List of address prefixes - Bitcoin Wiki

Gridcoin 5.0.0.0-Mandatory "Fern" Release

https://github.com/gridcoin-community/Gridcoin-Research/releases/tag/5.0.0.0
Finally! After over ten months of development and testing, "Fern" has arrived! This is a whopper. 240 pull requests merged. Essentially a complete rewrite that was started with the scraper (the "neural net" rewrite) in "Denise" has now been completed. Practically the ENTIRE Gridcoin specific codebase resting on top of the vanilla Bitcoin/Peercoin/Blackcoin vanilla PoS code has been rewritten. This removes the team requirement at last (see below), although there are many other important improvements besides that.
Fern was a monumental undertaking. We had to encode all of the old rules active for the v10 block protocol in new code and ensure that the new code was 100% compatible. This had to be done in such a way as to clear out all of the old spaghetti and ring-fence it with tightly controlled class implementations. We then wrote an entirely new, simplified ruleset for research rewards and reengineered contracts (which includes beacon management, polls, and voting) using properly classed code. The fundamentals of Gridcoin with this release are now on a very sound and maintainable footing, and the developers believe the codebase as updated here will serve as the fundamental basis for Gridcoin's future roadmap.
We have been testing this for MONTHS on testnet in various stages. The v10 (legacy) compatibility code has been running on testnet continuously as it was developed to ensure compatibility with existing nodes. During the last few months, we have done two private testnet forks and then the full public testnet testing for v11 code (the new protocol which is what Fern implements). The developers have also been running non-staking "sentinel" nodes on mainnet with this code to verify that the consensus rules are problem-free for the legacy compatibility code on the broader mainnet. We believe this amount of testing is going to result in a smooth rollout.
Given the amount of changes in Fern, I am presenting TWO changelogs below. One is high level, which summarizes the most significant changes in the protocol. The second changelog is the detailed one in the usual format, and gives you an inkling of the size of this release.

Highlights

Protocol

Note that the protocol changes will not become active until we cross the hard-fork transition height to v11, which has been set at 2053000. Given current average block spacing, this should happen around October 4, about one month from now.
Note that to get all of the beacons in the network on the new protocol, we are requiring ALL beacons to be validated. A two week (14 day) grace period is provided by the code, starting at the time of the transition height, for people currently holding a beacon to validate the beacon and prevent it from expiring. That means that EVERY CRUNCHER must advertise and validate their beacon AFTER the v11 transition (around Oct 4th) and BEFORE October 18th (or more precisely, 14 days from the actual date of the v11 transition). If you do not advertise and validate your beacon by this time, your beacon will expire and you will stop earning research rewards until you advertise and validate a new beacon. This process has been made much easier by a brand new beacon "wizard" that helps manage beacon advertisements and renewals. Once a beacon has been validated and is a v11 protocol beacon, the normal 180 day expiration rules apply. Note, however, that the 180 day expiration on research rewards has been removed with the Fern update. This means that while your beacon might expire after 180 days, your earned research rewards will be retained and can be claimed by advertising a beacon with the same CPID and going through the validation process again. In other words, you do not lose any earned research rewards if you do not stake a block within 180 days and keep your beacon up-to-date.
The transition height is also when the team requirement will be relaxed for the network.

GUI

Besides the beacon wizard, there are a number of improvements to the GUI, including new UI transaction types (and icons) for staking the superblock, sidestake sends, beacon advertisement, voting, poll creation, and transactions with a message. The main screen has been revamped with a better summary section, and better status icons. Several changes under the hood have improved GUI performance. And finally, the diagnostics have been revamped.

Blockchain

The wallet sync speed has been DRASTICALLY improved. A decent machine with a good network connection should be able to sync the entire mainnet blockchain in less than 4 hours. A fast machine with a really fast network connection and a good SSD can do it in about 2.5 hours. One of our goals was to reduce or eliminate the reliance on snapshots for mainnet, and I think we have accomplished that goal with the new sync speed. We have also streamlined the in-memory structures for the blockchain which shaves some memory use.
There are so many goodies here it is hard to summarize them all.
I would like to thank all of the contributors to this release, but especially thank @cyrossignol, whose incredible contributions formed the backbone of this release. I would also like to pay special thanks to @barton2526, @caraka, and @Quezacoatl1, who tirelessly helped during the testing and polishing phase on testnet with testing and repeated builds for all architectures.
The developers are proud to present this release to the community and we believe this represents the starting point for a true renaissance for Gridcoin!

Summary Changelog

Accrual

Changed

Most significantly, nodes calculate research rewards directly from the magnitudes in EACH superblock between stakes instead of using a two- or three- point average based on a CPID's current magnitude and the magnitude for the CPID when it last staked. For those long-timers in the community, this has been referred to as "Superblock Windows," and was first done in proof-of-concept form by @denravonska.

Removed

Beacons

Added

Changed

Removed

Unaltered

As a reminder:

Superblocks

Added

Changed

Removed

Voting

Added

Changed

Removed

Detailed Changelog

[5.0.0.0] 2020-09-03, mandatory, "Fern"

Added

Changed

Removed

Fixed

submitted by jamescowens to gridcoin [link] [comments]

CryptoSmarts 4: The Best Free Password Managers

CryptoSmarts 4: The Best Free Password Managers
MintDice is proud to bring you the fourth part of the CryptoSmarts series, a 100% unbiased/non-affiliate paid article set that will focus on relatively simple ways you can boost your privacy, take power away from overbearing governments and corporations while also doing relative good for society all at the same time with minimal effort. Rest assured that anything suggested here is solely for your own benefit.
In this article, we'll take a deep dive into password managers, which applications to go for, how to optimize your password managers and which ones to avoid. It's of increasing importance for all users to adopt a password manager because commonly used passwords and repeated use of log-in + password combinations are the two weakest points in any normal individual's security online. Meanwhile, memorizing dozens of unique and complex passwords is beyond the scope of what most people can do, especially long term. Thus password managers have been created as a way to store multiple passwords into a single file that can help ensure your security and privacy online.
For a little encouragement, we'll share the now extremely famous dialogue between Edward Snowden and John Oliver talking about passwords. As should be painfully obvious by now, password managers are one of the best solutions to this entire dilemma.

https://preview.redd.it/ribbtjwz1it51.png?width=1000&format=png&auto=webp&s=3c3a9a31bdb8c4f9ec83bea98638fec5dd78b38f

PASSWORD MANAGER BASICS

We should first note that not all password managers are created the same as we've noted with software across all of our other articles. By and large, we'll be looking for similar characteristics in our password managers as we would our other software which includes open sourced software protocols and best software security practices. And when it comes to Bitcoin, cryptocurrency and your entire life's work on the internet, there is a lot at stake here. I'd argue that it is more important for password managers than for any other application to make sure to get this one correct since it will have your entire livelihood on the line.
The very amazing thing with demanding open sourced software for your password manager is that it by definition will also be free at the most basic level. This is because if it weren't, all it would take would be someone to fork over a program to make it free. So you are in a sense getting the best of both worlds here; a free software that is also of the highest quality. Meanwhile, ironically, many of the more commonly known password managers like Dashlane or Lastpass use closed source software and often charge fees to use their service. Funnily enough, Lastpass, the password manager itself, was actually formerly hacked in the past. One could argue this at least in part had to do with it's closed source software since having open sourced software at least in part makes software more secure. In short, do not used these closed source services that are frequently advertised for on the web as they are detrimental to you in more ways than one.

RECOMMENDED BEST PASSWORD MANAGERS

Bitwarden is our first recommendation. Bitwarden is truly one of the all time greats by approaching password management on the individual, team and even enterprise level to create a one size fits all solution. Bitwarden is compatible on virtually all devices out there from all desktops to mobile devices and so forth. Additionally, while they offer a centralized cloud service for free, Bitwarden is also set up to allow you to run your own private server to keep your own key base entirely under your own control, fully encrypted.

https://preview.redd.it/zmlkf5d12it51.jpg?width=770&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=02998b777d05ab00557a97c616a4b0d505b324aa
Next up we have KeePassXC which is a fork of one of the longest standing password managers in existence, formerly known as KeePass that halted a lot of it's ongoing development some time ago. KeePassXC was created as a locally held password manager application that could work across platforms. Unlike Bitwarden where your key file is held in cloud storage, KeePassXC is simply a program client and a local file that you must maintain and backup yourself. This has some pros and cons. The good news is that you have full control of everything related to KeePassXC as the program under most situations will not be talking to any online server which could expose private or sensitive information. The bad news is that if you ever were to lose control of your key file, you are completely out of luck. For this reason, it's imperative to back up your encrypted key file in multiple locations to protect against what would be catastrophic loss. You can do this with USB drives, e-mail accounts, cloud storage, safe deposit boxes or a whole host of other creative solutions that you might come up with.
The final recommended option is LessPass. LessPass is very interesting technology because it is a no-knowledge password manager. By inputting a few pieces of information which could be a master password in conjunction with an e-mail address or user name, a password is automatically attached to any URL address. It will simply cross all of these pieces of information via PBKDF2 and SHA-256 to produce random yet consistent outputs for any of your web browsing. The advantage of this program is that it is extremely light weight, and so long as you can remember your e-mail address, account name and master password, you can now gain full access to everything around the internet without the need of any files. The downside is some level of control over password flexibility since the passwords are automatically generated for you.
In summation of these three options, BitWarden is the best overall password manager for most people's use cases. Meanwhile, LessPass is probably best suited for the most casual user who contains fewer accounts across the internet and wants something extremely simple and easy to use. Lastly, KeePassXC, will be the ultimate in privacy password manager technology and is best suited for those that are prepared to take the extra steps to ensure their key file is kept up to date as the months and years tick by.

https://preview.redd.it/r4icjup22it51.jpg?width=1920&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=622cf1b967ec5622e3feb2b49e5ac29917629cdf

BEST PRACTICES WITH YOUR NEW PASSWORD MANAGER

Once you have chosen a password manager from the above list, it will be important to change all of your account passwords one by one to incorporate it into your new system. This will help you get away from your commonly used log-in and password combinations and over to your new, more secure and robust set up. With your new set up, if you have a key file to back up, you must now start getting in the habit of doing so, especially after major or important changes to your password manager. Or if you wish to use BItWarden with a private cloud server, make sure that that is fully set up and running.
Generally speaking, when choosing password length from your password manager for standard and robust security, 25 random characters, letters (and symbols if you wish, but they aren't necessary), is mostly considered to be uncrackable. This is because while every password is in theory beatable, it takes dramatically more computational energy over time to figure out what your password is, and at some point, it becomes unreasonable. That said, NSA grade security often holds itself up to 50 random characters which is considered to be unbreakable even on a government wide scale.
On that same token, you'll have to use a master password for your password manager. Given that you only need to know one password, it will now be extremely important to make this a very good password. Because a password that you need to remember most likely won't (or perhaps shouldn't) be completely random so that it's easy to remember, it should, at the very least, be long. I would suggest making sure that you come up with a master password that is at least 40 characters long or 125 bits of information. To check out how many bits of entropy your master password is, you can type it into the password field of KeePassXC and it will tell you roughly how secure your master password is. While 40 characters may seem like a lot, do keep in mind that this is now the only gateway between yourself and all of your access keys to all of your accounts held on this account.

