ‘Bitcoin’ по-русски

Биткоин или Биткойн? Как правильно писать ‘Bitcoin’ по-русски
В русском языке встречаются два варианта написания слова Bitcoin — через «ои» (Биткоин) и через «ой» (Биткойн).
Какое же из них верное? На самом деле это не такой уж простой вопрос. Дебаты между сторонниками обоих вариантов ведутся не один год и, на момент написания этой статьи, в русском языке нет устоявшейся нормы.
Тем не менее, проанализируем аргументы в пользу каждого из вариантов.
Первоначально в русскоязычных статьях, как правило, использовалось англоязычное написание — Bitcoin. Например, в одной из первых русскоязычных статей о Биткоине (а может и самой первой) — «Bitcoin (฿): пиринговая криптовалюта».
Но затем стали появляться написания «Биткоин» и «Биткойн».
Первое является транслитерацией слова bitcoin — передачей знаков одной письменности (букв алфавита) знаками другой письменности.
Второе — транскрипцией слова bitcoin — передачей в письме тем или иным набором письменных знаков (букв) элементов звучащей речи (звуков).
Изначально вариант «Биткоин» стал общепризнанным. Так, в русскоязычном разделе официального сайта Bitcoin Project (bitcoin.org) до 12 сентября 2014 года использовалось написание через «ои»:

Страница из веб-архива сайта bitcoin.org. 19 октября 2013.
26 октября 2013 года на крупнейшем форуме Bitcointalk, который еще в 2009 году основал сам Сатоши Накамото, пользователь под ником pianist открыл дискуссию «грамматика: биткоЙн или биткоИн?». Он написал:
Друзья, я сам писал всю жизни через И. Сейчас я прочитал правила русского языка, и понял как был не прав.
Биткойновая экономика. Купить за биткойны.
Я предлагаю стандартизироваться и писать одинаково. Через Й, так же как “междусобойчик”, “койка” и “бойня”.
Эта дискуссия длилась 4 года (последний комментарий датирован 11 октября 2017 года), в ней приняло участие несколько десятков пользователей, которые оставили более 300(!) комментариев. Тем не менее, русскоязычное сообщество форума так и не достигло консенсуса, вопрос остался открытым.
Сторонники транскрипции (Биткойн) аргументируют свою позицию тем, что такое написание соответствует правилам англо-русской практической транскрипции, используемой для передачи английских собственных имён, а также других лексических единиц, непосредственно заимствуемых из английского языка (например, терминов), для которых не существует исторически сложившейся (традиционной) передачи на русский язык.
Согласно правилам англо-русской практической транскрипции дифтонг [oi] по-русски передается, как звук «ой» и так же должен отображаться на письме. Примеры: пойнт, бойлер, спойлер, джойстик и т.п.
Кроме того, сторонники «Биткойна» ссылаются на правила орфографии русского языка, согласно которым «буква «й» пишется для передачи звука [j] («йот») после гласных в конце слова или перед согласными» (§26 справочника «Правила русской орфографии и пунктуации» под редакцией В.В.Лопатина).
В качестве примеров приводятся такие слова, как койка, бойня, война, стройный и т.п.
К слову сказать в «Справочнике по правописанию и литературной правке» Дитмара Розенталя, на который иногда ссылаются сторонники «Биткойна», нет однозначного толкования, как транскрибировать англоязычные дифтонги. Розенталь дает лишь общие рекомендации:
Написания иностранных слов (речь идет не о словах иноязычного происхождения, заимствованных и освоенных русским языком, а о словах, сохраняющих свой иноязычный «облик», звучание и остающихся «чужеродным телом» в составе русского языка) передаются с возможным приближением к их образованию и произношению в языке-источнике.
Ситуация осложняется тем, что при произношении слова bitcoin дифтонг [oi] слышится как нечто среднее между «ои» и «ой».
Вскоре дискуссия перекинулась в медийное пространство.
Сайт BitNovosti по пунктам изложил аргументы в защиту написания «Биткойн». Цитирую:
  1. Для тех, кто с английским знаком «не понаслышке»: в оригинале звучит именно дифтонг [ɔɪ], то есть «ой» — «биткойн», никакого мифического «биткоИна» там и близко нет.
  2. Правила транскрибирования иностранных слов в русском языке. Worcester по-русски Вустер, а не «Ворцестер», Southwell — это Сазл, а не «Соутхуелл». Те же правила действуют для прямых заимствований: экшн, а не «актион», имидж а не «имаге» и т.п.
  3. Правила транслитерации с Википедии: oi, oy, -oid [ɔɪ] ой, за исключением суффикса -оид point [pɔɪnt] → пойнт, android [andrɔɪd] → андроид.
  4. Правила транскрипции с английского на русский, по справочнику Р.С. Гиляревского и Б.А. Старостина [1985]: дифтонг [ɔɪ] пишется как «ой».
  5. Все аналогичные заимствования из английского в русский, как и транскрипция имен/названий, используют именно «ой» — бойлер, спойлер, джойстик, пойнтер, Вест-Пойнт, Зойдберг.
  6. Аналогичные локализации в остальных языках с кириллической письменностью (Монгольский, Болгарский, Македонский) — все как один используют «биткойн».
  7. Для тех, кто еще сомневается, есть проверочное слово «биткойнер«. Биткойнер, биткойновая экономика, биткойн — однокоренные слова, логично?
(конец цитаты)
Следует отметить, что п.6 не совсем верен. В македонском языке используется написание «Биткоин». Но об этом ниже…
Возражая, сторонники «Биткоина» приводили свои контрагрументы.
Во-первых, они отмечали, что не так всё однозначно в русском языке с «ой» перед согласными. Например, «война», но «воин».
Во-вторых, слово bitcoin образовано от coin (монета), а в среде нумизматов принято говорить и писать «коин», «коины», а не «койн» и «койны».
Кроме того, само правило транскрипции [oi] не такое уж и однозначное, и в русском языке существует масса исключений. Как пример приводится русскоязычное написание ювелирного бренда Roberto Coin (Роберто Коин) и устоявшийся покерный термин коинфлип (coinflip). А также слова андроид, таблоид, геоид и т.п.
Справедливости ради отмечу, что последние слова имеют суффикс oid, означающий «подобный», и по-русски он всегда пишется, как «оид».
Но главный аргумент сторонников «Биткоина» можно вкратце представить такой фразой:
Язык для людей, а не люди для языка.
Пользователь форума Bitcointalk так изложил этот аргумент:
«Большинство запросов у Google — БиткоИн, большинство людей в теме говорят БиткоИн. В большинстве статей написано БиткоИн
Поэтому и дальше будут так говорить :) Насильно язык не поменяешь. Люди говорят так как им удобно».
Действительно, в биткоин-сообществе чаще используется написание через «ои» — «биткоин».
В 2015 году на форуме сайта bits.media был проведен опрос, в котором приняли участие 148 пользователей. 93 (более 2/3) участников проголосовали за «биткоин»:

https://preview.redd.it/lh1h3kb5rvy41.png?width=881&format=png&auto=webp&s=93004a84c96b8c8a12524b47c4e7cb87e618920e
Разумеется, это не может претендовать на социологическое исследование. Поэтому обратимся к статистике. Как говорили классики литературы, «она знает всё».
На момент написания этой статьи на форуме Bitcointalk поисковик Google обнаружил 10 300 слов «биткоин» и только 2 340 слов «биткойн». Т.е. вариант с «ои» имеет частотность использования более чем 4 раза большую, чем вариант с «ой».

Заголовки тем на форуме Bitcointalk. Явное доминирование «Биткоина» над «Биткойном».
Но это специфическая аудитория. А как обстоят дела в целом по вебу? Снова обратимся к Google.
В поисковой выдаче по запросу «биткоин -bitcoin» найдено 7 650 000 результатов. А поисковый запрос «биткойн -bitcoin» дал в 7 (семь) раз меньше — 1 090 000.
Хорошо, это — количество упоминаний слов в вебе. А как обстоит ситуация с количеством поисковых запросов? Другими словами, какое слово пользователи чаще ищут (набирают в строке поиска) — «биткоин» или «биткойн»?
Обратимся к статистике поисковых запросов Яндекса. Слово «биткоин» за прошедший месяц (март 2020) искали более 2 100 000 раз, а слово «биткойн» — более 42 000, т.е. почти в 50(!) раз реже.
Это также наглядно подтверждается сервисом Google Trends — сравнение частоты поисковых запросов слов «биткоин» и «биткойн»:

Сравнение частоты поисковых запросов слов «биткоин» (голубая линия) и «биткойн» (красная).
Таким образом, статистика подтверждает, что люди гораздо чаще выбирают вариант «биткоин».
В конце концов, прав был известный украинский правозащитник Олекса Тихий, когда говорил, что «Язык народа — сам народ» (Мова народу — народ).
С ним согласен писатель Нассим Николас Талеб, автор бестселлеров «Чёрный лебедь», «Одураченные случайностью», «Антихрупкость» и др.
«Слова и языки создаются людьми, прочувствовавшими их на своей шкуре: фермерами, охотниками, торговцами, проститутками, плотниками, танцорами и строителями. А не лингвистами, учеными, писцами, бюрократами, библиотекарями, грамматиками и прочими акропаразитами».
— Нассим Николас Талеб
А как обстоят дела со словарями и энциклопедиями?
Статья в русскоязычной Википедии называется «Биткойн», однако, в первом же её абзаце делается оговорка, что приемлемы оба варианта написания:
Биткойн, или биткоин (от англ. Bitcoin, от bit — бит и coin — монета), — пиринговая платёжная система, использующая одноимённую единицу для учёта операций.
Кстати, по этому поводу в Википедии было бурное обсуждение, в результате которого пришли к мнению, что надо указать оба варианта написания:
Жизнь всегда богаче локальных правил. Википедия со ссылкой на авторитетные источники транслирует все распространённые названия. В качестве же основного названия она выбирает то написание, которое является правильным, согласно правил, ею принятым. Это не значит, что данные правила приняты повсеместно. Таким образом, указание всех вариантов названия со ссылкой на АИ является не просто допустимым, а прямо вытекающим следствием всей совокупности правил ВП.
— Kalashnov 19:03, 23 апреля 2018.
Я согласен, что оба варианта должны быть приведены в преамбуле, пусть для названия статьи так сделать и невозможно и там будет выбран один.
— MBH 11:34, 24 апреля 2018
При обсуждении этого вопроса участники дискуссии высказывали мнение, что «по употребимости эти варианты примерно равносильны и, в виду незафиксированности в словарях, оба вполне корректны. Выбор между ними — вопрос довольно тонкий, но в преамбуле нужно упомянуть оба».
А как в других языках, использующих кириллицу? Воспользуемся статьями из той же Википедии:
  • Украинский — Біткоїн. В украинском языке есть буква «ї» — нечто среднее между «й» и «и». Звучит как «йи». Компромиссный вариант, не так ли?
  • Македонский — Биткоин. Следует отметить, что в македонском алфавите нет буквы «й», но есть аналог её — буква «ј».
  • Сербский — Биткојн. В сербском алфавите также буква «ј» — аналог буквы «й» русского алфавита.
  • Болгарский — Биткойн. Здесь и далее — без комментариев.
  • Беларусский — Біткойн.
  • Казахский — Биткоин.
Как видим, и тут нет однозначности.
Особо следует отметить польский язык, как один из славянских. Хотя он и использует латиницу, звуки латинских букв его алфавита более привычны кириллическим. Так польская «j» близка русской «й» и передает аналогичный звук. Тем не менее в польском языке используется написание через «i» («и») — Bitcoin (звучит как «Биткоин»), а не Bitcojn («Биткойн»), тем самым применяется транслитерация английского слова bitcoin.
И в заключение — мнение авторитетного лингвистического ресурса Грамота.ру.
https://preview.redd.it/uq3u3gc7svy41.png?width=711&format=png&auto=webp&s=4cc09be416648efe3ddbacdbc4458e9c15c74d7a
Ответ на вопрос на сайте Грамота.ру.
Вопрос № 272383
Добрый день!
Как правильно писать — биткоин или биткойн?
Ответ справочной службы русского языка:
Написание еще не устоялось. Это новое слово, возникшее совсем недавно, поэтому о «правильности» или «ошибочности» того или иного варианта говорить пока не приходится.

Выводы:

Язык — живой организм. Его невозможно загнать в свод незыблемых правил. Он живет своей жизнью, постоянно трансформируясь, принимая общеупотребимое и отторгая малоиспользуемое.
Пока нет устоявшегося употребления русскоязычного эквивалента слова Bitcoin, оба варианта — и Биткоин, и Биткойн — являются приемлемыми к употреблению. Нет ошибки в использовании того или иного варианта. Но вариант «Биткоин» используется гораздо чаще.

P.S.

Я сознательно вынес свое отношение к написанию за рамки этой статьи. Как уже было отмечено ранее, я использую слово «Биткоин». И вот почему…
Во-первых, несколько лет назад, когда я начал писать свои статьи о Биткоине, такое написание было массовым и общеупотребимым. Так писали не только на криптовалютных форумах, но и в масс-медиа.
Во-вторых, когда я готовил книгу «Биткоин для всех» к изданию, то изучил разные варианты написания и пришел к выводу, что слово «Биткоин» является не только более употребимым в криптовалютных кругах, но и в литературе, которая была на тот момент, в том числе и переводной. В частности, в книге Майкла Кейси и Пола Виньи «Эпоха криптовалют» (Манн, Иванов и Фербер (МИФ), 2017).
Кроме того, на крупнейшем книжном портале ЛитРес уже был специальный раздел, в котором были собраны книги о первой криптовалюте, и он назывался «Биткоин».
Раздел «Биткоин» на популярном книжном портале ЛитРес.
В 2019 году в издательстве Манн, Иванов и Фербер (МИФ) вышла книга Сейфедина Аммуса «Краткая история денег, или Все, что нужно знать о биткоине», которая окончательно убедила меня в правильности выбора написания «Биткоин».