Bits of Entropy Example on KeePassXC
Finally, it is worth investing in a YubiKey or similar 2-FA device if you can get one. This can apply to BitWarden and KeePassXC. With the normal password managers, a hacker will need access to not only your password but also your key file in order to have free reign over all of your accounts. However, a sophisticated hacker that has full access to your device with a keylogger could ultimately, in theory, compromise your full set up, and this would be disastrous for you. Fortunately, this can be resolved by buying and activating a Yubikey or other such device. The Yubikey example requires that a Yubikey, with a private key that you set up for your password manager, is present to access your database. Therefore, even if a hacker were to obtain your key file and your master password, they still won't be able gain access to your account. As a precaution, however, if you lose access to your Yubikey and/or private key, you too, will be locked out. Therefore, it is important to keep your Yubikey backed up and to keep extra copies available.

IN CONCLUSION

Owning Bitcoin or other cryptocurrencies comes with a lot of responsibility if you want to minimize risk. As does maintaining a strong hack-resistant presence online. One of the best defenses you can make is by implementing a password manager. Similar to the previous CryptoSmarts articles that we have written prior, it will take some small amount of set up work to get fully acclimated to your new system, but you'll thank yourself down the road that you have done this. And the sooner you start, the better, as things will only continue to get more complex, with more risk factors at play as the internet plays an ever increasing role in all of our day to day lives.
Finally, while the article is current as of the writing of the article, it will undoubtedly lose merit over time. Be sure to check if everything in this article is up to date or that any password manager that you select from this article continues development or continues to abide by the proper best practice principles.
If you enjoyed this article, we would encourage you to check out our other previous CryptoSmarts articles discussing private e-mails, secure messenger applications and proper web browsers.
submitted by MintDiceOfficial to MintDice [link] [comments]

Adult entertainment trough Devil´s Dragon Token

Adult entertainment trough Devil´s Dragon Token
Hello everyone, In this post I would like to talk about some of the DDGN Token features and company achievements.
https://preview.redd.it/of2xxl7gxtg51.png?width=640&format=png&auto=webp&s=b2ed2316a60511260102feb5f1a77750ff0c2c58
The company aims to revolutionize adult entertainment trough blockchain innovations presenting the opportunity to the user to be an active participant in this field using the Ecosystem. DEVIL´S DRAGON TOKEN is fully decentralized autonomous and encrypted. It offers the option to share, publish, and earn through selling, trading, exchanging, and utilizing the features of its ecosystem. A unique multi-use cryptocurrency with many active sites bringing new business models to life and disrupting the high set price of contemporary adult entertainment. DEVIL´S DRAGON TOKEN is a Ethereum based token that will be able to be used with any other Blockchain project or technology that is already operating.
DDGN is used on active sites to access related and wanted content. The full list can be found on the website by clicking on “Sites” or scrolling down. https://www.devilsdragon.com
TOKENOMICS. (ICO Information / Token Economy) Token name: DRAGON DEVIL Token Symbol: DDGN - Supply Token: 180 000 000 NOT MINTABLE Decimal: 18 - Token type: ERC20 CURRENT STATUS: Under Crowdsale with 5% PRE-SALE Token value 2000 DDGN = 1 ETH for PRIVATE - ONLY PRESALE In ITO sale the rate will be 1000 DDGN = 1 ETH START PRESALE: 2020-08-15 00:01 END: 2020-08-31 23:59
!Please note that only Ethereum is accepted. This will ensure transparency and prevent any fraudulent activities that may impact the value of the coins negatively!
Token Allocation: • Presale (PRIVATE SALE) 5% (All unsold tokens will be burned) • Crowdsale 55% (All unsold tokens will be burned) • Team & Partners 9% (Only used for new partnerships and strengthen the Team) • Reserved 6% (For Exchange and Legal Purposes) • Ecosystem 18% (Only used on our platforms like us write in our White Paper) • Development Team 2% (Used only for development and purposes none of these tokens will be sold) • Founder 4% (Used for administrative, regulatory and internal ecosystem needs only) • Ext Developer 1% (Non-Team Developers to be used for Testing and other Development Purposes on all Ecosystems and their features).
At this point DDGN is already listed on MyCryptoCheckout.
https://preview.redd.it/zgif2u4jxtg51.png?width=640&format=png&auto=webp&s=5ac7e157e30e1b15b5a7201370d3437deced898c
The ways to earn will be further possible by rewards and revenue sharing, live broadcasts, moderating content for the approval or disapproval of forum posts, mining for content, and arranging unused hard disk space. These are set just at the start point. The potential of the new features immense.
Presented Roadmap looks great: • Early 2018. KISSES TECH Established as a Czech Company (February) • Between the beginning of 2018 and the end of 2019. Fixed Adult Entertainment Coin + Many other projects related to Adult Entertainment and Blockchain to evolve and gather together: DDGN • Early 2020 Launch of the DDGN Project • Mid 2020 Launch of ETHpimp Q3 2020 ITO DDGN • Late 2020 Alpha version of the DDGN Dedicated Video Platform with a Decentralized Prize Service for Display and Manufacturing works with DDGN. On this platform the goal is to use a few supporting protocols such as ERC721 to make the videos like unique fine art creations. Luring a new business model which is fairer and more transparent. More Active Sites and More Partners for Ecosystems Alpha Version and Initial Registration First Delivery of Crowd Content Funding Network with Prizes & Decentralized Direct Revenue Sharing on the Stock exchange list
• Early 2021 DDGN Platform Beta Version Dedicated Videos that Live Immediately with Real Rewards and Share Earnings for Views & Creations CDCFN.COM Fully Active with the Distribution of Live Prizes and Adding New Sites to the Ecosystem makes DDGN more rare, enjoyable, and valuable to everyone involved.
Also surfing the blog (https://www.devilsdragon.com/blog) I found very interesting facts about CDCFN (Content Delivery Crowd Funding Network): www.cdcfn.com
A forum like website on which people share their original content and earn rewards in DDGN (Devil´s Dragon) Earned DDGN, as mentioned before will be available for exchanging to Bitcoin, Ethereum or other currency. The platform has a members shop, too, where members can earn and spend their earned tokens (DDGN) they gained from the site. Members Shop is integrated to work along side loads of other applications & plugins. Below is presented DDGN Tokens Earning System
  1. Forums - will allow member to earn tokens for starting topics, replying to other topics or to their own one.
  2. Downloads – Earning by uploading files on the platform, reviewing, commenting. Also receiving tokens for each download of their uploaded file.
  3. Calendar – Earning by submitting events, reviewing and commenting on the events.
  4. Gallery - Allowing members to earn for uploading images, reviewing and commenting on images.
  5. Commerce – Earning for a review on a product
  6. Reactions - Allowing members to earn DDGN Tokens for receiving reactions from their content.
  7. Clubs - Awarding users for joining a club and creating topics, replying and uploading files in clubs.
  8. Media Uploader - Awarding DDGN Tokens to users for uploading documents, images, audio and video files.
  9. Bonus DDGN Tokens – Awarding users on a daily, weekly and monthly basis. The user will have to log in at least on time in that period.
  10. Award DDGN Tokens - Awarding DDGN to your selected members or user groups via the ACP. On the user profile a section will be possible to add showing the amount of DDGN and a link to donate. The platform will have integrated Warning System which penalizes members if they receive a warning by removing DDGN tokens and setting different amounts of DDGN for different warn reasons. Members Shop Items – allowing members to spend their tokens Each item can be created unlimited times and admins can select different prices and permissions Creating categories to place the items in Setting moderator permissions to allow certain members to buy items for free All items use their own code Each item can have its own permission settings to select what usergroups can view it, buy it or send it Members can sell back their unwanted items at a cost of a certain % of the items price admins will set in the ACP After a user stores an item it will store the rewards for that purchase, so say they store multiple items, then at a later time admins change the rewards for that item in the ACP, they will still receive the rewards set when they purchased the item The list of default items: • Opening a random post count mystery box • Opening a random reputation DDGN Tokens mystery box • Changing username • Changing member title • Adding or editing signature • Uploading an avatar • Opening a mystery DDGN Tokens box • Opening a mystery items box • Resetting users´ warning DDGN Tokens • Allowing members to go browse anonymous until their session ends • Viewing a password from a password protected forum • Playing Rock, Paper, Scissors, Lizard, Spock • Allowing users to pin topics for a selected amount of days • Allowing members to feature files for a selected amount of days • Upgrading usergroup for x amount of days, months or years • Gambling to win a random trophy from Trophy’s & Medals • Buying a trophy from Trophy’s & Medals • Buying a medal from Trophy’s & Medals • Guessing the number • Embedding a video to profile • Uploading an image to use as a background on profile • Sending a personal sticky note • Adding / Editing social info • Custom Codes / Vouchers / Coupons • Creating custom codes for members to purchase including game codes / voucher codes and so on • Once a user redeems this item they will instantly receive a PM with the code attached
List of custom items: • Each Custom Item has to be manually awarded to the members, it could be for a coupon code, it could be anything • Choosing to receive a notification or email saying x member brought x custom item and admins need to award it • Showing a table in the ACP with all custom purchases users have brought showing if the item has been awarded or not • Adding a block to the ACP dashboard with the total amount of items admins need to award manually
Statistics Pages : • Shows a statistics page with a graph of the global DDGN Tokens gained on platform per day / week / month • Shows another statistics page with a graph of the amount of shop items purchased globally and the global DDGN Tokens spent per day / week / month • Shows a 3rd statistics page with a graph of the global DDGN Tokens won using items what you gamble your DDGN Tokens with
Members Bank: • Allowing members to store their DDGN Tokens in a bank • Charging members to deposit their DDGN Tokens • Awarding interest to members each month on their banked DDGN Tokens • Members can view all their transactions in a nice and tidy pop up table • Showing a table in the ACP with all the members who have created a bank account • Showing a 3D pie chart in the ACP with the DDGN Tokens per member group • Showing a 3D pie chart in the ACP with the current interest to pay per usergroup • Showing a graph of the banks transactions from your selected time periods
ACP: • Showing a table listing all Normal items purchased with all the information of the item purchase • Showing a table listing all custom items purchased with all the information of the item purchase • Showing a table listing all custom code items purchased with all the information of the purchase • Showing a table listing all the membergroup upgrade items purchased with all the information of the upgrade, expire date
• Choosing what user groups can gain DDGN Tokens with-in the forums / downloads / reaction settings • Generating unique purchases • Showing the shop items in a nice and clean node table giving you the ability to drag and drop them to different categories and sort them in your preferred positions • Selecting the amount of items to show per page in the shop and items page • Choosing the select to view the shop page / items page / rewards & logs page from either a table view or a nice new grid view • If admins allow users to send items to others admins can select a % of the value of the item to charge the users to send that item • Picking to show either a category in the sidebar of show the categories in a filter button on the table itself • Adding a block to the ACP dashboard showing the amount of custom items admins need to award to the users
With that said, I would like to hear your opinion about the project and the features that the team provides for us!
All this information and much more can be found on the below links.
Website: https://www.devilsdragon.com/
White paper: https://www.devilsdragon.com/whitepaper.pdf
Blog: https://www.devilsdragon.com/blog/
ANN: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5260322
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/devilsdragonofficial
Twitter: https://twitter.com/dragon_devils
Discord: https://discord.com/invite/xCwyntG
Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/useDevilsDragon
Telegram: https://t.me/devilsdragon_official
E-mail: [email protected]
Company behind of DDGN Token and development of the platform is KISSES TECHNOLOGY (Group) s.r.o
About the author: Proof of authentication link - https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=5260492.msg54989967#msg54989967 Bitcointalk Username - ijeb Bitcointalk URL - https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?action=profile;u=1668500
submitted by ijeblowrider to u/ijeblowrider [link] [comments]

ARK. Here's what's it's all about, what's been going on, and what's coming. [Explain Like I'm Busy]

Dude, it said explain like I'm busy I'm not going to read all this

No problem. Check out these hand-picked relevant ARK Crypto Podcast episodes. Learn while you listen, drive to work or home, cook a steak, give your dog a bath, etc.
If you have decided to read all this, thanks, keep reading for a concise breakdown!

So what's the current big thing going on with ARK right NOW?

ARK.io has recently announced on both its blog and its Twitter that ARK Core v2.6 is coming to Mainnet February 11th. The iteration of 2.6 may sound anticlimactic, but it's far from that. Core v2.6 is the biggest upgrade to date- even bigger than the total Core overhaul performed for v2.0, deployed late 2018.
The new version brings new transaction types to the ARK Public Network, including types that will play a role in creating an ecosystem of linked chains. This ecosystem of linked chains will have the ARK Public Network in the center of the action, storing chain details and allowing for chain discovery.
These new transaction types include:
Multipayments — sending to multiple ARK addresses, while just initiating one transaction, saves time and cost
Multisignatures — you can now get all of the benefits of multisignatures where more than one user can propose or spend funds depending on the predefined terms (eg. 2 out of 3 users needed to successfully send tokens, vote, …)
IPFS — register IPFS compliant hashes on the ARK blockchain within Desktop Wallet.
Business & Bridgechain registrations — you can now register your business and bridgechain on the blockchain and soon, you will be able to get verified via our Marketplace to get access to some exciting new features.
Delegate resignation — delegates who don’t want to be voted for anymore can now opt-out of this by simply initiating delegate resignation.
Additionally, the Core v2.6 improves security against double-spend attacks by implementing nonces. Also, massive enhancements were made to the GTI or Generic Transaction Interface, a critical tool for developers who wish to develop decentralized applications.

What is ARK's unique approach to current issues plaguing the blockchain industry?

ARK empowers everyone, regardless of their aim or technical background, to quickly and easily leverage blockchain technology. In the current hype-driven blockchain landscape, ARK acts as a beacon for individuals, groups, and enterprises seeking to apply blockchain technology to both reach their individual goals and affect change in their local community. ARK’s uniquely simple technology stack allows almost anyone to create and deploy standalone blockchains for any use case with an intuitive graphical user interface and experience. These newly created blockchains also known as bridgechains will have the ability to interoperate through ARK SmartBridge Technology. ARK is also reinventing smart contracts with ARK Logic, a collection of tools including custom transaction types, templates, and plugins. ARK Logic brings security, adaptability, and scalability to decentralized computing workflows. Most importantly, the ARK Ecosystem fosters a growing international community of developers, node operators, blockchains, businesses, and enthusiasts who collectively breathe life into this disruptive technology. Get into the interactive whitepaper here.

Tell me about the ARK Public Network

Ok, no problem. Since coming online on March 21, 2017, the APN has operated as a P2P cryptocurrency with fast block times of 8 seconds and low dynamic fees (near a penny and somewhat novel for a DPoS blockchain). However, the end goal of the APN far exceeds that of just a cryptocurrency that is faster and cheaper to use than Bitcoin. I'll explain further in a minute.
The network, as mentioned, is set up as Delegated Proof-of-Stake. This means forging delegates are deemed worthy to secure the chain and add blocks to it by the holders of the ARK token, which vote for delegates using their ARK as vote weight. ARK remains in users' control at all times, and the top 51 delegates in vote weight enter forging status. The network awards each delegate 2 ARK per block (~12,705 ARK/mo) for services rendered. This continues ad infinitum resulting in a declining inflation rate each year (relative to total supply). When users add or remove ARK from a voting wallet address, vote weight adjusts automatically and they don't need to vote again. Voting continues even if user's wallet is offline.
The main uses of ARK as the cryptoasset of the ARK Public Network besides being a P2P cryptocurrency include:
If you're interested in more details about APN uses, check this direct link to that section of whitepaper.

Is team good?

Yes, team good. Team very good. General sentiment among ARK team members is that ARK is a dream project to work on, and this motivates them to do great work on a consistent basis as the ARK technology stack progresses. Very recently, ARK hired an additional half dozen people in various departments, including marketing department. This brings ARK team total to over three dozen experts. The ARK business entity is also well funded with around 10 years of budget. The ARK business entity spends funds in a very sensible manner compared to some other projects who spend with insufficient foresight or discretion.
Members of the board are thoughtful and deliberate, and the CEO FX Thoorens has been hard at work putting a spotlight on ARK, showing an 'intermeshing' of ARK with the global regulatory landscape in regards to crypto. Recently, ARK became a founding member of ADAN, a professional association based in France created to help structure and develop the digital assets industry. Other members include Consensys France and Ledger. ADAN will consult with public authorities, industry leaders and private bodies to promote the use of digital assets and all activities in this sector. This includes exchange platforms, brokers, hardware, protocols, decentralized applications and blockchain technology platforms. Hear FX Thoorens talk more about this in this podcast episode.
The ARK business entity is located in France, but the ARK team is distributed across 10+ countries and multiple continents.

What's going to happen?

Cool stuff. Organizations and open source projects have been stumbling across ARK and really like what they see. Multiple projects are working with ARK technology and are at various stages of development, but since you're busy, I'll highlight the project nOS which recently launched their public testnet and uses ARK technology for their blockchain. nOS also has great things to say about ARK that you can hear in this podcast episode or watch in this video.
We believe that as more businesses, organizations, and open source projects start looking around for blockchain solutions, they will also enjoy ARK's simplicity, flexibility, and feature set. Our powerful technology stack is backed up by a recently upgraded documentation hub for developers.
The product we have that makes it very easy for projects to join the ARK Ecosystem is called the ARK Deployer, which you can learn about in this two minute video. It allows developers from all walks of life to create, customize and launch a standalone blockchain in three simple steps. In the near future, what's going to happen is a big improvement to the Deployer. The ARK Deployer will get an upgraded and more powerful user interface that also facilitates chain management post-launch, as well as interface directly with cloud providers like Digital Ocean to launch genesis node and peers in background. This would allow for a massive leap forward in our vision of 'Point. Click. Blockchain.'
ARK.io is also working on a Marketplace for developers, where custom plugins and tools developed by both ARK.io as well as third parties can be acquired for assembling blockchains much easier. Imagine a wordpress-type environment where you can create a super-powerful and customized blockchain by connecting Legos together. In the same way that early World Wide Web needed WordPress/Squarespace style tools to bring the technology to every business or organization, we believe that this need will be out there for blockchain technology as this new decade progresses.
There is more cool stuff that is going to happen, but I'll wrap it up there for now.

After reading all this stuff, what is it you want me to do?

Well, not make any financial decisions, because that is not the purpose of this information. However, as a developer, there's a lot of interesting things you should know and may want to consider doing. The ARK technology stack uses TypeScript and other JS-style frameworks, so if you know those, you should get excited.
Here's some additional less 'developery' stuff you can do:
Thanks for coming along for the ride of this post. ARK has been out here, it's out here, and it's going to continue to be out here, doing its part to make sure everybody knows that blockchains are, in fact, a thing.
submitted by doubled1c3 to ArkEcosystem [link] [comments]

CMV: Requiring a password for "sudo" access on desktop Linux systems is nothing but security theater.

Furthermore: on desktop systems it is perfectly fine to put NOPASSWD:ALL in your /etc/sudoers and similar in /etc/polkit-1/rules.d. In fact, I think this should be the default so users do not get a false sense of security.
For clarity, I'm not saying that all accounts should have sudo access, just saying that there's no meaningful security distinction between "sudo access with password" and "sudo access without password", and the "with password" path does nothing but wasting the user's time and giving them a false sense of security.
Argument #1: compromising a user account effectively compromises everything you care about.
As the relevant XKCD says, if your user account is compromised, the attacker cal already do everything he probably cares about. This includes:
Yes, you can run a remote access tool without root. Starting programs at boot does not require root (see systemctl --user, .bashrc, crontab -e, whatever). Internet access does not require root (see: your browser). I frequently see users thinking that remote access kits require root for some reason. Thanks to the X protocol, keylogging does not require root access either on most systems.
The uses for root-level access I can think of is (1) to infect other users of the system, and (2) to install a rootkit infecting your firmware to survive OS reinstallation. The alleged other users do most likely not exist on desktop systems, and only advanced viruses would put rootkits in firmware—viruses with that level of sophistication may as well use the following point to gain root access after compromising an user account.
Argument #2: compromising access to a user account with sudo access effectively compromises root, and a password check won't stop that.
If your account is in the sudoers file, actively used, and an attacker compromises your account, there are a bazillion ways to get access to root. Here are some examples:
Since Linux has made it effectively impossible to use a system without occasional root usage, you will elevate yourself to root at some point, and at that point the attacker will be able to steal said root access one way or another.
Often-heard counterargument: "If you allow sudo without password and leave your computer unattended without locking it, then some passerby may be able to sudo something, but if sudo required a password, he wouldn't have the time to do one of the advanced techniques above."
Reply: targeted attacks can "curl URL_OF_REMOTE_ACCESS_KIT_INSTALLATION_SCRIPT | bash". Random passerby trolls can ruin your day with "rm -rf ~". Both can be typed fairly quickly and neither requires root-level access.
Although I do consider myself a security-focused person, entering my password upon every sudo is still something I consider a waste of keystrokes and a source of security myths. Since the majority of the Linux world seems to disagree with me, I would like to know whether there's something major I'm overlooking.
submitted by ArchaicArchivist to changemyview [link] [comments]

Creamcoin 0.18.0.0 – following Bitcoin’s tale

Creamcoin 0.18.0.0 – following Bitcoin’s tale

06/08/2019 3 min read📷216SHARES216VIEWSShare on Twitter
When new Creamcoin was designed, we had in mind not only a coin that would hold parity with any cryptocurrency, but something that would demonstrate the extra-special capabilities of a decentralized ledger, capable to introduce, help and bring it further to the regular people. Blockchain developing is unstoppable complex process with endless possibilities. Integration of applications on such a technology could achieve better, secure pass of value.
0.18.0.0

On August 5th, 2019 Creamcoin code was successfully updated to the latest Bitcoin version 0.18.0
https://github.com/creamcoin/cream/
With this latest release, we proved that Creamcoin itself it’s not a sort of a tenant to the Bitcoin. Much easier to apply and to pursue the main purpose of existence and to create further innovations in our Cream Line. The new release brings tremendous performance improvements, as well as integration will be much easier for any platform, exchange or integrator. Wallets are available to Releases tab on github
WALLETS

Multi-wallet support

Cream Core now supports loading multiple, separate wallets. The wallets are completely separated, with individual balances, keys and received transactions. Multi-wallet is enabled by using more than one -wallet argument when starting Creamcoin, either on the command line or in the Cream config file. In Creamcoin-Qt, only the first wallet will be displayed and accessible for creating and signing transactions. GUI selectable multiple wallets will be supported in a future version. This feature will continue to be refined with later updates, as there are still some known issues in using the GUI to access the “multiwallet” command. The most notable is that you can’t use coin control features with multiple wallets loaded, or else you will likely retain the wrong wallet when attempting to switch wallets.
When running Cream Core with multi-wallet, wallet-level RPC methods must specify the wallet for which they’re intended in every request. HTTP RPC requests should be send to the :/wallet// endpoint, for example 127.0.0.1:8332/wallet/wallet1.dat/. bitcoin-cli commands should be run with a -rpcwallet option, for example [bitcoin-cli -rpcwallet=wallet1.dat getbalance] A new node-level [listwallets] RPC method is added to display which wallets are currently loaded. Starting command for both wallets should look like this: [creamd -daemon -wallet=wallet1.dat -wallet=wallet2.dat]

Hardware Wallet native compatibility

With a new release of Cream Core the possibility is added in the form of use hardware wallets (Ledger, Trezor, Digital BitBox, KeepKey, Coldcard), but this process is manual and involves the use of Hardware Wallet Interaction (HWI) tool and it needs HW support and addition of Cream in the future, which is not excluded from roadmap. This is a great news for everyone who use Cream Core, and want extra security. Only applies to those who can use command line/CLI (for now), and when some of Hardware wallets actually supports Cream.