Оригинал статьи
submitted by uanix to u/uanix [link] [comments]

TKEYSPACE 1.2.1 — large-scale update on iOS

TKEYSPACE 1.2.1 — large-scale update on iOS

https://preview.redd.it/1k8p8q10ttx41.png?width=1200&format=png&auto=webp&s=390e03bd71dc3e49a380beae3600e44a2a110205
Meet a major update in TKEYSPACE. We were debugging the engine, so to speak-modified the Tkeycoin Engine. This is a really powerful update — large scale code-level improvements and new features.
Someone may think that an application is just ten lines of code, but an expert who thinks this is wrong.
TkeySpace is a combination of many libraries, support for C++, Java), Kotlin), Swift), Objective-C, cryptography and blockchain, and a combination of best practices with new technologies. To ensure the operation of many supported blockchains, the team has done a great job to ensure that you already use the most secure multi-currency wallet TkeySpace.

https://preview.redd.it/dk072ai1ttx41.png?width=1080&format=png&auto=webp&s=e8b002b06d0a69b6b8f53e523d71d37ce4e2ec3c
For iOS development, we use the stack: C++, Swift, Objective-C. For Android development: C++, Java, Kotlin. Cryptography and blockchain parameters are applied on both platforms.
When creating TkeySpace, we primarily looked at security, decentralization, and convenience. TkeySpace is a strong programming code inside and a light intuitive interface outside.
TkeySpace eliminates hacker attacks, hacks, and sanctions from third parties, ensuring the comfortable use of your assets.
Remember that using the so-called “blockchain wallets”, of which there are a lot on the market — you risk losing funds. There are only a few truly working applications on the blockchain, which distinguishes the technical uniqueness of TkeySpace from other wallets. How TkeySpace works, we told you in the review: TKEYSPACE is a blockchain on your mobile.

What updates are available in TkeySpace 1.2.1 on iOS

Localization in the AppStore in 8 languages

Now the TkeySpace page in the AppStore is available in 8 languages: Russian, German, English, Spanish, French, Korean, Turkish, and Chinese.
https://preview.redd.it/77uoq213ttx41.png?width=1242&format=png&auto=webp&s=681e9f3133c0b63f330e0de19300138f61113d4b

Update on the code level

A large-scale work was done at the code level-optimization, interaction with libraries, new functions, and fixed errors that occurred during the wallet operation.

Synchronization

Fixed a local error displaying incorrect synchronization status, which affected the sending of transactions and interaction with blockchains.
The synchronization process has been completely fixed, and now the connection to the nodes is running correctly.
Node addresses are added to the local storage, and instant synchronization with nodes occurs when you log in again.

Transactions

Due to the correction of the synchronization process, errors that could occur when sending transactions have been fixed.
Added a synchronization check before sending transactions, now the wallet checks for synchronization with the network before performing any operation with digital currencies. If syncing isn’t set to 100% yet, then TkeySpace won’t let you send the transaction.

Enhanced validation of transactions and blocks in the network

Enhanced validation of the algorithm for consensus of Tkeycoin and other cryptocurrencies is enabled. This increases the security of the network, as well as speeds up the work of the TkeySpace blockchain node, the application consumes even fewer resources than before. High complexity is converted to 3 bytes, which ensures fast code processing and the least resource consumption on your device.

Checking “ Double spending”

TkeySpace now eliminates “double spending” in blockchains, which is very valuable in the Bitcoin and Litecoin networks. Your funds are safe and protected from fraudulent transactions in the form of “fake” transactions.

The bloom filter to check for nodes

All nodes are checked through the bloom filter. This allows you to exclude fraudulent nodes that try to connect to the network as real nodes of a particular blockchain.

Mining

Fixed a zero-byte decoding error that could cause the “mining reward” to not display in TkeySpace. Now all miners can extract currencies Tkeycoin, DASH, Litecoin, Bitcoin Cash, Bitcoin, Ethereum directly to Addresses from the TkeySpace app, which is very convenient, and most importantly, safe and always at hand.

The increased privacy of transaction

Implemented deterministic lexicographic sorting using hashes of previous transactions and output indexes for sorting transaction input data, as well as values and scriptPubKeys for sorting transaction output data.
The new transaction model makes it harder to identify certain wallets and increases privacy by using smart contracts.

Improvements at the TkeySpace interface level:

Upgraded currency rates

Now you can get detailed market statistics, both for 1 day and for several years. Statistics are available for periods: 1 day, 7 days, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months, 1 year, 2 years. Statistics on volumes are available for both 1 hour and 24 hours.
https://preview.redd.it/huof1045ttx41.png?width=828&format=png&auto=webp&s=639c92c0bf6ed8b5f69b01f7a254bea533871dd1

News

In the market data section, there is a section with current news of the cryptocurrency market.