SegWit 4MB limit

SegWit replacing the block size limit with a block “weight” limit, allowing up to 4 megabytes of transaction data, and giving a substantial boost in the transaction capacity of the Cream network.

www.creamcoin.com

In the same with the new code update, Creamcoin Team is doing major shifting power, migrating the marketing and promotion activities, from our news site cream.technology to our main page www.creamcoin.com. We will come up with additional statement in this matter, so our supporters and followers have better perspective of Cream Line and the products of it.
In the meantime we are looking into new ways that developers can enhance the capabilities of the Creamcoin protocol, integration of decentralized exchange functionality, lightning network and number of other options that would allow for different types of conditional sends of Creamcoin assets. We are inviting any individual, platform, exchange or integrator who would like to submit recommendations or feature requests, feel free to contribute to the Creamcoin Github.
By Cream Team
submitted by creamcointeam to u/creamcointeam [link] [comments]

Vechain in the last 30 Days: Apotheosis, Blockchain X, BMW, University partnership, DApp ecosystem, BitOcean ICO, Carbon banking, Live use cases, Early adopter rewards and more

This post is for those who are new to Cryptocurrency or want to find out more about VeChain. The text "VeChain" has been banned in this subreddit for the last 30 days. For more details about the ban itself, please visit this cryptocurrencymeta post. Changes have been made and official channels of communications have been opened up to prevent this from happening in the future.
All feedback is welcome, and all discussion is encouraged, but please no moon-posting, ridiculous price speculation or baseless FUD. Looking forward to answering any questions you guys have :) VeChain Foundation COO Kevin Feng is holding a Business AMA with Boxmining today, so new information is coming very soon.

TL:DR.

Updates from the last 30 days

It's been a big month for VeChain as they have continued to work and share with the community. Here are the updates from their Official Medium channel and Reddit Rebrand Post

New website - https://www.vechain.org/

It has loads of useful information and a well produced introduction video. I would highly recommend reading through the website to get an idea of the scope of what VeChainThor is trying to accomplish.
"We are controlled by the few, the powerful and the greedy. We should be free. Free to choose, to trade, to create. It is time for a new world, a world founded on safety and security. A world where everything you do creates power, power for all. And you, you will decide the shape of this world. The power to change the future, is in your hands. VeChain." VeChain Introduction Video

What is Blockchain X?

Blockchain X is a global enterprise level public blockchain platform. VeChainThor is referring to their network/protocol as Blockchain X, to differentiate it from Bitcoin (Blockchain 1.0) and Ethereum (Blockchain 2.0 = Blockchain 1.0 + Smart Contracts).

Blockchain X = Blockchain 2.0 + IoT + AI + VET/VeThor = A living digital ecosystem

  • Blockchain = structure - bones, muscle etc (immutable trustworthy network)
  • IoT = senses - touch, vision, taste, smell, sound (collect real world information from RFID/NFC/QR etc.)
  • VET/VeThor = bone marrow/blood - generate blood & circulate (value transfer on the network)
  • AI = brain - information synthesis (automation of network with deep learning)

VeChainThor: the top candidate for enterprise and government level adoption of Blockchain

VeChainThor has an extremely strong development plan geared towards enterprise and government level adoption. If successful in their execution, I see VeChain being the leading cryptoasset comparable to Ethereum in size. The reasons I believe they will succeed are due to their ecosystem development, innovative governance model, robust economic model and strong strategic partnerships. The evidence of their success is snowballing with each new enterprise level partner and client.

DApps & Ecosystem development

The infrastructure layer has adoption in mind at the very core. Governments and enterprises will prioritise safety and security before venturing into blockchain adoption. (Mentioned in the introduction video.) The core DApps, VeVID (Verified identity, KYC/AML), VeVOT (Voting, Governance tool) and VeSCC (Smart Contract Certification, Regulatory compliance) provide the safety and security that governments and enterprises will demand. Blockchain X will have built-in KYC/AML, Governance and Regulation compliance. This sets it apart from other protocols and ICO platforms.

Governance model

The governance model is a balanced mix of decentralisation and centralisation. With problems such as Bitcoin's scaling debate, it appears that a purely decentralised governance structure may be inefficient. VeChain will use a new model of a decentralised system through centralised channels. The final decisions will be made in a decentralised democratic process through VeVOT by stakeholders with voting authority. I believe this model will be more widely adopted as it retains some of the efficient centralised channels that enterprise & government are familiar with, while still giving overall control to the network participants via a democratic voting system.

Economic model

The two-token economic model splits the value in the network into VET and VeThor. VET's primary function is to generate VeThor. VeThor represents the underlying costs of using the VeChainThor blockchain. All smart contract execution and transactions will require payment with VeThor. Through the dynamic rate of VeThor generation, the fiat value of VeThor can be kept relatively stable. For example, if the VeThor price was too high due to an increase in enterprise demand, the VeThor generation rate can be increased, which increases supply, and brings the price back down. The opposite is also true if the VeThor price is too low. The way I see VET is a store of value, a representation of ownership of part of the network and the right to use the network. Whereas VeThor is the perfect medium of exchange and a pure utility token. By using a two-token system, VeThor can have a stable fiat value over a long period of time. A company will be able to calculate how much VeThor will be needed for a consistent fiat value year after year and will be able to budget for this. This is extremely useful for enterprise and government level adoption since it removes the inherent price volatility from a nascent market like crypto.
VeChain also has a Node system, whereby holding VET generates additional rewards. Nodes of different levels will generate up to 200% additional VeThor compared to the base rate. This encourages long term staking in the network and decreases volatility. See the Apotheosis Part II article and X Series Node article for more information. A portion of VET supply will be locked up when nodes activate. Long term VET holders will not sell and downgrade their status. This decreased supply will lead to price increases. Early adopters (Deadline to stake: Before 20th March 2018) will be rewarded in the new X Series Node system. Features include exclusive participation in VeChain ecosystem project whitelists. (Something I'm excited about since I believe there will be a handful of reverse ICOs from traditional enterprise clients)

Technology

VeChain is planning on adding more than 100 additional full-time developers by the end of 2018.
For those interested in the technology of Blockchain X, I would direct you to the Medium AMAs where the VeChain team have provided detailed answers to common questions. Hardware 1, Hardware 2, Software 1 and Software 2 are worth a read.

Strategic partners

The three strategic partners each play a key role in VeChainThor's expansion. PWC has clients which make up 85% of the Fortune 500. DNV-GL is the preferred provider of those Fortune 500 companies for management systems certification services. PWC and DNV-GL will serve to introduce their enterprise clients to VeChain and increase adoption. BitOcean is positioning itself as a Fiat on-ramp for Crypto in Japan through physical ATMs and online exchanges, with approval by Japan's Financial Services Authority. BitOcean also plans to operate in China when regulations are finalised. BitOcean represents a Fiat/VET pairing that may serve to decouple VET/BTC and lead to independence of VET from the whims of BTC price.

Evidence of adoption to date: Existing clients & Investors

VeChain currently has 180 business opportunities in their pipeline for 2018 (compared to 4 use cases in 2016 and 22 in 2017). They have real uses cases and existing clients that range from medium to large enterprises. Revealed clients include Chinese Government Gui'an New Area project, BMW, Groupe Renault, DIG, Kuehne + Nagel, China Unicom, NRCC - State Tobacco, MLILY, Sunshine culture, Hubei Sanxin Cultural Media, Fanghuwang, YIDA future, Madeforgoods and iTaotaoke. Each of these partnerships deserve a detailed post on their own, they are all available on VeChain's Medium page. Taken together, it becomes clear what type of Ecosystem VeChainThor is trying to build.
Jiangsu Printed Electronics and Xiamen Innov Information Technology are technology partners and I suspect will be mass producing the RFID/NFC chips.
Breyer Capital and Fenbushi capital are the two featured investors on VeChain's website. Jim Breyer generally makes some pretty smart investment decisions. His only other crypto investments are Circle and Ethereum.
Bonus news: This week they are presenting with DNV-GL a cold chain supply chain solution at the Global Food Safety Initiative conference 2018. Zoom in and you'll see VeChain Intelligent Control Display System. DNV-GL have also launched their new digital assurance solution, My Story™. Four top Italian wine producers are using My Story™ under supervision of the Italian wine authorities. Twitter and DNVGL link.

China's potential

China is widely known to be anti-cryptocurrency but extremely pro-blockchain. China's "13th Five year plan 2016-2020" focuses on moving up in the value chain by abandoning old heavy industry and building up bases of modern information-intensive infrastructure, with blockchain and Smart Cities being a key technological focus. VeChain has achieved approval from the Government of the People's Republic of China with Gui'an New Area project, multiple mentions on state owned media (CCTV) and deals with state owned enterprises (China Tobacco). China will not fall behind in the international Blockchain race, they will finalise regulations and adopt Blockchain rapidly in the coming years. VeChain appears to be one of the leaders in the field, with their largest office in Shanghai and existing government connections.

Leader in the field

Last but not least, VeChain is leading the field in a number of areas.
  1. Academic research: VeResearch with Michigan State University #1 for supply chain management and another university to be announced
  2. Transparency: quarterly financial reports, regular social media updates, multiple AMAs, response to cryptocurrency ban, directly addressing FUD in official Telegram channels
  3. Corporate responsibility: cryptocurrency disaster recovery plan
  4. Environmental responsibility: Carbon bank initiative with DNV-GL

Skeptics section

In the interests of balanced discussion, I will update this section with skepticism I find in the comments below.
  1. "No whitepaper"
    • VeChain are working on a Whitepaper as part of their Q1 2018 goals. Information normally found in a Whitepaper has been made available through the development plan. I'm actually not too fussed about not having a whitepaper. For me evidence of enterprise adoption is a more useful indicator of how successful VeChainThor could be.
  2. "No official wallet" "No Mainnet"
    • VeChainThor has been operating as a private blockchain since June 2016. Public VeChainThor Blockchain Launch, VeChain Wallet with VeThor Forge Function will be released in Q2 2018 according to the roadmap.
  3. "VeChain are dumping their VET on the open market"
  4. "Can we talk about the fact that the BMW "partnership" is not really a partnership? VEN is allowed to participate into a startup program hosted by BMW. BMW is not a client. http://www.bmwstartupgarage.com/partner " - u/DutchDolt
    • "BMWstartupgarage" has neither been confirmed or denied by BMW or VeChain, it has been spread by a youtuber called "Crypto Gem"
    • Going to the website linked, BMW refers to successful participants as both partners and clients
    • This is still a developing partnership with details under NDA, however the VeChain/BMW link has been confirmed at the VeChain rebranding event and by Sarah VeChain Country Manager
  5. "Vote manipulation" "Shilling" "Brigading" "You're a paid shiller"
    • In the past VeChain Telegram Moderators wilfully participated in brigading, leading to the ban on the word "VeChain" for 30 days in cryptocurrency
    • It is difficult to differentiate manipulated behaviour and organic behaviour on Reddit, the moderators here do an amazing job getting rid of spam and detecting vote manipulation
    • The Official VeChain Foundation has stepped in to help Reddit moderators prevent VeChain vote manipulation
    • Official Telegram Rules: Brigading & Reddit links: We have a new policy regarding Reddit and 'brigading'. No brigading of any kind will be allowed. If you want to post a Reddit link, do so with the "np." prefix added to its URL, for example "np.reddit.com /CryptoCurrency". No spamming for upvotes, as it hurts both of our communities.
    • This is strictly enforced by Telegram moderators and results in a warning then an insta-ban for repeat offenders
    • https://imgur.com/a/sOva9 is being copy-pasted en masse by detractors as evidence of brigading
    • Image shows Boxminig feeling sorry for WTC PR team and a "np" link to a different thread
    • I wish I got paid to shill VeChain, I made this post to share a fundamentally strong crypto with the community _________________________________________________________________________________________

An interesting perspective supported by CEO Sunny Lu

NTSpike: VeChain Thor Is Positioning to Become THE #1 Enterprise dApp Platform, and Here's Why - A Systems Analyst's Perspective
Disclaimer: My holdings are 80% VEN and remainder in NEO, WTC, TKY, XRB, AMB
submitted by enozym111 to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

CRYPCORE'S STABLECOIN FUNCTIONS AS RELIABLE SOURCE OF INVESTMENT

CRYPCORE'S STABLECOIN FUNCTIONS AS RELIABLE SOURCE OF INVESTMENT

https://preview.redd.it/c4e59xtv4rj41.jpg?width=869&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=3e31395c3368e4895de070bcf92d4ac4da42b33e
Cryptocurrency volatility has always been a major characteristics that most traders find beneficial while for others, it is observed as intensely inconvenient. The peculiar characteristics of price swings cannot allow cryptocurrency to be a perfect medium for payments and exchange, because it's price value is unpredictable and changes more than twice in a given month. Researchers have taken up action to develop creative means to handle this problem of volatility and a new kind of cryptocurrency named "STABLECOIN" was developed to be the solution desired by crypto traders. Stablecoins are digital currencies utilized as means of exchange and store of value because it's value remains stable. Developed to be a cryptocurrency implies that stablecoin operates on a standard level that is not controlled by central authority, thus provides anonymity, security, decentralized features and efficiency coupled with low volatility characteristics of fiat money. Despite stablecoin features of displaying characteristics pertaining to conventional cryptocurrencies, the price level of stablecoin won't be determined by abstract factors which leads to variability. Instead, stablecoins are pegged to rate and value of commodities with price stability such as gold , ore, silver and many more. The benefits and increasing number of stablecoins continues to gain momentum and fame which serve as catalyst to maximize the adoption of cryptocurrencies as a medium of daily transactions and payment. Therefore, stablecoins helps traders and business owners to possibly avoid volatile market swings, mitigating risks that leads to loss of monetary value of users funds. However, stablecoin has been shown to have some disadvantages which is unappealing to businesses and trading activities. Unlike convectional cryptocurrencies, stablecoins cannot be used as an investment asset because stablecoins are highly dependent on assets it is bonded to. For example, an asset worth 50 USD purchased with stablecoin will remain 50 USD in the future. Another issue is trust, due to the nature of centralized banking system, most individuals believe that stablecoins pegged to fiat money cannot provide sufficient anonymity for their owners. These challenges have hindered the use of stablecoins by traders and business owners, thus Crypcore was developed to provide necessary solutions to the challenges faced by modern day stablecoins. CRYCORE ECOSYSTEM Forked from Monero, Crypcore is designed on cryptographically secure and anonymous crytponote protocol, wherein Crypcore ecosystem integrates a reliable solvency equation, flexible cryptocurrency exchange and efficient crytponote protocol to build a coin with stable price. The Crypcore stablecoin will not operate as a convectional cryptocurrency stablecoin but as a dynamic stablecoin which offers innovative means in securing price stability in mainstream markets. Before going further, let me briefly explain about cryptonote protocol and solvency equation for benefits of those unaware. CRYPTONOTE PROTOCOL Cryptonote protocol is developed as an application layer that handles issues related to Bitcoin protocol. It was first introduced in 2012, some famed coins such as bytecoin and Monero utilize it due to it's advantage of being more efficient than bitcoin protocol. Cryptonote offers these coins benefit of providing more high level of privacy than other cryptocurrencies. Crypcore developers aims to provide more anonymity standards to their end users, which is why they leveraged the version of cryptonote protocol forked from Monero and therefore, possess features related to Monero in all aspects. SOLVENCY EQUATION The solvency equation integrated into Crypcore exchange spearheads pricing of Crypcore units. Use of solvency equation ensures that Crypcore stablecoin (CRYP) will not be pegged unlike traditional cryptocurrency stablecoins, instead price of CRYP is regulated when Crypcore exchange utilize crypto collateral to process transactions which increases stability of CRYP and eliminates price swings. Cryptonote protocol and solvency equation are important factors that helps to maintain growth of Crypcore ecosystem. The developers have also created other unique features to support the development of Crypcore which includes ; Crypcore mining, Crypcore wallet, Crypcore exchange and Crypcore blockchain. CRYPCORE BLOCKCHAIN Mainly consist of cryptonote protocol and block explorer. This two components of Crypcore blockchain provides low transaction fees, high speed, security and transparency for any type of transactions performed within Crypcore ecosystem. CRYPCORE WALLETS Crypcore wallet is designed to be accessible and non-complex for easy understanding. The wallets are secure and developed with counter measures against hacks, thus competent for securing funds of users. CRYPCORE EXCHANGE The exchange serve an important role in regulating prices of CRYP. Using the exchange solvency equation as explained earlier coupled with fees charged within Crypcore exchange will be used in managing price of Crypcore stablecoin. Fees acquired are used to increase collateral, then strategy of averaging is implemented which increases the value of CRYP to meet up with price swings, significantly provides good profit for owners. This implies that in contrast to conventional stablecoins, CRYP will be a good source of investment. Crypcore exchange is created with high quality security systems to protect funds against frauds and hacks while debit card integrated feature will enable traders to purchase cryptocurrencies conveniently. CONCLUSION Crypcore ecosystem establishes more opportunity for cryptocurrency enthusiasts to benefit from advanced crypto trading included with issued dynamic stablecoin that gives out profit to holders, regardless of the market volatility. For more details : Website: https://crypcore.com/ Whitepaper: https://crypcore.com/crypcore\_whitepaper\_version\_1.pdf Telegram: https://t.me/crypcore\_group Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Crypcore-106479097438958 Twitter: https://twitter.com/crypcore1 Reddit: https://www.reddit.com/usecrypcore My Bitcointalk Username : Johnson Knight Bitcointalk Profile URL : https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?action=profile;u=2326370;sa=summary Wallet Address : 0x56D391aD6C5Fe4b4faee3FCF9C7D32D9BD2feeCA
submitted by Cryptosaurus94 to CryptoCluster [link] [comments]

Which type of curren(t) do you want to see(cy)? An analysis of the intention behind bitcoin(s). Part 3

Part 1
Part 2
So I have been subbed to /bitcoin since it had less than two thousand subs but haven't posted there in years. I think I took a break from researching bitcoin to take a foray into the world of conspiracy around 2014 and only got back in to it around the beginning of 2017 but with a bit of sense of skepticism and cynicism about everything. I think I returned to /bitcoin around that time but there had been a rift that had emerged in the community between those that said that bitcoin was censoring any discussion around big blocks but then also just censorship in general. This lead to the formation of /btc which became the main spot for big blockers to gather to talk about protocol development. Following the fork of Bitcoin Cash and SegWit (BTC) in August 2017 the camps were further divided when the fence sitters were denied their SegWit2x compromise. Many from the fence sitters then deferred back to the incumbent bitcoin as citing muh network effect, liquidity, and hashpower while some who felt betrayed by the failure of getting S2X through went to support BCH for some attempt at on chain scaling rather than through pegged side chains or Lightning Network.
Bitcoin cash initially went with a modest doubling of the blocksize to 2MB but implemented some other features like a new more rapidly adjusting difficulty algorithm to protect themselves against hashpower fluctuations from the majority chain. In about July of that year I had seen what I potentially thought was someone LARPing on /biz/ but screencapped, that segwit2x which was scheduled for november 2017 would be called off and then hashpower would switch to BCH causing congestion and chain death spiral on BTC and BCH would pump massively. I was partial to the idea as the game theory and incentives on a big block bitcoin should attract miners. About a month after SegWit2x was indeed called off while the BTC blockchain was hugely congested, BCH went through a violent pump reaching 0.5 BTC/BCH on a European exchange called Kraken while it also pumped ridiculously on American exchange coinbase. Shortly afterwards the market took a giant dump all over those people who bought the top and it has since retraced to roughly 30:1 or so now.
After that pump though BCH kind of gained some bagholders I guess who started to learn the talking points presented by personalities like Roger Ver, Jihan Wu, Peter Rizun and Amaury Sechet. Craig S Wright by this time had been outed as Satoshi but had in 2016 publicly failed to convince the public with the cryptographic proof he provided. To which he later published the article I don't have the courage to prove I am the bitcoin creator. In essence this allowed many to disregard anything he offered to the crypto community though his company nChain was very much interested in providing the technical support to scale what he saw as the true implementation of bitcoin. Following debate around a set of planned protocol upgrades between a bitcoin node implementation by his company nChain and the developers of another client Bitcoin ABC (adjustable block cap), the two parties both dug their heels in and wouldn't compromise.
As it became clear that a fork was imminent there was a lot of vitriol tossed out towards Wright, another big billionaire backer Calvin Ayre and other personalities like Roger Ver and Jihan Wu. Craig's credibility was disregarded because of his failure to provide convincing cryptographic proof but still people who wanted to pursue the protocol upgrades that nChain were planning (as it best followed their interpretation of the bitcoin white paper) pursued his variant, while others who followed the socia consensus deferred to the positions of their personalities like Wu, Ver, and Sechet but even developers from Ethereum and other protocols chimed in to convince everyone that CSW is a fraud. This was referred to as the hash war and was the first time that the bitcoin protocol had been contentiously hard forked.

Hashpower is the CPU cycles you can commit to the Proof of Work function in bitcoin and the majority will generate the longest chain as they have the most proof of work. To win the contentious hard fork legitimately and make sure your chain will always be safe going forward you need to maintain your version of the blockchain with 51% of the hashpower on the network and force the other parties to continue to spend money on building a blockchain that is never going to be inserted in to the majority chain. As well as this you need to convince exchanges that you have the majority chain and have them feel safe to accept deposits and withdrawals so that they don't lose money in the chaos. This is how it would play out if both parties acted according to the rules of bitcoin and the Nakamoto Consensus.