Function — to hide the balance

On the main screen of the TkeySpace app, you can completely hide your balance. Tap on the Balance, it will be automatically hidden from the main screen. This feature allows you to further enhance your privacy.
https://preview.redd.it/m9flh1m7ttx41.png?width=828&format=png&auto=webp&s=444684dabe03e6a73be3b306bd1f26fd7ffd0533

New currency

  • Added Litecoin (LTC) cryptocurrency;
  • Added 9 new tokens: Huobi Token (HT), KuCoin Shares (KCS), Golem (GNT), Ankr Network (ANKR), EOSDT, OmiseGO (OMG), Prospectors Gold (PGL), Pundi X (NPXS), NEXO.

To upgrade to the TkeySpace version-1.2.1 — we recommend completely reinstalling the TkeySpace app:

Delete the app — Install the app — Launch the wallet — click Restore Wallet — enter Backup phrases separated by a space — wait for syncing — now your TkeySpace wallet is fully ready to work.
App store: https://apps.apple.com/app/tkeyspace-future-focused/id1500778512 The official website of the keyspace: https://wallet.tkeycoin.com/
Suggestions for improving the app, errors that occur in the wallet, please send to our support service — [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]).
submitted by tkeycoin to Tkeycoin_Official [link] [comments]

Mitch McConnell's Brother-in-Law One of the Masterminds of Trump-Russia

Jim Breyer, Mitch McConnell's brother-in-law, Facilitates Russia’s Takeover of Facebook through Yuri Milner
In 2005 Jim Breyer, a partner at Accel Partners, invested $1 million of his own money into Facebook and gained a seat on the board (1).
In Feb 2009 Jim Breyer visited Russia with a number of other Silicone Valley investors. While there, Yuri Milner, a Russian tech entrepreneur who founded DST with close ties to the Kremlin, hosted a dinner to cap the entire event (2). As one Moscow source put it:
DST has the backing of the big boys at the top in the Kremlin, which is why it will go from strength to strength (5)
Milner found out Breyer liked Impressionist art and took him to Russian’s Hermitage Museum to view Matisse paintings otherwise closed off to the public. Three months later Yuri Milner’s DST invested into Facebook at a bloated value. (2)
Mr Milner dismissed suggestions that at a valuation of $10bn he overpaid for his stake in Facebook, especially given that the social networking site has yet to prove it has turned to profit. (3)
it’s seen as a desperate and rather vulgar deal on the one hand—Milner buying a small stake in Facebook, valuing the entire company at $10 billion—and, on the other, Facebook debasing itself by taking Russian money. Russian money! In fact, it seems rather like a desperate deal for both parties (in the midst of the banking crisis, Facebook has only two other bidders for this round—and none from the top VC tier) (4)
By the end of 2009, DST would own 10% of Facebook. Later revealed by the Paradise Papers, DST’s investments into Facebook were financed by the Russian government through state-owned Gazprom. That’s right, in 2009 Russia owned 10% of Facebook. (6)
Soon after, the two continued to work together on other investments. Breyer introduced Milner to Groupon, and Milner helped Breyer’s Accel invest into Spotify (7). In 2010 an Accel representative joined a gaggle of Silicon Valley investors to Russia and signed a letter promising to invest into the country (8).
  1. http://fortune.com/2011/01/11/timeline-where-facebook-got-its-funding/
  2. http://fortune.com/2010/10/04/facebooks-friend-in-russia/
  3. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/facebook/7753692/Facebook-is-just-the-first-step-say-Russians.html
  4. https://www.wired.com/2011/10/mf_milne
  5. https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2011/jan/04/facebook-dst-goldman-sachs
  6. https://www.theguardian.com/news/2017/nov/05/russia-funded-facebook-twitter-investments-kushner-investor
  7. https://dealbook.nytimes.com/2011/09/28/dst-global-hoping-to-grow-across-asia-puts-down-roots/
  8. http://www.ambarclub.org/executive-education/
Jim Breyer and Rupert Murdoch
Then in Nov 2010 Jim Breyer invested into Artsy.net, run by Rupert Murdoch’s then-wife, Wendi Deng, and Russia oligarch Roman Abramovich’s then-wife, Dasha Zhukova. Jared Kushner’s brother, Josh, also invested in the fledgling company (1).
At the time Rupert Murdoch’s News Corporation had a joint venture with the Russian mob-linked oligarch Boris Berezovsky, called LogoVaz News Corporation, that invested in Russian media (4). It was Berezovsky’s protege close to Putin, Roman Abramovich, who tied Berezovsky to the mob.
According to the Mirror Online, Abramovich paid Berezovsky tens, and even hundreds, of millions every year for "krysha", or mafia protection. (5)