There was a lot of shit talking between the two parties on social media with Craig Wright making a number of claims such as "you split, we bankrupt you" "I don't care if there is no ability to move coins to an exchange for a year" and other such warnings not to engage in foul play.. To explain this aftermath is quite tedious so It might be better to defer to this video for the in depth analysis but basically Roger Ver had to rent hashpower that was supposed to be mining BTC from his mining farm bitcoin.com, Jihan Wu did the same from his Bitmain Mining Farm which was a violation of his fiduciary duty as the CEO of a company preparing for an IPO. In this video of a livestream during the hashwar where Andreas Brekken admits to basically colluding with exchange owners like Coinbase, Kraken (exchange Roger Ver invested in), Bitfinex and others to release a patched ABC client to the exchanges and introducing "checkpoints" in to the BCH blockchain (which he even says is arguably "centralisation") in order to prevent deep reorgs of the BCH blockchain.
>"We knew we were going to win in 30 mins we had the victory because of these checkpoints that we released to a cartel of friendly businesses in a patch so then we just sat around drinking beers all day".
By releasing a patched client that has code in it to prevent deep reorgs by having the client refer to a checkpoint from a block mined by someone who supported BCHABC if another group of hash power was to try to insert a new chain history, this cartel of exchanges and mining farm operators conspired in private to change the nature of the bitcoin protocol and Nakamoto Consensus. Since the fork there have been a number of other BCH clients that have come up that require funding and have their own ideas about what things to implement on the BCH chain. What began to emerge was actually not necessarily an intention of scaling bitcoin but rather to implement Schnorr signatures to obfuscate transactions and to date the ABC client still has a default blocksize of 2MB but advertised as 16MB.
What this demonstrates for BCH is that through the collusion, the cartel can immediately get a favourable outcome from the developers to keep their businesses secure and from the personalities/developers to work on obfuscating records of transactions on the chain rather than scaling their protocol. After the SegWit fork, many from the BCH camp alleged that through the funding to Blockstream from AXA and groups that tied to the Bilderbergs, Blockstream would be beholden to the legacy banking and would be a spoke and hub centralised model, so naturally many of the "down with central banks anarcho capitalist types" had gathered in the BCH community. Through these sympathies it seems that people have been susceptible to being sold things like coin mixing and obfuscation with developers offering their opinions about how money needs to be anonymous to stop the evil government and central banks despite ideas like Mises’ Regression Theorem, which claims that in order for something to be money in the most proper sense, it must be traceable to an originally non-monetary barter commodity such as gold.
What this suggests is that there is an underlying intent from the people that have mechanisms to exert their will upon the protocol of bitcoin and that if obfuscation is their first priority rather than working on creating a scalable platform, this demonstrates that they don't wish to actually be global money but more so something that makes it easier to move money that you don't want seen. Roger Ver has often expressed sentiments of injustice about the treatment of Silk Road found Ross Ulbricht and donated a large amount of money to a fund for his defence. I initially got in to bitcoin seeking out the Silk Road and though I only wanted to test it to buy small quantities of mdma, lsd, and mescaline back in 2011 there was all sorts of criminal activity on there like scam manuals, counterfeits, ID, Credit Card info, and other darknet markets like armoury were selling pretty crazy weapons. It has been alleged by Craig Wright that in his capacity as a digital forensics expert he was involved with tracing bitcoin that was used to fund the trafficking of 12-16 year olds on the silk road. There have been attempts at debunking such claims by saying that silk road was moderated for such stuff by Ulbricht and others, but one only has to take a look in to the premise of pizza gate to understand that there it may be possible to hide in plain site with certain code words for utilising the market services and escrow of websites like the silk road. The recent pedo bust from South Korea demonstrates the importance of being able to track bitcoin transactions and if the first thing BCH wanted to do after separating itself from Satoshi's Vision and running on developer and cartel agendas was to implement obfuscation methods, this type of criminal activity will only proliferate.
Questions one must ask oneself then are things like why do they want this first? Are some of these developers, personalities and cartel businesses sitting on coins that they know are tarnished from the silk road and want to implement obfuscation practices so they can actually cash in some of the value they are unable to access? Merchants from the silk road 1 are still being caught even as recently as this year when they attempted to move coins that were known to have moved through the silk road. Chain analytics are only becoming more and more powerful and the records can never be changed under the original bitcoin protocol but with developer induced protocol changes like Schnorr signatures, and coinjoin it may be possible to start laundering these coins out in to circulation. I must admit with the cynicism I had towards government and law enforcement and my enjoying controlled substances occasionally I was sympathetic to Ross and donated to his legal fund back in the day and for many years claimed that I wouldn't pay my taxes when I wanted to cash out of bitcoin. I think many people in the space possess this same kind of mentality and subsequently can be preyed upon by people who wish to do much more in the obfuscation than dodge tax and party.
Another interesting observation is that despite the fact that btc spun off as a result of censorship around big block scaling on bitcoin, that subreddit itself has engaged in plenty of censorship for basically anyone who wants to discuss the ideas presented by Dr Craig Wright on that sub. When I posted my part 2 of this series in there a week ago I was immediately met with intense negativity and ad hominems so as to discourage others from reading the submission and my post history was immediately throttled to 1 comment every 10 mins. This is not quite as bad as cryptocurrency where my post made it through the new queue to gather some upvotes and a discussion started but I was immediately banned from that sub for 7 days for reason "Content standards - you're making accusations based on no evidence just a dump of links that do nothing to justify your claims except maybe trustnodes link (which has posted fabricated information about this subreddit mods) and a Reddit post. Keep the conspiracy theories in /conspiracy" My post was also kept at zero in bitcoin and conspiracy so technically btc was the least censored besides C_S_T.
In addition to the throttling I was also flagged by the u/BsvAlertBot which says whether or not a user has a questionable amount of activity in BSV subreddits and then a break down of your percentages. This was done in response to combat the "toxic trolls" of BSV but within bitcoincashSV there are many users that have migrated from what was originally supposed to be a uncensored subreddit to discuss bitcoin and many such as u/cryptacritic17 has have switched sides after having been made to essentially DOXX themselves in btc to prove that they aren't a toxic troll for raising criticisms of the way certain things are handled within that coin and development groups. Other prominent users such as u/jim-btc have been banned for impersonating another user which was in actual fact himself and he has uploaded evidence of him being in control of said account to the blockchain. Mod Log, Mod Damage Control, Mod Narrative BTFO. Interestingly in the comments on the picture uploaded to the blockchain you can see the spin to call him an SV shill when in actual fact he is just an OG bitcoiner that wanted bitcoin to scale as per the whitepaper.
What is essentially going on in the Bitcoin space is that there is a battle of the protocols and a battle for social consensus. The incumbent BTC has majority of the attention and awareness as it is being backed by legacy banking and finance with In-Q-Tel and AXA funding blockstream as well as Epstein associates and MIT, but in the power vaccum that presented itself as to who would steward the big block variant, a posse of cryptoanarchists have gained control of the social media forums and attempted to exert their will upon what should essentially be a Set In Stone Protocol to create something that facilitates their economic activity (such as selling explosives online)) while attempting to leverage their position as moderators who control the social forum to spin their actions as something different (note memorydealers is Roger Ver). For all his tears for the children killed in wars, it seems that what cryptoanarchists such as u/memorydealers want is to delist/shut down governments and they will go to any efforts such as censorship to make sure that it is their implementation of bitcoin that will do that. Are we really going to have a better world with people easier able to hide transactions/launder money?
Because of this power vacuum there also exists a number of different development groups but what is emerging now is that they are struggling for money to fund their development. The main engineering is done by self professed benevolent dictator Amaury Sechet (deadalnix) who in leaked telegram screen caps appears to be losing it as funding for development has dried up and money raised in an anarchist fashion wasn't compliant with laws around fundraising sources and FVNI (development society that manages BCH development and these donations) is run by known scammer David R Allen. David was founder of 2014 Israeli ICO Getgems (GEMZ) that scammed investors out of more than 2500 Bitcoins. The SV supported sky-lark who released this information has since deleted all their accounts but other users have claimed that sky-lark was sent personal details about themselves and pictures of their loved ones and subsequently deleted all their social media accounts afterwards.
There are other shifty behaviours like hiring Japanese influencers to shill their coin, recruiting a Hayden Otto that up until 2018 was shilling Pascal Coin to become a major ambassador for BCH in the Australian city of Townsville. Townsville was claimed to be BCH city hosting a BCH conference there and claiming loads of adoption, but at the conference itself their idea of demonstrating adoption was handing a Point of Sale device to the bar to accept bitcoin payments but Otto actually just putting his credit card behind the bar to settle and he would keep the BCH that everyone paid. In the lead up to the conference the second top moderator of btc was added to the moderators of townsville to shill their coin but has ended up with the townsville subreddit wanting to ban all bitcoin talk from the subreddit.
Many of the BCH developers are now infighting as funding dries up and they find themselves floundering with no vision of how to achieve scale or get actual real world adoption. Amaury has recently accused Peter Rizun of propagandising, told multiple users in the telegram to fuck off and from all accounts appears to be a malignant narcissist incapable of maintaining any kind of healthy relationship with people he is supposed to be working with. Peter Rizun has begun lurking in bitcoincashSV and recognising some of the ideas coming from BSV as having merit while Roger has started to distance himself from the creation of BCH. Interestingly at a point early in the BCH history Roger believed Dr Craig Wright was Satoshi, but once CSW wouldn't go along with their planned road map and revealed the fact he had patents on blockchain technology and wanted to go down a path that worked with Law, Roger retracted that statement and said he was tricked by Craig. He joined in on the faketoshi campaign and has been attempted to be sued by Dr Wright for libel in the UK to which Roger refused to engage citing grounds of jurisdiction. Ironically this avoidance of Roger to meet Dr Wright in court to defend his claims can be seen as the very argument against justice being served by private courts under an anarchocapitalist paradigm with essentially someone with resources simply being able to either flee a private court's jurisdiction or engage a team of lawyers that can bury any chances of an everyday person being able to get justice.
There is much more going on with the BCH drama that can be explained in a single post but it is clear that some of the major personalities in the project are very much interested in having their ideals projected on to the technical implementation of the bitcoin protocol and have no qualms spouting rhetoric around the anti-censorship qualities of bitcoin/BCH while at the same time employing significant censorship on their social media forums to control what people are exposed to and getting rid of anyone who challenges their vision. I posit that were this coin to become a success, these "benevolent dictators" as they put it would love their new found positions of wealth/dominance yet if their behaviour to get there is anything to go by, would demonstrate the same power tripping practices of censorship, weasel acts, misleading people about adoption statistics and curating of the narrative. When the hashrate from Rogers bitcoin.com minging operation on BCH dropped dramatically and a lot of empty blocks were being mined, his employer and 2IC moderator u/BitcoinXio (who stepped in to replace roger as CEO) was in the sub informing everyone it was simply variance that was the reason when only a few days later it was revealed that they had reduced their hash power significantly. This is not appropriate behaviour for one of the primary enterprises engaged in stewarding BCH and encouraging adoption nor is the inability to be accountable for such dishonest practices as well. It seems bitcoin.com treats btc as their own personal spam page where Roger can ask for donations despite it being against the sub rules and spin/ban any challenge to the narrative they seek to create.
Let's see how the censorship goes as I post this around a few of the same places as the last piece. Stay tuned for the next write up where I take a deep dive in to the coin that everyone doesn't want you to know about.
submitted by whipnil to C_S_T [link] [comments]

A Good Pentesting Tools List

Collection of pentesting tools by BrainfuckSec

Anti Forensics Tools
Exploitation Tools
Forensics Tools
Information Gathering
Keyloggers
Maintaining Access
Password Attacks
Reverse Engineering
Sniffing Spoofing
Social Engineering
Vulnerability Analysis
Web Applications
Web Shells
Wireless Attacks
submitted by _brainfuck to Pentesting [link] [comments]