In June 2011, Rupert Murdoch ended his foray into social media by selling Myspace to Justin Timberlake (2) and elected Jim Breyer to the board of News Corp (3).
  1. https://www.businessinsider.com/what-is-cadre-and-how-to-invest-in-its-real-estate-deals-2016-6
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myspace
  3. https://web.archive.org/web/19990428071733/http://www.newscorp.com:80/
  4. https://www.bloomberg.com/profiles/companies/156126Z:RU-logovaz-news-corp
  5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roman_Abramovich
Jim Breyer invests in Wickr with Erik Prince
In 2012 Breyer invested in a encrypted messenger app, Wickr. Other investors include Gilman Louie and Erik Prince. To understand the connection, we need to go back to 1987. Breyer, newly hired to Accel Partners, made his first investment with Louie’s video game company that owned the rights to the Soviet Union’s first video game export, Tetris (1).
Louie went off to become the founding CEO of the CIA-backed In-Q-Tel which invested in Palantir. Palantir’s founder, Peter Thiel, sat on the board of Facebook with Breyer (2)(3). On the board of In-Q-Tel is Buzzy Krongard (7), the man who helped Erik Prince’s Blackwater receive their first CIA contract, who also joined the board of Blackwater in 2007 (6).
Around that same time, 2012-2013, Prince met Vincent Tchenguiz, founder of Cambridge Analytica's parent company, SCL (8), and was introduced to Cyrus Behbehani of Glencore, one of the purchasers of Rosneft stock detailed in the Steele Dossier (9). Cyrus Behbehani sat on the board of RusAl with Christophe Charlier, who is also Chairman of the board at Renaissance Capital (10), an early investor of DST (11).
  1. https://wickr.com/wickr-raises-30m-series-b-led-by-jim-breye
  2. https://www.sfgate.com/politics/article/CIA-Asks-Silicon-Valley-s-Help-Executive-to-2904775.php
  3. https://www.iqt.org/palantir-technologies/
  4. https://www.politico.com/story/2016/08/palantir-defense-contracts-lobbyists-226969
  5. https://feraljundi.com/tag/reflex-responses-management-consultancy-llc/
  6. https://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/17/us/17brothers.html
  7. https://www.marketscreener.com/business-leaders/A-Krongard-006WHL-E/biography/
  8. https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/revealed-erik-prince-had-business-ties-with-netanyahus-disgraced-chief-of-staff-1.5627887
  9. https://medium.com/@wsiegelman/a-fresh-look-at-erik-princes-house-intelligence-committee-testimony-and-emails-with-christophe-6603f06c6568
  10. https://medium.com/@wsiegelman/a-fresh-look-at-erik-princes-house-intelligence-committee-testimony-and-emails-with-christophe-6603f06c6568
  11. https://www.vccircle.com/all-you-wanted-know-about-digital-sky-technologies/
Jim Breyer and Yuri Milner invest in Prismatic
That same year, 2012, Jim Breyer invested in Prismatic, a news aggregate app, with Yuri Milner.
Prismatic’s technology works by crawling Facebook, Twitter and the web (“anything with a URL”) to find news stories. It then uses machine learning to categorize them by Topic and Publication. Prismatic users follow these Topics and Publications, as well as Individuals and the algorithm then uses these preferences and user-activity signals to present a relevant Newsfeed. (1)
Sounds like the beginning of what could be a propaganda dissemination tool. That goes in-line with Yuri Milner’s vision of Social Media. Milner’s theory:
“Zuckerberg’s Law”: Every 12 to 18 months the amount of information being shared between people on the web doubles... Over time people will bypass more general websites such as Google in favor of sites built atop social networks where they can rely on friends’ opinions to figure out where to get the best fall handbag, how to change a smoke detector, or whether to vacation in Istanbul or Rome. “You will pick your network, and the network will filter everything for you,” Milner explained. (2)
So how does Milner intend to utilize the data gathered through social media? Let’s see what Milner did to Russia’s top social media site, VK:
In January 2014, Durov sold his 12 percent stake to Ivan Tavrin, the CEO of major Russian mobile operator Megafon, whose second-largest shareholder is Alisher Usmanov, one of Russia’s most powerful oligarchs, a man who has long been lobbying to take over VK.
Then, in April 2014, Durov stated he had sold his stake in the company and became a citizen of St Kitts and Nevis back in February after "coming under increasing pressure" from the Russian Federal Security Service to hand over personal details of users who were members of a VK group dedicated to the Euromaidan protest movement in Ukraine. (3)
The Euromaidan protest ousted the Russian-backed president of Ukraine, Viktor Yanukovych, whom Paul Manafort had worked to install. (4)
  1. https://techcrunch.com/2012/12/05/prismatic/
  2. http://fortune.com/2010/10/04/facebooks-friend-in-russia/
  3. https://cointelegraph.com/news/what-ban-russias-vkcom-is-mining-bitcoin
  4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viktor_Yanukovych
Facebook talks US Elections with Russia
In Oct 2012 Zuckerberg traveled to Moscow and met Dmitry Medvedev where they had a very interesting conversation:
Mr. Zuckerberg and Mr. Medvedev talked about Facebook’s role in politics, though only jokingly in reference to its importance in the American presidential campaign, according to Mr. Medvedev’s press office. (1)
While there he also visited Victor Vekselberg's Skolkovo, who’s currently under investigation by Mueller for donations to Trump (2).
As Obama’s effort to reboot diplomatic relations [with Russia] sputtered, federal officials began raising alarms about the Skolkovo Foundation’s ties to Putin.
“The foundation may be a means for the Russian government to access our nation’s sensitive or classified research, development facilities and dual-use technologies” (3)
And took time to teach Russian's how to hack Facebook friend data, the same hack used by Cambridge Analytica, Donald Trump’s campaign data firm.
In a 2012 video, Facebook's Simon Cross shows the Moscow crowd how they can "get a ton of other information" on Facebook users and their friends. "We now have an access token, so now let's make the same request again and see what happens," Cross explains (YouTube). "We've got a little bit more data, but now we can start doing really interesting stuff. We can get my friends. We can get some more information about one of my friends. Here's Connor, who you'll meet later. Say 'hello,' Connor. He's waving. And we can also get a ton of other information as well." (4)
Facebook later hired the individual who hacked Facebook and sold the data to Cambridge Analytica (5).
A month after that visit, Putin propaganda mouth-piece Konstantin Rykov, claims he began helping with Trump’s presidential aspirations (6). Days later, Trump registered “Make America Great Again” (7). The following year, Russia's Troll Factory, the Internet Research Agency, was created as was Cambridge Analytica.
  1. https://www.nytimes.com/2012/10/02/technology/zuckerberg-meets-with-medvedev-in-key-market.html
  2. https://www.adweek.com/digital/zuckerberg-russia-skolkovo/
  3. https://apnews.com/5e533f93afae4a4fa5c2f7fe80ad72ac/Sanctioned-Russian-oligarch-linked-to-Cohen-has-vast-US-ties
  4. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=heTPmGb6jdc&feature=youtu.be&t=11m54s
  5. https://www.theguardian.com/news/2018/ma18/facebook-cambridge-analytica-joseph-chancellor-gsr
  6. https://washingtonmonthly.com/2017/11/24/a-trumprussia-confession-in-plain-sight/
  7. https://trademarks.justia.com/857/83/make-america-great-85783371.html
Andrei Shleifer and Len Blavatnik
Len Blavatnik, a US-Russian oligarch currently under investigation by Mueller, graduated from Harvard in 1989 and quickly formed Renova-Invest with Viktor Vekselberg, another oligarch under Mueller’s investigation (7)(8). Since then Blavatnik has maintained close ties to the university.
In 1992, after the fall of the Soviet Union, Andrei Shleifer led a consortium of Harvard professors to assist Russia’s vice-president, Antaoly Chubais, with the privatization of Russia’s state-run assets. Scandal broke when it was revealed Shleifer, through Blavatnik’s company and with Blavatnik’s guidance, invested in the very companies he worked to privatize. (6)
Years later, Shleifer continued to fund loans to Blavatnik for Russian ventures through his hedge fund, managed by his wife, Nancy Zimmerman (9), and created the Russian Recovery Fund which bought $230 million of Russian debt from Julian Robertson’s Tiger Management (10), who’s seed fun, Tiger Global, later invested in Milner’s DST.
Len Blavatnik and Viktor Vekselberg are major investors in Rusal (11).
Schleifer is still a professor at Harvard.
  1. http://harry-lewis.blogspot.com/2014/01/some-russian-money-flows-back-to-harvard.html
  2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leonard_Blavatnik#cite_note-Yenikeyeff-7
  3. https://abcnews.go.com/Politics/investigators-follow-flow-money-trump-wealthy-donors-russian/story?id=50100024
  4. https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2014/01/20/the-billionaires-playlist
  5. https://law.justia.com/cases/federal/appellate-courts/cafc/16-1718/16-1718-2017-03-14.html
  6. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-04-25/tangled-rusal-ownership-thwarts-easy-end-to-sanctions-quicktake
Breyer and Harvard