Beginners Introduction Guide for Pundi X

Beginners Introduction Guide for Pundi X
https://pundix.com
https://i.redd.it/ad9tfd3rjpi21.jpg Executive Summary;
Pundi X’s mission is to make buying crypto currency as easy as buying bottled water. As the Walmart and 7-Eleven of crypto currency, we want users to buy and use crypto currency anytime anywhere. Pundi X a leading Singaporean-based blockchain company recently ranked by KPMG as one of the world’s “Emerging 50” firms that are at the forefront of innovative technologies and practices in its 2018 Fintech100 report of Leading Global Fintech Innovators. We have a product poised for mass adoption infrastructure, where consumers can buy and sell crypto at any participating retailer and spend their crypto. For every transaction, through the XPOS (which is a point of sales) machine, there will be a token burn coming. Token burns mean reduced supply over time. The more machines in outlets and more people using crypto means supply will decrease, therefore the demand will increase. Pundi X will not be an erc20 token for long, Pundi X is creating its own blockchain called the f(x) blockchain.
https://i.redd.it/z3mp6tfp1qi21.jpg - Instant transactions worldwide 24/7. - No monthly charges or any hidden fees. - Merchants will receive revenue back, a whopping 65% from the total transaction fee, on every single Crypto related transactions. - Consumers can readily buy/sell Crypto currencies straight from the actual XPOS device. - No Banks needed, hence serving the un-banked and the under-banked population. - Merchants can receive payment in their local fiat to avoid Crypto fluctuations. - Supports Mobile payments, NFC, QR Code and all current traditional payments. - The POS can setup your inventory, loyalty programs, ads, and print smart receipts. - Avoid high Visa/MasterCard/Credit Card fees using XPOS solutions.
Statistics;
  • 5,500 XPOS Dispatched already to 25 countries.
  • Tested over a two day period in the Historical first ever crypto mass event with "Ultra Taiwan Music Festival" with 30,000 + attendees, went flawlessly, (see videos on Pundix Official YouTube Channel).
  • 300,000 XPASS dispatched.
  • 60,000 + Transactions over the XPOS.
  • 20 + Top Crypto Exchanges.
  • 45 + Events attended.
  • 150 + Team members.
  • 7 Head Offices globally.
All Partnerships (so far):
Major Partners: -American Chamber of Commerce Korea, AMCHAM is the largest foreign chamber in Korea with around 1,800 individual members from almost 900 member companies with diverse interests and substantial participation in the Korean economy. Their partners includes, MacDonald’s, Star Bucks, Hyundai, United Airlines, Citi, Hawaiian Airlines, MetLife, Ford, Honeywell, Johnson & Johnson, Bayer, Cisco, HUB, Nike, Oracle, Kelly, Philip Morris, Hyosung, Cigna, Kim & Change, Pfizer Korea, and many more, see link below; http://www.amchamkorea.org/?ckattempt=3
-Ebooc (Government UEA) Ebooc and Pundi X will provide several other applications for consumers such as making retail payments; paying for government services, fees and fines; utilities and bills; telecommunication bills and school fees on POS devices running a stable, digital equivalent of traditional fiat currencies in the region. The move brings our world-leading, blockchain-based XPOS technology, XPASS card and e-wallet to the Gulf, Middle East and North Africa region for the first time with Ebooc as the official partner under the terms of a strategic partnership agreement as executed. Additional Back information about the Founder of Ebooc: Entrepreneur & Senior UAE Government Official with deep Government experience of over 20 years. From his current role as Assistant Undersecretary, Industrial Development Sector at Ministry of Economy, UAE, Abdalla has been able to participate in policy-making and planning strategy for ministry of Economy and oversee the operations and major projects within the industrial sector. Developing action plans and programs for the industrial sector, overall supervision of the industrial licenses issued by the ministry, General supervision of Institutions Support Department, which specializes in conducting necessary studies for the development of industrial exports. Regulations and specifications of Foreign Affairs in coordination with stakeholders Prior to this was the CEO strategic planning & affairs at Emirates Post Group was on the Board of Directors of Wall Street Exchange Chairman of the Executive Committee ; Vice Chairman of the Emirates Marketing & Promotion Corp. Board Member of the Emirates Courier Services – Empost. https://medium.com/pundix/ann-pundi-x-technology-to-debut-in-the-gulf-and-middle-east-5b7651b4bd14
-Ubivelox, they have become an international innovator in the development of smart cards, mobile communications and blockchain (ranked 6th largest in the world). The two companies will work together on XPOS and XPASS technology development, security and market deployment, which will not only facilitate the promotion of Pundi X in Korea, but also help accelerate the layout in the global market. https://medium.com/pundix/%E9%9F%A9%E5%9B%BD%E4%B8%8A%E5%B8%82%E5%85%AC%E5%8F%B8ubivelox%E4%B8%8Epundi-x%E5%BB%BA%E7%AB%8B%E6%88%98%E7%95%A5%E5%90%88%E4%BD%9C%E4%BC%99%E4%BC%B4%E5%85%B3%E7%B3%BB-91f3665f0ae9
Why Pundi XPOS;
Pundi XPOS not only facilitates cryptocurrency payment or transactions but also accepts transactions through mobile wallets and traditional bank cards. Our POS solution can support retail intelligence, inventory management, order management, marketing and loyalty programs. Pundi XPOS device is an all-in-one solution for retailers. https://i.redd.it/qj6sbsfaeqi21.jpg • Accept cryptocurrency as payment • Intelligence clearing system to increase the value of the store properties • Selling and buying crypto currencies • Support BTC, ETH, NPXS, BNB, XEM, QTUM, XVG, ACT, LTC, DGD, XLM and more crypto currencies. • Support cryptocurrency payment card, such as Pundi XPASS card. • Support mobile payment apps, such as Alipay, Visa, Mastercard, ApplePay, E2Pay, Go-Pay, Pundi-Pundi, and WeChat Pay. • Support cryptocurrency wallet payment, such as Qbao, X Wallet, Nem Wallet and more. • Establish credit history and reduce financial risks • Provide a gateway for financial service providers • Support loyalty / membership management system • Support promotional and NPXS reward system • Support 3rd party delivery and logistic service providers
Additional factors; - Instant Transactions - XPOS transactions happen instantly at less than 0.5 seconds. No delays. Just pay and go.
  • Fiat Settlement without Volatility - To avoid any volatility risk, merchants will receive their settlement in fiat money.
  • Work Easily With XPASS & XWallet - The XPASS card is an easy-to-use tap card for crypto beginners. Top it up with your preferred cryptocurrency and pay with ease. You can also pair your XPASS card onto the XWallet mobile app and use it with the XPOS.
  • Support Multiple Cryptocurrencies - The XPOS is cryptocurrency-neutral, so you can transact with your favorite coins or tokens like BTC, ETH, BNB, NPXS, etc.
  • Buy Cryptocurrency With Ease - In addition to making payment, customers can purchase cryptocurrency like Bitcoin from the XPOS with ease. The experience is as easy as buying a cup of coffee.
  • Merchants get back 0.65% of the total fee for every crypto transactions.
Please see the Medium reports for more details on all developments to date: https://medium.com/@PundiXLabs
XPOS Order Form; https://goo.gl/forms/yxSRHlK99h3xHF3N2 XPASS Card Order Form; https://forms.monday.com/forms/088c80c8f7e4f1ba13816312097ddcd3
XWallet;
The XWallet mobile app connects regular digital asset wallets with the Pundi X payment ecosystem. It allows users to easily make payments in physical stores via the XPOS & e-commerce using our "Collect" feature of the app.
https://i.redd.it/j5kcce6vtqi21.jpg
The XWallet can also be paired with the XPASS, making it a digital payment app that can be used anytime, anywhere. To download App for Android or ISO see below and to see a built-in guide for merchants and users guide are within the actual XWallet App or here: https://xwallet.pundix.com/
Merchants Collect Feature (e-commerce);
  1. Submit an XWallet Merchant application via the app and once the application gets approved, then your “Collect” page would be marked with “Pundi X verified merchant”.
  2. You can open the XWallet app, then show the QR code on “Collect” page for customers to scan and pay;
  3. You can also tap “Save” on “Collect” page to download your QR code as a picture, print it out, and place it by the checkstand for customers to scan and pay. This would be a more convenient way to collect payments.
  4. Collected cryptocurrency assets would go directly to the XWallet Merchant’s Virtual Card account.
My actual QR code, scan to see UI on XWallet.
This is a powerful tool for e-commerce's to upload their QR Code on websites payout section. Sending any supported currencies on the X Wallet is accepted by one single QR Code, such as the above.
XPass Cards;
You can easily manage your digital assets, check your current balance, or top-up in the XWallet. By default, each user will have a virtual XPASS card in the app. You can also pair your XWallet with your Pundi XPASS card to make payments directly from the app when needed. If you lose the XPASS card, you can transfer all your tokens from the XPASS card to the XWallet app or to another XPASS card.
https://i.redd.it/g0fcksz3oqi21.jpg
Instant Payments Online or Offline;
Transactions via an internet-connected XWallet or XPASS can be processed immediately, while offline transactions can be made by scanning the QR code, which will later be uploaded onto the blockchain. The XWallet, in short, keeps up with your busy lifestyle.
How to top up your XWallet from other wallets; • Select the ‘Card’ icon and choose the virtual card. • Select the type of currency you want to top up. • Tap on the ‘Receive’ icon and choose ‘View address’. • Copy the top-up address or scan the QR code. • On your other wallet, choose the correct type of cryptocurrency and insert the XWallet top-up address to make the transfer. (Note: The speed of transferring tokens from other wallets to the XWallet app varies, depending on their relevant blockchain network conditions. To make instant payment transaction at any XPOS merchant, we recommend users top up their XWallet account from other wallets at least 6 hours before using the app.).
XPASS Card Order; https://forms.monday.com/forms/088c80c8f7e4f1ba13816312097ddcd3
Payment solutions;
Visa, MasterCard, Apple Pay, Samsung, American Express, BNB, LTC, XVG, NPXS, E2Pay.co.Id, Alipay, M-bayar, Go Pay, WeChat, Xpos Consortium, Ubivelox, XPOT and many more. Distributors; Manticora Capital, Bit Captial, Ubivelox, BlockPay and more to follow. Blockchain; NEM, UTrust, GGOX, Verime, Wanchain, Stella, Genaro Network. More to follow.
Burning of NPXS;
A quick summary of Pundi X token’s utility on each and every transaction: 1. A bit of it is burnt for every crypto related transaction that happens in through our XPOS. 2. The token is used to list other tokens in our XPOS, for example, QTUM paid us a sum of NPXS to be listed later in our XPOS, and this will include future coins that will be listed in our XPOS. 3. Loyalty programs are made & paid with NPXS. 4. Ads that run through our XPOS are also paid in NPXS. 5. Future products will be paid with NPXS. 6. Claim goods and services from merchants.
The XPOS is comprised of two parts, the consumer and merchant.
The Point of Sale device (XPOS);
For the merchants; 1. You get 1% extra as a fee. You can set it up from 0-3%, but we recommend 1% fee. 2. You can sell crypto again with that 1% fee. 3. You can sell the XPASS cards. 4. The POS can setup your inventory, loyalty programs, ads, and print smart receipts. 5. You can accept crypto, again the 1% fee. 6. You will be one of the first to change how the world uses crypto.
For the XPASS holders; 1. They can liquidate their crypto assets through our merchants, hassle free. 2. They get a special discount. 3. If you lose the XPASS black card, we are able to recover it (as long as you have the security card).
Case study of fees;
▪ 100% of Pundi X’s revenue that is generated through transactions on the XPOS will be removed permanently from our NPXS token circulation (and that's called token burn). This means that if Pundi X makes $1 of revenue from a transaction, they will take $1 worth of NPXS out of circulation permanently. NPXS tokens taken out of circulation will never be able to re-enter the circulation in any way as they will no longer exist.