On April 2013, two months after Breyer was elected to the board of Harvard (1), Len Blavatnik, donated $50 million to the school (2) and joined the Board of Dean’s Advisors (3)(4) and Harvard’s Global Advisory Council (6) alongside Breyer. The next month Breyer announced plans to step down from the board of Facebook with an intention of focusing on his latest Harvard appointment (5).
In 2016 Len Blavatnik donated over $7 million to GOP candidates, including $2.5 million to Mitch McConnell himself (7).
  1. https://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2013/02/breyer_elected/
  2. https://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2013/04/blavatnik_accelerator_donation/
  3. https://www.accessindustries.com/about/academic-boards-committees/
  4. https://www.cnbc.com/2017/07/21/delivering-alpha-2017-jim-breyer.html
  5. https://sanfrancisco.cbslocal.com/2013/04/27/facebook-board-member-jim-breyer-stepping-down/
  6. http://docplayer.net/54127503-Harvard-global-advisory-council.html
  7. https://www.dallasnews.com/opinion/commentary/2017/08/03/tangled-web-connects-russian-oligarch-money-gop-campaigns
Breyer invests in Russian Companies
In 2014 Breyer’s Accel Partners invested in Russian hotel booking site, Ostrovok, along with Yuri Milner, Esther Dyson (1), Mark Pincus, and Peter Thiel (2).
Accel Partners also invested in Avito.ru in 2012 (3) and KupiVIP.ru in 2011 (4).
  1. https://techcrunch.com/2014/06/18/ostrovok-raises-new-12m-series-c-round-to-expand-outside-russia/
  2. http://idcee.org/participants/companies/ostrovok/
  3. http://www.ewdn.com/2012/05/02/avito-ru-secures-75-million-investment-from-accel-partners-and-baring-vostok/
  4. http://www.ewdn.com/2011/04/14/leading-private-shopping-club-kupivip-ru-completes-55-m-funding/
Jim Breyer, Blackstone Group, and Saudi Arabia
In 2011 Schwarzman was named to the board of the Russian Direct Investment Fund (2), headed by Kirill Dimitriev.
In June 2016, during Trump’s presidential campaign, Jim Breyer met with Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin-Salman, or MBS (8). The next month Breyer joined the board of Blackstone Group (1) alongside Stephen Schwarzman and Jacob Rothschild (3). In the past Blackstone Group had loaned Kushner Companies a combined $400 million over multiple projects (7). In the 2018 election cycle, Schwzarman donated $5 million to the pro-McConnell superPAC, Senate Majority PAC (13).
Jacob’s brother, Nat, is business partners with both Oleg Deripaska (4), Rupert Murdoch, and Dick Cheney (5). Nat is also a major investor in Glencore, one of the purchasers of Rosneft stock detailed in the Steele Dossier (6), and RusAl.
In January 2017, Breyer’s business partner at Wickr, Erik Prince, was introduced to Dimitriev by MBS’s emissary, George Nader, and the Crown Prince of the UAE (10).
On October 22, 2018, three weeks after the murder of Jamal Khashoggi, when most American investors were spooked away from Saudi Arabia, Jim Breyer showed up at an MBS-hosted Saudi business summit alongside Kirill Dimitriev of the Russian Direct Investment Fund (9). That same day, MBS pledged $20 billion for Blackstone Group's new infrastructure fund (11) to fund Elaine Chao's $1.5 trillion infrastructure plan (12). Elaine Chao, Mitch McConnells wife and Jim Breyer's sister-in-law, is Trump's Secretary of Transportation.
  1. https://www.blackstone.com/media/press-releases/article/jim-breyer-to-join-blackstone-s-board-of-directors
  2. https://rdif.ru/Eng_fullNews/53/
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacob_Rothschild,_4th_Baron_Rothschild
  4. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/politics/conservative/3236166/Muddy-waters-over-Oleg-Deripaska-Nat-Rothschild-and-George-Osborne.html
  5. https://www.nationofchange.org/2017/01/15/cheney-rothschild-fox-news-murdoch-drill-oil-syria-violating-international-law/
  6. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nathaniel_Philip_Rothschild
  7. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-05-26/the-kushners-the-saudis-and-blackstone-behind-the-recent-deals
  8. https://www.thetrustedinsight.com/investment-news/saudi-prince-mohammed-met-with-20-silicon-valley-innovators-in-tech-summit-20160628142/
  9. https://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-moelis-saudi-arabia-20181023-story.html
  10. https://www.vox.com/2018/3/7/17088908/erik-prince-trump-russia-seychelles-mueller
  11. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-22/how-blackstone-landed-20-billion-from-saudis-for-infrastructure
  12. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-10-22/how-blackstone-landed-20-billion-from-saudis-for-infrastructure
  13. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/post-politics/wp/2018/07/20/big-money-is-flowing-into-the-2018-fight-for-the-senate/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.f59ac6f2ebe5
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