▪ if the transaction is made in Pundi X tokens, we will take the tokens immediately out of the total supply. If the transaction is made in other tokens or fiat, we will use the proceeds to buyback NPXS, after which we will permanently remove the NPXS tokens from circulation and ensure they can never re-enter circulation.
▪ In case of a fiat to crypto transaction (including a payment with mastercard/visa) NPXS will be also burned.
▪ Case study 1: a user buys $1,000 worth of crypto from a merchant in a store using Pundi XPASS card. The total charge a user has to pay is $1,010; $1,000 for the crypto and $10 for the service fees. Of the $10 received, $6.50 is paid to the shop merchant for rendering this service. $3.50 is paid to Pundi X for providing XPOS (switch) and XPASS (Issuer) service.
Function X Blockchain – A game Changer:
https://i.redd.it/5ibzoexntpi21.jpg
The f(x) (short for Function X) blockchain under current test environments, each XPOS is an f(x) node; all data from the XPOS will be fully encrypted and stored in f(x) low level IPFS. Our IPFS is one that is specially designed for XPOS, f(x) and other smart devices. The f(x) public ledger will record all transactions, and the chain deploys sharding and PBFT. At Pundi X, we believe that open source is the way to go and to strengthen the blockchain community. We will gradually enable all of our operating system and f(x) chain’s code to be open source. It will be free for all Dapp software and hardware manufacturers to develop products for the f(x) ecosystem, hence achieving true decentralization. Let’s all work together and re-engineer a decentralized world.
10x for Speed; Visa can run 7,000–20,000 transactions-per-second (“TPS”). Any blockchain that offers small multiples of speed improvement is unlikely to displaced a tried-and-tested system like Visa. A 10X increase means 200,000K TPS has to be achieved. Our upcoming blockchain called Function X (fx for short), we have to make sure we are comparable if not faster, at 10X it is at least 200,000 TPS, not just on paper, but in real application. Sharding depends heavily on the availability of nodes. Confirmation processes increase by an order of magnitude when you increase node counts, we are already deploying the XPOS which will act as nodes.
10x for Scaling; Scalability in a restaurant means how fast can you serve your meals, the faster you can scale, the more business you can have. Therefore, companies like McDonald’s spend a lot of effort shortening the time between ordering and checkout to serve its customers. Scalability in blockchain is similar: it depends on the code (how fast can the burgers be flipped) and also nodes (how many cashiers can confirm the order). So whose code is the best? We will only know when proven. And what about nodes? The blockchain with the largest nodes will prevail. Currently Ethereum has the most nodes, but maybe not for long.
10x for Consensus; And what about nodes? The blockchain with the largest nodes will prevail. Currently Ethereum has the most nodes, but maybe not for long. With our minimum plan to roll out 100,000 XPOS in three years, we will be able to scale up transaction numbers significantly as the number of XPOS devices increases. Can we do much more than 200,000 TPS? Let’s analyze: Sharding is a process of dividing a global network into pieces of a local network. Each local network would then take charge of two-thirds consensus so that a particular transaction is verified in the local network and then broadcast to the global network.
Five Pillars of Function X Blockchain;
  1. Fx Operation System - (ROM) Android-modified blockchain-enabled operating system. Users can switch seamlessly between fx blockchain and regular everyday android mode.
  2. FXTP - (Web Protocol). Decentralized transmission protocol (P2P) and similar to https.
  3. Docker - Open Source platform for developers to build, ship, and run distributed applications (DApps).
  4. IPFS - Storage of various contents.
  5. Public Blockchain - A High performance and secure public blockchain.
More details here; The Road ahead: https://medium.com/pundix/f-x-%EC%95%9E%EC%9C%BC%EB%A1%9C-%EA%B0%80%EC%95%BC%ED%95%A0-%EA%B8%B8-cb258f0e397c
The Blok-on-Blok (Smartphone);
The Blok-on-Blok (BOB), and the first true blockchain phone call, we demonstrated to thousands that we had a new protocol for communication that could take blockchain beyond the world of financial transfers. The BOB is powered by Function X OS which is based off the Android OS 9.0, so there is a backward compatibility with any Android apps. Blockchain-based calling and messaging can be toggled on and off on the phone operating system, which builds upon Android 9.0. On the blockchain mode, the services in the BOB can operate completely independently of centralized carriers. Users can route phone calls, messages, and data via blockchain nodes without the need for centralized service providers. The BOB is in fact the first mobile phone that can run completely on a decentralized ecosystem powering telephony, messaging, and data transmission. The BOB itself significantly expands the use of blockchain technology beyond financial transfers. Every BOB Phone is also a node on the network to contribute to the operation of the blockchain ecosystem. Content and connectivity are organized in a distributed, node-to-node manner. https://i.redd.it/ne3iufycqqi21.png
  • Every device in the Function X ecosystem will be a node and each will have its own address and private key, uniquely linked to their node names, not unlike traditional URL and IP addresses.
  • The OS can be overlayed to any existing Android devices without any compromises and compliment as a node to the function X blockchain.
  • Using a new DApp published on Function X, Zac hailed a New York City cabbie from midtown Manhattan to Central Park via a smart contract executed on Function X. The taxi order was both conducted and recorded on-chain and by-passing any ride-hailing service via BOB.
  • In the browser, you may browse the traditional Internet via HTTP or use the blockchain Internet via FXTP.
  • In f(x) OS, users are able to switch seamlessly between two modes. The blockchain mode allows a user to be connected to the blockchain - everything which you do in this mode like texting, calling, taking photos, browsing, etc. will be transmitted via the blockchain. In the traditional mode, it is like any other Android phone.
  • You can develop DApps for X Play Store and regular apps for Google Play Store. Note: Final design and specs are subject to change.
The FX blockchain: Giving data control back to users and creators. “What this all means is that data control can and must be given back to users,” said Pundi X Founder and CEO Zac Cheah.
“Telecommunications and Internet companies have derived tremendous value from controlling data. By decentralizing apps, we can put this data onto a smart contract, effectively giving control back to creators and to users”.
“Much of what we call peer-to-peer or ‘decentralized’ services continue to be built upon centralized networks. We are changing that,” added Cheah.
Mobile devices as nodes;
“Scalability in blockchain is derived from the number and geographic spread of nodes. It is clear how achieving a critical mass in terms of scale will require something with a high utility for people. The BOB thus has the potential to establish a large global pool of nodes,” said Pitt Huang, co-founder and CTO of Pundi X.
“And with Function X offering people the choice to be independent of a centralized communications network we’ve created a new use, a high and universal utility for blockchain. In turn, this will give life to a network large enough to support better scale, throughput, and new potential applications, plus true decentralization that has so far eluded blockchain.”
YouTube in-depth close up videos; 1. Introduction to BOB phone - Part 1 of 6 2. Bringing Function X to life with the BOB - Part 2 of 6 3. Setting BOB up as a Node - Part 3 of 6 4. Using the BOB to manage your files and browse the web - Part 4 of 6 5. Blockchain-based text messaging on the BOB - Part 5 of 6 6. Blockchain Call on the BOB - Part 6 of 6
More details here; Website; https://functionx.io https://medium.com/functionx/xphone-mwc19-new-design-and-specifications-including-the-x-button-announced-1c720b04f660
The F(x) Coin;
The f(x) ecosystem is fully decentralized. It’s designed and built to run autonomously in perpetuity without the reliance or supervision of any individual or organization. To support this autonomous structure, f(x) Coin which is the underlying ‘currency’ within the f(x) ecosystem has to be decentralized in terms of its distribution, allocation, control, circulation and the way it’s being generated.
https://i.redd.it/scikiwyj7qj21.jpg
Broadly, there are four main participants in the f(x) ecosystem, as shown above: • Consumer: Users enjoy the decentralized service provided by the f(x) ecosystem.
• Infrastructure Service Provider: Providing infrastructure service like the ones provided by mobile carrier, Amazon AWS but in a decentralized way.
• Developer: Building DApp upon f(x) network like Uber, AirBnb, Alibaba.
• Financial Service Provider: Providing liquidity of f(x) coin like NASDAQ, Morgan Stanley.
Infrastructure service provider, Developer and Financial service provider contribute the seamless operation and service shall generate the positive circulation, innovation and value flow to the f(x) ecosystem.
The value flow of the Function X ecosystem; • Infrastructure service provider can offer the service, such as Blockchain, FXTP, DDocker and IPFS to earn f(x) Coin.
• Developer can build applications upon f(x) OS to earn f(x) Coin and at the same time they need to pay for the infrastructure service.
• Consumer enjoys the service and pays for the service in f(x) Coin.
• Developer and infrastructure service provider shall earn f(x) Coin in return by providing their service and they can liquidate it through the financial service provider to earn some profit.
Together, these four participants will create a positive value flow. More service providers will enhance the quality of service and attract more consumers. More consumers will bring more value to the ecosystem by attracting more service providers,and creating f(x) Coin liquidity. Deep liquidity of f(x) Coin will attract more financial service providers to enhance the stability and quality of liquidity. This will attract more service providers to the ecosystem.
Utility of f(x) Coin;
f(x) Coin is the native ‘currency’ of the Function X blockchain and ecosystem. Services rendered in the ecosystem will be transacted with the f(x) Coin. Possible scenarios include: • For service providers: To get paid by developers, companies and consumers for providing storage nodes, DDocker and speeding up of network connections. The role of service providers will described in other sections.
• For consumers: To pay service fees for using DApps, nodes, network resources, storage solutions and other services within the f(x) ecosystem.
• For developers: To pay for services and resources rendered in the ecosystem such as smart contract creation, file storage (paid to IPFS service provider), code hosting (paid to DDocker service provider), advertisements (paid to other developers) and others. To get paid by the enterprises or organizations which require the developer’s service.
• For enterprises or organizations: To pay for service fees, developer fees and advertisements. Services provided to consumers will be charged and denominated in f(x) Coin.
• For phone and hardware manufacturers: To pay for the Function X Operating System customization. Note: we plan to only build a few thousands of the BOB flagship handsets and leave the rest to third-party manufacturers to build more using our operating system.
• For financial institutions: to receive payment for financial services rendered for the ecosystem.
• Many more future scenarios.
https://i.redd.it/r7626yle8qi21.png Hence f(x) Coin can be used as ‘currency’ for the below services, • In-app purchases • Blockchain calls • Smart contract creations • Transaction fees • Advertisements • Hosting fees
Updated fx article: https://medium.com/functionx/f-x-ecosystem-and-tokenomics-explained-ee026ce6815
Contact Us; Please also read the white paper which can be found on the official webpage: https://pundix.com/ A detailed simple guide for Pundi X in Spanish language; https://www.reddit.com/PundiX/comments/a7gdt4/a_detailed_simple_guide_for_pundi_x_in_spanish/
Twitter: https://twitter.com/PundiXLabs Telegram: https://t.me/Pundix Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/pundixlabs/?_rdc=1&_rdr LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/pundipundi/
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Bitcoin is forking: educate and prepare - Lecture by ...

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